Week 8 - Statistical & Government Sources: Ignorance to the Plight of Women in Video Games

 

Ahmed, K. (2018). To what degree is sexism in the OW community a problem? [Data set]. Ahmed, K [Producer]. Retrieved from https://www.strawpoll.me/15023524

To what degree is sexism in the OW community a problem? is a statistical source in the form of an online poll that was conducted by a York University student named Kacie Ahmed. The poll was created on February 7th, 2018 and was advertised on the official Overwatch subreddit. The title of the poll was "To what degree is sexism in the OW community a problem?" and the options ranged from sexism being "Not at all a problem" in the Overwatch community to sexism being "A critical/crucial problem" in the Overwatch community. The overwhelming majority of the 256 voters who participated in the poll thought that sexism was either not at all a problem in the community or only a minor problem in the community. This data set is interesting and relevant to my topic because it reveals a contemporary public opinion on the legitimacy of the plight of female gamers. This is very important because it allows me to sound more legitimate when I claim that the problems I see female players face in my day to day interactions within the Overwatch community are being ignored. This data set is also important because it helps to paint the experiences of the female gamer I interview in my podcast as universal, or at least shared by most of the female gamers in the Overwatch community.

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Beck, V. S., Boys, S., Rose, C., & Beck, E. (2012, October 27). Violence against women in video games: A prequel or sequel to rape myth acceptance? Retrieved April 26, 2018, from https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/22550147/

Violence against women in video games: A prequel or sequel to rape myth acceptance? is a governmental source published on the NCBI government website. This publication details a study that investigates the link between the “negative attitudes towards women” and games in which “violence against women takes place”. This study concludes with the researchers suggesting that the link between “negative attitudes towards women” and violence against women in video games does indeed exist. This study is interesting and relevant to my topic because it legitimizes some common observations that are made within the Overwatch community. For example, players often mock and make sexual jokes about the "death screams" of female Overwatch characters in the game. This behaviour, although very common within the realm of Overwatch, is further legitimized by being mentioned in this study. This endorsement of my own observations through the medium of a scientific study is important because it helps to make the subjective claims of myself and my interviewees sound more legitimate to the audience of the podcast.

 

Annotated Bibliography

1. TMJ4. 2018. https://www.tmj4.com/shows/the-morning-blend/an-event-empowering-survivors-of-sexual-assault. An Event Empowering Survivors of Sexual Assault

An article/video describing a positive event that empowers people who have been assaulted or abused. The event raises money for charities and has 24 hour hotlines for victims of sexual assault. It is a good way to help the community and those who may be to afraid to speak, by letting them tell their stories with no judgements. 

2. Teen Vogue. Emily Wangs. 2018. https://www.teenvogue.com/story/ed-westwick-has-been-accused-of-sexual-assault-by-a-fourth-woman. Ed Westwick Has Been Accused of Sexual Assault by a Fourth Woman

Another famous, powerful man, has been accused of rape/sexual assault by four different woman. The problem with this is how many fans he actually has, who are defending him instead of attempting to believe the woman he may have hurt. 

3. CBC News. Judy Trinh. 2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/entertainment/hedley-jacob-hoggard-rape-allegation-sexual-misconduct-1.4537263. 'I said stop': Ottawa woman accuses Hedley singer Jacob Hoggard of rape

This article recounts the abuse of Canadian bandmates from Hedley, specifically Jacob Hoggard who is the lead singer. There are graphic details written through the article as the victim describes what was done to her. It shows again that people in power have the opportunities to abuse it often. 

4. Colorado.edu. 2018. https://www.colorado.edu/today/2018/04/02/student-affairs-supporting-survivors-sexual-assault. From Student Affairs: Supporting survivors of sexual assault

This is a collage article in Colorado that shows the steps a Collage/University can take in hopes of preventing sexual assault and the ways to deal with an assault survivor should they come and talk to you. It also gives contact numbers and emails for anyone willing to help or need help. 

5. Weareyourvoice. Laura Witt. 2018. https://wearyourvoicemag.com/wyv/a-note-from-the-editor/survivors-victims-sexual-assault-anger. SURVIVORS AND VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT HAVE EVERY RIGHT TO BE ANGRY. 

This article is written by a feminist organization website called We Are Your Voice and they focus in on activist topics, one being sexual assault. This particular posts focuses on the victims of sexual assault, some who aren't believed and others who are too hurt to move on. It helps them cope and gives them a reason to express their anger, because they are safe, especially on the website. 

6. CBC News. 2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-upei-sexual-violence-art-exhibit-1.4596615. Sexual assault survivors' stories illustrated with clothes they were wearing. 

This article by CBC News is entirely dedicated to rape victims who have been slut-shamed-and abused- for what they were wearing. It's to showcase the idea that it doesn't, and shouldn't, matter what someone was wearing at they time they got assaulted. There are so many variety of clothing in this article that proves slut-shaming needs to be stopped. 

7. TheConversation, Tricia Serio 2018. https://theconversation.com/colleges-must-confront-sexual-assault-and-sexual-harassment-head-on-93054. Colleges must confront sexual assault and sexual harassment head on.

By using statistics, this article showcases the problem many universities have with sexual assault and gives a list of solutions to help with campus' and security deal with it in a safe and reliable way. Without shaming the victims or blaming anyone but the accused. 

8. Cincinatti. James Pilcher. 2018. https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/your-watchdog/2018/04/02/how-sexual-harassment-starts-campus-one-students-story/452882002/. How sexual harassment starts on campus: One student's story. 

This article deals with a person of authority abusing his power towards a student on the campus of their school. This article provides an in-depth look at one student's story surrounding her accuser and how she had the strength to acknowledge what he had done. It is not just students who are capable of hurting others.

9. CNN. Sophie Tatum. 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/30/politics/donald-trump-national-sexual-assault-awareness-month/index.html. Trump declares April National Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Despite being accused of numerous sexual assaults himself, Trump and his presidential team have decided to name April as sexual assault awareness month. This month has already been an awareness month since 2001, but Trump has issued a statement decreeing, despite rumours of his own misconducts. 

10. Global News.  Nancy Benac And Calvin Woodward. 2017. https://globalnews.ca/news/3867840/why-trump-survives-sex-assault-allegations/. As sex assault allegations topple the rich and powerful, here’s why Donald Trump has survived

This article highlights the reason that people like Donald Trump and Brock Turner are able to get away with the things they have done/been accused of. Money, race, power, gender are all taken into consideration as allow these men to walk free with no consequences. 

11. Drexler, P. (2017) Are men really clueless about sexual harassment?, CNN.

Peggy Drexler's article delves into the societal impact of men who are included in sexual harassment, specifcally the TimesUp movement, and the role they play as both victim and perpetrator. In terms the male gender,  Drexler explores the idea that men could be programmed by society and it's standards into a rooted sexist perspective and are forcefully ignorant. The idea of 'boys will be boys' is explored in the article as well. It is not blaming men, merely trying to understand the general behaviour of men in situations that call for action against violence, rape and assault. 

12. Blow, C. (2017) This is a Man Problem. 

Charles M Blow's article is written much like Drexler's, only from the perspective of the male gaze. His article confronts toxic masculinity and it's play in today's world, in terms of rape culture and the responsibility of both men and women. He also talks about society's pressure upon men, without making them the victim or taking away the seriousness of sexual assault survivors and how we, as a group, must recognize that women are not responsible for men's behaviour, despite wearing too little, smiling a lot or being intoxicated. 

13. Walton, Gerald. What Rape Culture Says About Masculinity. October 16th 2017.  The Conversation. https://theconversation.com/what-rape-culture-says-about-masculinity-85513

This article by Gerald Walton is an important piece in the world of today, specifically due to the Time'sUp and Metoo! movements. This focuses on men's role in the system, and in rape culture, and how necessary it is to teach men NOT to rape, instead of teaching women to NOT get raped. This article also sheds light on how men may believe rape culture exists, but are filled with gaps in terms of knowledge about the actual topic. 

14. Anonymous. How the Justice System Let's Sexual Assault Victims Down. September 2nd 2016. ABC. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-09-02/brock-turner-justice-system-sexual-assault-victims/7801784

This anonymous written article focuses in on her own sexual assault, and compares it to the Brock Turner case. This is a first hand account on her horrid experience and how victim blaming creates a huge problem for the justice system, the defendant and the mental health of the victim. Victim blaming seems to be a quick way to get out of doing hard time, or reflecting on the pain caused. It is easy to say 'she was wearing too short a skirt," rather than admit that wrong was truly done. There are also phenomenal statistics in this article that show Turner's case is not necessarily a unique one. 

I Said Stop.

CBC News. Judy Trinh. 2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/entertainment/hedley-jacob-hoggard-rape-allegation-sexual-misconduct-1.4537263. 'I said stop': Ottawa woman accuses Hedley singer Jacob Hoggard of rape

This article recounts the abuse of Canadian bandmates from Hedley, specifically Jacob Hoggard who is the lead singer. There are graphic details written through the article as the victim describes what was done to her. It shows again that people in power have the opportunities to abuse it often. 

Colorado.edu. 2018. https://www.colorado.edu/today/2018/04/02/student-affairs-supporting-survivors-sexual-assault. From Student Affairs: Supporting survivors of sexual assault

This is a collage article in Colorado that shows the steps a Collage/University can take in hopes of preventing sexual assault and the ways to deal with an assault survivor should they come and talk to you. It also gives contact numbers and emails for anyone willing to help or need help. 

SURVIVORS AND VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT HAVE EVERY RIGHT TO BE ANGRY

Weareyourvoice. Laura Witt. 2018. https://wearyourvoicemag.com/wyv/a-note-from-the-editor/survivors-victims-sexual-assault-anger. SURVIVORS AND VICTIMS OF SEXUAL ASSAULT HAVE EVERY RIGHT TO BE ANGRY. 

This article is written by a feminist organization website called We Are Your Voice and they focus in on activist topics, one being sexual assault. This particular posts focuses on the victims of sexual assault, some who aren't believed and others who are too hurt to move on. It helps them cope and gives them a reason to express their anger, because they are safe, especially on the website. 

CBC News. 2018. http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/prince-edward-island/pei-upei-sexual-violence-art-exhibit-1.4596615. Sexual assault survivors' stories illustrated with clothes they were wearing. 

This article by CBC News is entirely dedicated to rape victims who have been slut-shamed-and abused- for what they were wearing. It's to showcase the idea that it doesn't, and shouldn't, matter what someone was wearing at they time they got assaulted. There are so many variety of clothing in this article that proves slut-shaming needs to be stopped. 

 

Colleges must confront sexual assault and sexual harassment head on

TheConversation, Tricia Serio 2018. https://theconversation.com/colleges-must-confront-sexual-assault-and-sexual-harassment-head-on-93054. Colleges must confront sexual assault and sexual harassment head on.

By using statistics, this article showcases the problem many universities have with sexual assault and gives a list of solutions to help with campus' and security deal with it in a safe and reliable way. Without shaming the victims or blaming anyone but the accused. 

Cincinatti. James Pilcher. 2018. https://www.cincinnati.com/story/news/your-watchdog/2018/04/02/how-sexual-harassment-starts-campus-one-students-story/452882002/. How sexual harassment starts on campus: One student's story. 

This article deals with a person of authority abusing his power towards a student on the campus of their school. This article provides an in-depth look at one student's story surrounding her accuser and how she had the strength to acknowledge what he had done. It is not just students who are capable of hurting others. 

 

Trump declares April National Sexual Assault Awareness Month

CNN. Sophie Tatum. 2018. https://www.cnn.com/2018/03/30/politics/donald-trump-national-sexual-assault-awareness-month/index.html. Trump declares April National Sexual Assault Awareness Month

Despite being accused of numerous sexual assaults himself, Trump and his presidential team have decided to name April as sexual assault awareness month. This month has already been an awareness month since 2001, but Trump has issued a statement decreeing, despite rumours of his own misconducts. 

Global News.  Nancy Benac And Calvin Woodward. 2017. https://globalnews.ca/news/3867840/why-trump-survives-sex-assault-allegations/. As sex assault allegations topple the rich and powerful, here’s why Donald Trump has survived

This article highlights the reason that people like Donald Trump and Brock Turner are able to get away with the things they have done/been accused of. Money, race, power, gender are all taken into consideration as allow these men to walk free with no consequences. 

 

Annotated Bibliography - Political Correctness in Fiction

1.     Ross, Andrew, and Manthia Diawara. “A Symposium on Popular Culture and Political Correctness.” Social Text, Oct. 1993, pp. 1–39., doi:10.2307/466387.

A discussion of ideas of the interchange between popular culture and political correctness. The article is the result of a panel held at the annual convention of the Modern Language Association in December 1992 by the MLA’s Popular Culture Division and posits, “Can popular culture be politically correct?” (Ross, p. 1) The journal article is not explicit on its source type, whether it be primary or secondary but is notably academic. The relevance of the source to my project pitch, “Should political correctness override authorial intention?” is highly topical, the very nature of this journal article posits a similar inquiry and provides relatively up to date information on political correctness in popular culture and works to answer if whether the former can affect the latter. This will assist me in answering my question, for it is not a matter of if it can, but if it should, however the source nevertheless remains beneficial as a sound board.

2.     Purves, Libby. “Political Correctness Who Benefits?” RSA Journal, vol. 147, no. 5489, 1999, pp. 46–53., www.jstor.org/stable/41380208?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

The journal article assumes the position of a lecture, and its main theme can be summarized as; “political correctness protects the weak but extreme examples have made it a laughing stock.” (Purves, p. 46) Its very title asks who benefits from political correctness, and this question is answered briefly at the start. To sum the article, the writer endeavours to glean insight into the issue itself. This is a primary academic source. The relevance of the source to my project pitch is beneficial in answering one immediate inquiry, assuming a pop culture icon becomes politically correct, who stands to gain from this? Who is the target audience for political correctness? That’s what this source can help me to address in my project pitch.

3.     Arnett, Robert P. “‘Casino Royale’ and Franchise Remix: James Bond as Superhero.” Film Criticism, vol. 33, no. 3, 2009, pp. 1–16., www.jstor.org/stable/44019224?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

This source likens itself to the film critic and assumes the position of James Bond joining the superhero genre. The opening sentence says, “Popular media and industry reporting often claim films like Casino Royale (Martin Campbell, 2006), Batman Begins (Christopher Nolan, 2005), The Incredible Hulk (Louis Leterrier, 2008), and Superman Returns (Bryan Singer, 2006) "reboot" their franchises (e.g., Cohen 2008).” (Arnett, p. 1) Ultimately, this journal article attempts to show insight into why James Bond has become a superhero with the titular protagonist being portrayed by Daniel Craig. This source is primary and is academic/peer reviewed. How will this source be relevant to my project/episode pitch? My episode will have a feature on James Bond exploring the ramifications of his influence in the modern-day Hollywood, in other words, with Bond’s entry into the superhero genre, this exposes him to popular criticism and he becomes a prime candidate for politically motivated messages. Can Bond still be British if he’s not Caucasian? This source will ultimately help me to focus my feature on Bond and provide opportunities for considering new avenues of thought.

4.     Grant, Charles. “Ghostbusters.” Sight and Sound, July 2016, pp. 16–17.

This source functions as a film review of 2016’s Ghostbusters, by professional film critic Charles Grant, it was featured in a peer reviewed magazine, and thus is a primary source of information. How will this be relevant to my episode pitch? I have a feature which will discuss the movie in hopes to elucidate further upon my main question seen above under reference #1. With the choice to not only diversify the cast of the original premise of Ghostbusters, but to remake the gender of the original source material characters, this film review will allow me to illustrate to others how political correctness can go too far.

5.     Ermarth, Michael. “THE TRANSFORMATION OF HERMENEUTICS: 19TH CENTURY ANCIENTS AND 20THCENTURY MODERNS.” The Monist, vol. 64, no. 2, Apr. 1981, pp. 175–194., www.jstor.org/stable/27902690?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

This journal article is concerned with Hermeneutics (the act of interpretation – fanciful manner of rendering one’s opinion) in the 19th century to the 20th century and considers such topics as, “literary criticism, history, sociology, anthropology, political science, philosophy… “  (Ermarth, p. 175) This is a primary, academic source. How is this source relevant to my project pitch? I will have a feature focused primarily on the subject of political correctness, and one may even argue that political correctness is a subject of interpretation, the source on Hermeneutics demonstrates this act of interpretation in topological areas, but most importantly in political science which is certainly to produce political correctness.

6.     Andrews, Edna. “Cultural Sensitivity and Political Correctness: The Linguistic Problem of Naming.” American Speech , vol. 71, no. 4, 1996, pp. 389-404., doi:10.2307/455713.

This journal article can be summed in one sentence, as written by the author, “THIS ESSAY ADDRESSES some of the linguistic concepts that underlie the political and highly sensitive issue of what is referred to by English speakers today as "cultural sensitivity”.” (Andrews, p. 389). This is also colloquially referred to as political correctness as revealed by the author. This is a primary academic source. How will this source be relevant to my project pitch? As explained earlier, I will have a feature on political correctness as a subject, and this source acts as a means to identify and explain the cultural sensitivity of the Western world.

7.     Ackroyd, Judith, and Andrew Pilkington. “KEYNOTE: ‘You're Not Allowed to Say That’ Minefields and Political Correctness.” Caribbean Quarterly, vol. 53, no. 1/2, June 2007, pp. 49–62., www.jstor.org/stable/40654972?seq=1#page_scan_tab_contents.

This journal article lends itself to the inner workings of political correctness in use of language. In other words, due to cultural sensitivity, one is not allowed to speak certain terms as they are deemed politically incorrect. This is a primary academic source. How is this source relevant to my project pitch? This will act as a conclusion to my feature on political correctness as a subject by illustrating how due to its influence on language, it has more and more ensnared itself on and around the media. Where it would have been acceptable to speak a certain way in an older James Bond film for instance, political correctness has made doubly sure that in defiance of the source material, this new portrayal behaves the way that society wants it too because some people are too sensitive to deal with it.

8.     Canada, Statistics. “A Table of Results Outlining Statistical Data on Motion Pictures Theatres Revenue Every 2 Years.” 27 Nov. 2017.

This is raw data which shows revenue statistics on motion pictures theatres (film releases) in Canada every 2 years. There’s not a whole lot to say about this source as it lacks subjective data, it is objective data, they are numbers. What can be said is that the information is a primary source and belongs to statistics research. How will this be relevant? I will have a feature discussing revenue earnings of movies in Canada (The movies are not named in the data but one can argue that based on its release, movies that came out in 2017 will be relevant.)

9.     Government of Canada. www.canada.ca/en/canadian-heritage/services/film-video-policies/investment-canadian-film-distribution.html.

This government document explains the policy on media distribution in the Canada/U.S sector, and is meant to promote a healthier Canadian film industry. This is a primary source of information, and is a government distributed document. How will this be relevant to my project pitch? I will have a short feature on film policy in Canada and its relations with the U.S., which will also add on to my previous feature of revenue earnings of movies in Canada, and help show the demographic of moviegoers of Canada, or rather, the percentage of Canadians who are moviegoers. Furthermore, this film policy also helps illustrate cultural sensitivity in Canada, ergo, “promote a healthier Canadian film industry.” That sounds like political correctness to me.

10.  Anderson, Richard. “Trigger Warning: James Bond Gets a Politically Correct Reboot in New Novel.” The Rebel.Media, 14 Sept. 2015, www.therebel.media/trigger_warning_james_bond.

This website article/blog is written about James Bond getting a politically correct reboot in the form of a new book. The blogger writes that this new book features an openly homosexual MI6 agent who a friend of James Bond is, among other new features such as a theme of smoking causing cancer, and so on that call into question, Bond’s lifestyle in Ian Fleming’s vision of the character. How will this be relevant to my project pitch? This will be combined with the feature on James Bond outlined above under reference #3, and this particular source will explore how political correctness has already wormed its way into the world of James Bond.

11.  Calton, Chris. “The Politically Correct Perversion Of Superhero Movies.” The Liberty Conservative, 25 May 2016, www.thelibertyconservative.com/politically-correct-perversion-superhero-movies/.

This article written by Chris Calton of The Liberty Conservative is a blog entry which concerns itself with the cultural sensitivity/political correctness of the superhero genre. The opening sentence relates how Marvel had just published their new line, The Ultimates, which introduced revisions of classic characters, such as Nick Fury. In the 616-mainstream continuity, Nick Fury was a tough as nails, military styled Caucasian man, in the Ultimates, Nick Fury was transformed to an African American bald man. The premise of the article is to discuss how political correctness has perverted the superhero genre in movies. This is a secondary source of information, and functions as a blog/news source. How will this be relevant to my project pitch? I will have a feature discussing the superhero genre in my episode that will tie into answering the overall question of whether political correctness should override the source material, but more specifically, how do these changes affect fans of this genre in the long run? Are the changes really that bad? Do they pervert the genre?

12.  Holmes, Mannie. “Michael B. Jordan on ‘Fantastic Four’ Casting Backlash: I’Ll ‘Shoulder All This Hate.’” Variety, 22 May 2015, 4:58PM, variety.com/2015/film/news/michael-b-jordan-fantastic-four-casting-backlash-shouldering-hate-1201504000/.

This is a short article discussing Michael B. Jordan’s response to the fan outcry of his casting of Johnny Storm/Human Torch in 2015’s The Fantastic Four. This is a secondary source of information functioning as a blog/news source. How will this be relevant to my project pitch? It continues upon my feature of the superhero genre and will help me to illustrate how political correctness in the superhero genre can lead to outcry when fan favourites get casted by someone that doesn’t match the physical description of a well-known character.

13.  Hudson, Jerome. “Clint Eastwood Warns Political Correctness ‘Killing’ Country: ‘We’Ve Lost Our Sense of Humor.’” BreitBart, 22 May 2017, www.breitbart.com/big-hollywood/2017/05/22/clinton-eastwood-political-correctness-is-ruining-america/.

This article presents a feature in which well-known actor, Clint Eastwood, bashes political correctness relating how it is killing the country (America). He also warns that we as people have lost our sense of humour. This article will be relevant as a source of second-hand account, if even a famous person can say political correctness has gone too far, then surely someone will listen, right?

14.  Masood, Abdullah. “How Over-Political Correctness Is Ruining Nerdy Cinema.” Geeks.Media, 23 Nov. 2017, geeks.media/how-over-political-correctness-is-ruining-nerdy-cinema.

This article is about how the extremeness of political correctness is currently ruining nerdy cinema, (Think of franchises such as The Hunger Games, Lord of the Rings, the MCU, the DCEU, and so on.) The article mentions how political correctness began with noble intent, but now Hollywood has taken things too far. How will this be relevant to my project pitch? It will serve as an add-on to my feature on the superhero genre, and function as a conclusion of sorts. Overall, all my references will create one story to tell to hopefully persuade others that political correctness does more harm than good.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Striking Innocents! (Formerly The Affects of Corporal Punishment) Annotated bibliography entries 5-8

Wikipedia Contributors. “John Rosemond.” Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 Feb. 2018. Web. 20 Feb. 2018

     Wikipedia’s entry on John Rosemond provides basic information on the author of the original opinion article and his credentials.  It lists him as a 70-year-old American residing in North Carolina who obtained a master’s degree in community psychology in 1971.  Wikipedia describes him as “An American columnist, public speaker, and author on parenting” who has written 15 books on parenting and writes a column that has been syndicated in 225 newspapers.  Rosemond was a practicing family psychologist from 1980-1990.  He currently hosts a radio show entitled “Because I said so!” which airs on American Family Radio networks on Saturdays at 5:00pm.  Rosemond’s Wikipedia page states that he has received criticism for his recommendations on toilet training and spanking because they contradict other parenting expert’s recommendations.  The page also states that in the late 1980’s the North Carolina Psychology Board took action against him for one of his columns and provides links to news articles relating to the court cases against him.  I have chosen to use the popular source of John Rosemond’s Wikipedia page because it provides his basic information and an up to date accounting of his accomplishments and activities.  It also provides links to Rosemond’s podcast, controversial columns he has written and information on actions taken against him by psychology boards.

Rosemond John “Spanking and The Biblical Rod.” Because I Said So! From American Family Radio, 15 February 2018, https://pod.cast.rosemond.com/?name=2018-02-15_jr_20180210.mp3

     In the February 10, 2018 episode of John Rosemond’s radio show “Because I Said So!”, Rosemond speaks directly to the issue of corporal punishment. The episode entitled “Spanking and The Biblical Rod” begins with Rosemond outlining what he feels are the two extremes regarding the subject of spanking. He then lays out his interpretation of the scriptures instructions to parents regarding the use of “the rod” when disciplining children.  After citing the various Biblical passages in which “The Rod” is mentioned, Rosemond arrives at the conclusion that the Biblical Rod is metaphorical and represents discipline itself. Rosemond clarifies that although “The Rod” mentioned in the Bible is metaphorical, he does not condemn corporal punishment as a tool of discipline and lists a variety of circumstances in which he believes children should be hit by an adult.  In his radio show Rosemond condemns his fellow psychologists claiming that “psychology has caused more problems than it has solved for American parents”.  I have chosen to include this primary source of information because John Rosemond’s podcast “Spanking and the Biblical Rod” clearly outlines the columnists opinions on corporal punishment.  It also gives my audience the opportunity to hear Rosemond’s opinions in his own words and allows Rosemond himself to list the resources from which his opinions are derived.

 

 

 

Department of Justice Canada. Child Abuse: A Fact Sheet from the Department of Justice Canada www.canada-justice.ca/en/ps/fm/childafs.html Accessed 17 February 2018

     The Child abuse fact sheet published by the Department of Justice Canada provides a summarized account of what Canadian law considers to be child abuse, what factors are believed to contribute to child abuse and how widespread the problem of child abuse is within Canada. This government source examines the four main categories of child abuse: physical abuse, emotional abuse, sexual abuse and neglect; providing the reader with statistical analysis on each category. The fact sheet then examines what factors contribute to child abuse and what consequences child abuse levies upon our society. The fact sheet ends with some suggestions for preventing and responding to child abuse. For my podcast on corporal punishment I will be concentrating on the information provided regarding physical and emotional abuse. I have chosen to include this source because it speaks directly to the issues of how widespread a problem child abuse has become and the various impacts that child abuse has upon our society.  The Department of Justice’s fact sheet derives most of its findings from a 1998 Canadian incidence study of reported child abuse.  Although the study is somewhat dated (20 years old) no more recent study of the Canadian government exists that speaks directly to all of these same issues. The fact that the study is so dated will allow an examination into whether or not the Canadian government has implemented any of its own recommendations over the last 20 years.

JUSTICE FOR CHILDREN AND YOUTH Legal Rights Wiki, Child Discipline, Child Protection and Child Custody,2013, www.jfcy.org/en/you-have-rights/ Accessed 18 February 2018

     The Justice for children and youth organization has created an online publication which provides information about the legal rights of children and youth in Ontario. Although the publication covers a broad range of issues such as youth criminal Justice, education, mental health and discrimination, it also speaks directly to the issue of corporal punishment. While using a vocabulary that is easy enough for a child to understand, the publication explains why Canadian law allows a parent or guardian to dispense punishments upon a child that would otherwise be considered assault. The publication also clearly differentiates between what is considered to be an acceptable level of violence to be used upon a child and what is considered abuse.  I have chosen this popular source to be included in my research because it clearly separates legal corporal punishment from illegal forms of physical abuse. In elucidating the rights of children in this country, the publication answers questions such as: who can legally hit a child, under what circumstances a child may be struck, what is considered reasonable force and whether or not the laws regarding corporal punishment will ever change?  The publication also makes reference to the specific section of the criminal code that allows for corporal punishment as well as a recent ruling by the United Nations committee on the rights of the Child which provides additional avenues of research to explore.

Ivory Trade 2 week 8- Victoria Bicknell

WEEK 8

Flannery, Maura C. “Evolution: Always New.” The American Biology Teacher, vol. 67, no. 2, 2005, pp. 113–117. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/4451795.

This peer reviewed article by Flannery discusses biology and evolution. She discusses the idea of evolution and the role that humans play in said changes that we are seeing play out currently. This article may be a good starting point to understand the damage of which we are imposing on the elephants in a biological manner. They need ivory and have been evolving for centuries to have larger and sturdier tusks that are used for vital every day activities. With human interference over the last few hundred (most prominently 2009) their numbers have decreased to a point where even genetic diversity is lacking, putting a lot at stake for these creatures, elephants and rhinos alike.

 

Williams, Jonah M. “The Convoluted Nature of the African Ivory Trade: Possible Solutions for Curbing the Destructive Nature of Poaching and Promoting Elephant Conservation.” Consilience, no. 15, 2016, pp. 181–192. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/26188764.8WEEK 9

Williams’ peer reviewed article discusses a lot of key aspects in that must be brought to light when discussing the ivory trade. The author mentions that ivory trade and the possibilities it could bring to the economy, both in africa and in china but he also notes that ivory is used for nothing more than decoration, meaning it has no real purpose to us. Secondly, the author addresses certain issues such as a possible overpopulation if the ivory trade is banned entirely and the cultural situation in which westerners know very little and have little to do with. The ivory trade is complex and there are many things to note, and this article illustrates the different sides to the ivory trade

Ivory Trade (1) - Week 8 - Varsha Ramnarine Singh

Week 8

Schmidt, Michael J., and Richard Ross. “Working Elephants.” Scientific American, vol. 274, no. 1, 1996, pp. 82–87. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/24989359

In Schmidt’s article, he discusses the use of elephants in the Myanmar jungles to help transport logs for logging. When this article was published, Myanmar was one of the last countries in the world who continued the tradition of logging through the use of elephants. Through the declining population of elephants, this traditional way of life is put in danger of being lost in addition to losing the Asian elephants that remain. The suggested solution is to breed elephants to not only revive the elephant population but to keep this tradition alive. Schmidt’s article is one that highlights the consequences that come out of the ivory trade and why it should be stopped in terms of preserving the elephant population and the traditions. This would be used to further prove that the ivory trade should be stopped. 

Sekar, Nitin, et al. “In the Elephant's Seed Shadow: the Prospects of Domestic Bovids as Replacement Dispersers of Three Tropical Asian Trees.” Ecology, vol. 96, no. 8, 2015, pp. 2093–2105. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/43495151

In Sekar’s article he discusses how the African forest elephant and the one horned Rhinoceros are vital to their environments. He explores how their capability to swallow and digest large fruit seeds without damaging themselves helps to fertilize and spread the seeds of many different fruit trees along with any other vegetation that they may consume. In this they play a vital role in their environments and without them it would suffer greatly. Sekar’s article is one that highlights the value that the African forest elephant and one horned Rhino play in their environment. This would be used to prove why they would benefit from the ivory trades end.

 

WEEK 8 ANNOTATED READINGS - ABBY HOWLAND - TUT 02

WEEK 8 READINGS

 

Sullivan, Jonathan, and Lei Xie. “Environmental Activism, Social Networks and the Internet.” The China Quarterly, no. 198, 2009, pp. 422–432. JSTOR, JSTOR, www.jstor.org/stable/27756459.

 

This source is a peer-reviewed scholarly journal article. It analyzes and examines the use of the internet in Chinese environmental activism. Besides allowing for the access and spread of (sometimes banned) information, the internet also plays host to electronic environmental non-governmental organizations, which do work both online and in the real world. Personal social networks (an individual’s own connections) ease the spread of activism—in information and participation, both online and in the real world. Activist networks are created and held together by a collective identity; online, hyperlinks within websites connect users to similar information and form a kind of network as well. The usage of the internet for activism and social networks affecting activism also applies to activism in the case of the Kinder Morgan pipeline, how protesters organize, and how information is spread, which relates to the planned “people” vignette of our podcast, where we will discuss activism opposing the pipeline.

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Hage, Robert. “Risk, Prevention, and Opportunity: Northern Gateway and the marine environment.” Macdonald-Laurier Institute for Public Policy, Canadian Electronic Library, 2015.

 

This source is a scholarly one. This paper states that the entire situation surrounding the Enbridge Northern Gateway Pipeline was fraught with misconceptions, failed aspirations, and miscommunication. Canada is more prepared for an oil spill than many think. The pipeline was meant to stretch from Bruderheim, Alberta, to Kitimat, Alaska. Concerns from fishers (including First Nations) surrounded the proposed tanker routes, as they would travel through areas of abundant fish. Any pipeline company must have a comprehensive risk management program to avoid spills or leakages—the Joint Review Panel found that Northern Gateway’s was satisfactory. Concerns from all parties were expressed over the nature of diluted bitumen, an oil that possibly sinks instead of floating in water, and agreed that more research was required. The Canada Shipping Act has strong regulations for safety with oil tankers. The Joint Review Panel approved the pipeline with 209 binding conditions. The Tanker Safety Panel found that Canada needed to be more prepared for oil spills. Multiple politicians and government workers highlighted the need to consult with and address the environmental concerns of First Nations groups, also providing economic opportunity and partnership. The Joint Review Panel found the this pipeline was in Canada’s best interest and recommended establishing a citizens’ advisory council to promote environmentally safe practices, ensure jobs for Aboriginal people along the pipeline, and ensure that First Nations can obtain equity interest in the project. The Northern Gateway Pipeline is a sort of precursor to the Kinder Morgan Pipeline and was defeated on the same grounds that Kinder Morgan could be. Investigating the Northern Gateway Pipeline shows commonalities in pipeline construction, concerns, and approval, as well as giving more information about the situation surrounding that pipeline.

 

 

Rape and Death Threats in Esports

Chalk, A. (2016, June 21). Teenage Overwatch player accused of cheating proves she's just that good with Zarya. Retrieved February 04, 2018, from https://www.pcgamer.com/teenage-overwatch-player-accused-of-cheating-proves-shes-just-that-good-with-zarya/

Teenage Overwatch player accused of cheating proves she's just that good with Zarya is a blog post created by Andy Chalk. Chalk recites the popular story of the famous female overwatch player, Kim Se Yeon, who was so good at the game that professional level players accused her of hacking. Chalk make any new insights, he just talks about the situation as a whole without critically analyzing it.

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100 Women 2016: The women challenging sexism in e-sports. (2016, November 21). Retrieved February 04, 2018, from http://www.bbc.com/news/technology-37992322

100 Women 2016: The women challenging sexism in e-sports is an article published by the BBC. The article goes over the huge gender pay gap in the esports community, referencing known inequalities and cases of rape threats among female professional players. Without speculating why, BBC point out that less than 5% of the billion dollar industry is comprised of women, indicating that there must be some sort of systemic inequality involed.  

The World's Opinions on Esports

C. (2016, March 06). The Latest Kentucky Riot Is Part Of A Long, Destructive Sports Tradition. Retrieved February 17, 2018, from https://fivethirtyeight.com/features/the-latest-kentucky-riot-is-part-of-a-long-destructive-sports-tradition/


The Latest Kentucky Riot Is Part Of A Long, Destructive Sports Tradition is a secondary source created by Carl Bialik, a blog poster for the website, FiveThirtyEight. Using a combination of statistics and second hand accounts, Bialik complies a list of all of the sports related riots in North America since 1968. Bialik mentions that these riots usually happen when fans get upset after an "upset" (an unexpected loss), and that these riots can get violent enough to result in loss of life. This topic is interesting and relevant to my topic because even when people acknowledge the scale and relevancy of modern day esports, they fail to acknowledge that esports can influence people to do mean/violent things to other people. Thus, by drawing the connection between sports and esports, and pointing out the violence committed by passionate sports fans, I may be able to convince the reader that not only does the social space of esports matter, but that the social space in the virtual realm of esports may eventually "leak" into the real world.

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Stubbs, M. (2017, December 02). Are Esports A Real Sport? Riot Games Wades Into The Debate With 'League Of Legends' Video. Retrieved February 17, 2018, from https://www.forbes.com/sites/mikestubbs/2017/12/02/are-esports-a-real-sport-riot-games-wades-into-the-debate-with-league-of-legends-video/#7150ca1f2486

Are Esports A Real Sport? Riot Games Wades Into The Debate With 'League Of Legends' Video is a popular source written by Mike Stubbs of Forbes magazine. In his article, Stubbs claims that whether or not esports get classified as "real sports" is irrelevant because it will likely always have a huge audience and thus, have a strong influence. This topic is important to my topic because I have to address the issue of esports being legitimate in my podcast. Many people still think that virtual athletes are just a bunch of "fat nerds" who enter small Mario Kart tournaments for small amounts of money, and before I get into the the meat of my topic, I have to convince people that esports are important, or else they probably won't care about what I have to say.

Campus Assault

Avani Dias and Nkayla Afshariyan. What is your university doing in response to sexual assault and harassment. http://www.abc.net.au/triplej/programs/hack/uni-responses/9477920

This article delivers different Universities in Australia and how they deal with the topic of sexual assault and what their specific policies are depending on the school. It was a resourceful article to compare and contrast American educational systems and how they react to different sexual assault cases as well. 

CTVNews, Laval University confronts sexual violence through workshops, art. https://montreal.ctvnews.ca/laval-university-confronts-sexual-violence-through-workshops-art-1.3807922

This article reflects on a University in Montreal, called Laval University, that dealt with a 19 year old student who was breaking and entering, as well as sexual assaulting fellow students. The way they dealt with it was through workshops, self defense classes and art that subjected clothing vs rape standards. 

Women as Supporting Characters

Robbins, R. H. (1999). Global problems and the culture of capitalism. Boston, MA: Allyn and Bacon.

Global problems and the culture of capitalism is a scholarly source created by Richard H. Robbins, a well known anthropologist. In chapter 3 of he book, Robbins describes how jobs that are predominately done by women are historically seen as easier. This relates back to my topic because Mercy being seen as a relatively easy, "no skill" hero may be caused by the phenomenon that Robbins describes.

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Walsh, A. (2012). Made in Madagascar: Sapphires, ecotourism, and the global bazaar. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Made in Madagascar: Sapphires, ecotourism, and the global bazaar is a scholarly source created by Richard H. Robbins, a well known anthropologist. In chapter 3 of the book, Walsh briefly talks about the role of women in the sapphire trade as a supporting role. Given the harsh circumstances described in the book, and the relative ease of access women had to the mines, it strikes me as interesting that they still only played a supporting role (picking sapphires from the dirt that the men brought from the mines). I think that this extreme example of women being made into "supporting characters" may shed light on the less extreme example of women being made into "supporting characters" in Overwatch.

The Spiritual Spectrum: Religion, Law and Limits

EPISODE PITCH

 

Imagine one of your friends or colleagues starts to act out regularly. Just acting obnoxious in general, really rude, really abrasive. So much so that you have a public falling out, your entire circle no longer wants to be around this person. And just when you think  they're out of your life, they take you to court for excluding them.

Something very similar happened to a congregation of Jehovah’s Witnesses when they made the decision to excommunicate Randy Wall. In April 2017, Randy Wall requested a review of this decision by the Alberta court.  By November, Wall’s former congregation appealed to the Supreme Court of Canada on the grounds that the Alberta courts did not have the jurisdiction to hear Wall’s initial case back in April.

These two cases by the Alberta and Supreme Court of Canada have raised a bit of controversy over the involvement of the court in day to day life.  Some are calling for a proper separation of church and state within Canada. When the Supreme Court made the decision to review the Alberta case hearings, an opinion piece was published in the National Post by one Barry Bussey, titled ‘Courts have no business reviewing religious decisions’.

Bussey ended his article with a clear statement against such actions. That quote reads “the law need not apply to every nook and cranny of our lives, especially religious affairs.”

So how involved is the canadian government with religious affairs? What would it look like if the law and courts never touched anything remotely religious? Is there a need for more separation of church and state in Canada?

It’s worth mentioning that Canadian Law does have some advantages for religious organizations, like tax exemption through charitable status, protection from discrimination, and the need for schools and workplaces to accommodate religious needs.

The discussion around this could go in many directions, considering how personal a topic religion is and how intense political values are as well.



ANNOTATED BIBLIOGRAPHY

ABCA. Wall v Judicial Committee of the Highwood Congregation of Jehovah's Witnesses. 8 Sept.2016, www.canlii.org/en/ab/abca/doc/2016/2016abca255/2016abca255.htmlautocompleteStr=highwood%20congregation&autocompletePos=1.

This is the citation for the court case of Wall v Judicial Committee of the Highwood Congregation of Jehovah’s Witnesses in Alberta. The opinion piece that the episode will respond to draws on this court case, as well as an upcoming Supreme Court of Canada hearing. This is a popular source, and it documents the major events of the case in the order that they occurred. 

 

Allen, Marry. “Police-Reported Hate Crime in Canada, 2013.” Government of Canada, Statistics Canada, Statistics Canada, 30 Nov. 2015, www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/85-002-x/2015001/article/14191-eng.htm#a16.

This is a statistics report on hate crimes in Canada. It is a popular government source. The episode will discuss the way in which the Canadian government regulates religious practices, and begins with the notion that “the government is too involved”. This statistic, as well as other information on how discrimination laws are used, will serve as evidence for another view point, in that the Canadian government is only involved when it is necessary. For example, in a situation where a citizen must prove in court that they were being discriminated against based on their religion.

 

Berger, Benjamin L. “Religious Diversity, Education, and the ‘Crisis’ in State Neutrality.”Canadian Journal of Law and Society / Revue Canadienne , vol. 29, no. 01, 2013, pp. 103–122., doi:10.1017/cls.2013.56.

This is a scholarly, peer reviewed source that discusses religion and education in Canada through several specific cases. The relation to the episode is that is contains an in-depth and easy to understand explanation of why catholic schools are still funded by the government while other religious minority schools are not. Or at least, the argument that was used.

 

Ewing , Heidi and Rachel Grady, directors. One of Us. Netflix , Netflix , 20 Oct. 2017.

This is the citation for a documentary on the Hasidic community in New York. It is a popular source. The documentary highlights a situation where the Hasidic community has its own niche judicial system within the legal system of New York, allowing them to hold hearings in a way that emphasizes their religious beliefs. Because the episode is about the law and religion, this is a perfect example of what the separation of church and state does not look like, despite the fact that generally speaking the US government is separate from any religious body.

 

Landau, Richard M. “Toward a Definition of Legitimate Religions.” Ontario Human Rights Commission,ww.ohrc.on.ca/en/creed-freedom-religion-and-human-rights-special-issue-diversity-magazine-volume-93-summer-2012/toward-definition-legitimate-religions.

This article is from the summer 2012  issue of the magazine Diversity, which I was only about to cite from the Ontario Human Rights Commission website. It outline the hallmarks of genuine religions, as best as the government can discern. It also sheds some light on how a group that claims to be a religion might not be recognized by the Canadian government and granted certain rights that most mainstream religions have in Canada. It also mentions two famous cults, which hints at the violent impact of some radical belief systems on the way governments have to operate in such a sensitive area as faith. This episode is about the limits of religious freedoms, or what they should be (subject to opinion), so it is imperative that safety and legitimacy of any organization is easy to discern for the discussion. This source is secondary as it draws on the authors experience with religions, government regulations of faiths and general knowledge of universal human rights. It is also a popular source.

 

“Policy on Preventing Discrimination Based on Creed.” Ontario Human Rights Commission, www.ohrc.on.ca/en/policy-preventing-discrimination-based-creed.

This web article outlines the religious rights of people living in Ontario which are provided by the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms and the Ontario Human Rights Code. It contains practical information for understanding how public spaces must accommodate certain practices, how to identify discrimination from a legal standpoint and exceptions to the rule. It is a secondary source of applicable Canadian and Ontario law on a governmental website. This source is relevant because this episode will center on the limitations of religious freedoms, and this website outlines the current state of religious freedoms as well as how society is expected to use them. It is a popular government source. 

 

Galanter, Marc. Cults: Faith, Healing, and Coercion. Oxford University Press, 1999.

This is an academic book on cults and techniques used within them. Because there is no universally agreed upon definition of a cult, the author uses the term charismatic group to discuss the typical, pseudo religious organizations that he wishes to investigate. Early on in the book the author demonstrates that even an Alcoholics Anonymous meeting can take on certain aspects of a charismatic group or cult. This is relevant to the episode because it illustrates the dynamics within religious or cultish communities and how the customs of such a group dictate the lives of its members. The book does focus on more outlandish ideologies and concepts, so it also provides a good look into why some governments seek to regulate or intervene with specific situations. This is a scholarly source. 

 

Stolzenberg, N. M. “Righting the Relationship Between Race and Religion in Law.” Oxford Journal of Legal Studies, vol. 31, no. 3, Oct. 2011, pp. 583–602., doi:10.1093/ojls/gqr014.

This article is a peer reviewed, scholarly source. The main topic is about the overlap of race and religion and the instances in which they must be examined together. It also compares the differences in American and European legal viewpoints on discrimination cases, where the author mentions that Americans tend to focus on the race and neglect religion and culture, and that Europeans focus on religion more than race and culture. Some examples are provided to illustrate this. In relation to this episode, it provides insight into multiple court cases centering around religious discrimination, and how they had to be differentiated from racial discrimination in the eyes of the court.

 

Friedson, Meredith L. “Psychotherapy and the Fundamentalist Client: The Aims and Challenges of Treating Jehovah’s Witnesses.” Journal of Religion and Health, vol. 54, no. 2, 2014, pp. 693–712., doi:10.1007/s10943-014-9946-8.

This is a peer reviewed, scholarly article meant for those who wish to gain understanding on therapy for Jehovah’s witnesses. The relevance to the episode is that it deals with two controversial practices of Jehovah’s Witnesses, isolation and shunning. In Wall’s case he mentions that distress from the shunning of his daughter caused the incidents which led to his disfellowship. The article gives an in depth look into experience with such distress.

 

Dirksen, Annegret. “Children of Jehovah's Witnesses under Two Dictatorships*.” Religion, State and Society, vol. 34, no. 2, 2006, pp. 191–210., doi:10.1080/09637490600624857.

This article discusses the persecution of Witnesses in Germany under Nazi rule and German Democratic Republic (GDR). It is a peer reviewed, scholarly source. This is relevant to the episode because it is a clear representation of  deeply negative government involvement with Witness children, on a much larger scale than the Wall case.  


 

Knox, Zoe. “Writing Witness History: The Historiography of the Jehovah's Witnesses and the Watch Tower Bible and Tract Society of Pennsylvania.” Journal of Religious History, vol. 35, no. 2, 2011, pp. 157–180., doi:10.1111/j.1467-9809.2010.01030.x.

This is a peer reviewed, scholarly article which outlines the founding of the Jehovah’s Witnesses religious group, their influence on the acceptance of societies, and notorious controversies. It provides a general information on the history and literature of the group, as well as examples of how people come to be disfellowshiped.


 

Bodnaruk, Zenon M, et al. “Meeting the Clinical Challenge of Care for Jehovah’s Witnesses.” Transfusion Medicine Reviews, vol. 18, no. 2, 2004, pp. 105–116., doi:10.1016/j.tmrv.2003.12.004.

This article discusses one of the most controversial legal debates in relation to Witnesses; blood transfusion refusal. It provides some detail as to the legal process of refusal, which can include trials and hearings for families who must decide for a child in a life threatening situation. It is relevant because of the legal scenarios that can arise when religious beliefs prevent a person from certain actions. It is a peer reviewed, scholarly article.


 

Why we need resources for mental health.

“Margaret Wente.” The Globe and Mail, https://www.theglobeandmail.com/authors/margaret-wente/ February 25, 2018.

 

This is a short profile on Margaret Wente that tells the history of her career.  It states that she is an award-winning columnist who has a history in editing.  She also has an MA in English and has won many journalism awards.  I think that this information is important because having more context on who the author for the opinion piece is.  When presenting the opinion piece in my podcast I think that it is essential to have a short description on the author because some listeners might not know who Margaret Wente is.

 

Pardy, Bruce. “Head Starts and Extra Time: Academic Accomodation on Post-secondary Exams and Assignments for Students with Cognitive and Mental Disabilities.” 25 Education and Law Journal 191. 2016. https://poseidon01.ssrn.com/delivery.php?ID=258105111101104113124120002026106088038002035054002027096002014102000114002124085071043103049011103001110086098019021120106094058017008015072091006104075127001038092042101001089098116103068121126004108075000067020114116005099126112069005080126089&EXT=pdf. February 25, 2018.

 

This article, which was hyperlinked in Wente’s opinion piece, supports her opinion.  It states that exams and assignments are actually competitions where students battle to determine who is the best among them.  Author Bruce Pardy believes that giving accommodations to some students and not others is actually very unfair.  I wanted to include this piece in my research because I wanted to see where Wente got her information from for her opinion.  I think that having this context helps me to understand her perspective more.  Also, it will be good information for listeners to have so that they can form their own well educated opinions.

Giuliana Quinto -The dark side of #MeToo

Parker, Kathleen. “A #MeToo Backlash Is Inevitable.” The Washington Post, 2 Feb. 2018, www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/a-metoo-backlash-is-inevitable/2018/02/02/51d2d626-0860-11e8-b48c-b07fea957bd5_story.html?utm_term=.f08130d06713

This is a popular secondary source opinion piece in the Washington Post about the flawed methodology many participators in the Me Too movement seen to be contributing to. Described as a "high-tech lynch mob", many women are getting their own form of vigilante justice by using social media to publicly out their abusers and have the public attack the accused via social media. Parker argues there are many pros to the Me Too Movement, but this aspect is bound to face backlash from a legal standpoint because the accusers are bypassing fair legal treatment, taking justice into their own hands. I found this helpful in backing up part of Margaret Atwood's statement in calling the actions of the movement similar to a "witch hunt", and echoes Atwood's desire for due process in these cases. Parker also goes into detail about recent accusations that are being debated about online due to the lack of legal evidence. There appears to be a lot of "he said, she said" in these cases. and it is not a productive way to find the truth behind these cases and find true justice in the broken legal system. This would back up my point about the need for better legal accessibility and clarity regarding cases of sexual misconduct.  

Chou, Sophie. “PRI's The World: Millions say Me Too, Not Everyone is equally heard.” PRI, www.pri.org/stories/2018-01-23/millions-say-metoo-not-everyone-heard-equally. Sponsered by The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation and the MacArthur Foundation. Partner of OZY Media.

This is a popular secondary source which features a news article and audio recording about the unheard voices in the Me Too movement. Chou does comparative research to show how celebrity voices are the loudest in this movement, not activists or assault survivors. The research is also critical of the predominately Western presence Me Too has, limiting the voices of women who endure cultural pressures and far more oppressive circumstances. The final point which I found interesting is that stories regarding Me Too are often consumed by the (typically white male) perpetrators and not female voices, which seems counter productive to a movement by and for women. I liked how this article was critical of the common media coverage on Me Too and critiqued the coverage on the movement with statistics to back it up. I could use this article to focus on voices not often heard in the common narrative and focus on those perspectives in my podcast.

Bib: The Sources of Racism - Ignorance and Slavery

Strange, Nyjah. “Ignorance Vs. Racism: A Disease In America.” The Odyssey Online, Odyssey, 31 Aug. 2017, www.theodysseyonline.com/ignorance-vs-racism.

Nyjah Strange’s article discusses the difference between racism and ignorance in America, and how often people intertwine the two. Ignorance, being the lack of knowledge on a particular topic, and racism, which is the “educated” belief that one’s race is better or lesser than another’s, and is hatred based.

This short piece discusses a very important issue which is not addresses often when discussing racism, which is the education process. It is important to educate the population on the rights and wrongs of the world, and to not strictly ridicule and isolate those who simply do not know any better.

 

Loewen, James W. “What Learning About Slavery Can Teach Us About Ourselves.” Teaching Tolerance, 31 Jan. 2018, www.tolerance.org/magazine/spring-2017/what-learning-about-slavery-can-teach-us-about-ourselves.

Loewen’s piece discusses the relation of slavery and racism in past and today’s teachings, noting the potential complications of teaching it today but noting that it is imperative that we learn about slavery to understand ourselves and racism today. According to Loewen, slavery has influenced many aspects of our modern lives, and ultimately gave rise to racism in form.

I agree with Loewen in regards to the relevance of slavery to racism. A common question asked about racism is how it occurred and what gave rise to its strong root in society. Racism which was legally implemented to allow people of power to dominate and own minorities, and all its principles, are the roots of racism in its pure form, and understanding it is key to understanding racism.

Franchise Filmmaking Bibliography (Week 6)

Jess-Cooke, Carolyn. Film Sequels : Theory and Practice from Hollywood to Bollywood, Edinburgh University Press, 2009. ProQuest Ebook Central. (Scholarly Journal Article)

Currently crawling into universal cinemas and  film festivals, the sequel will be persistently utilized as a vehicle to culturally diverse dialog. Also it is an important illustration, a structure by which memories and also social narratives can be made to flow cross-land over geological chronicled areas. This book's ideas should represent some of the real incredulous contexts inside which sequelisation works by exploring sequel preparation past film industry figures. 

Evers, Kevin. “Hollywood's Obsession with Blockbusters.” Harvard Business Review, Harvard Business Review, 31 July 2014, hbr.org/2013/06/hollywoods-obsession-with-blockbusters.

As concerned illustration studios get fixated on building multimovie establishments with those essential plots, unsophisticated dialogue and well-known characters that pique the interest principally of adolescent young men and foreigners, they’re subsidizing fewer dramatizations and comedies than they once did. The industry’s most rich and inventive periods weren’t determined from blockbusters; they were made by aspiring creative minds who had the plans and also the budget to help the art of cinema by contributing new styles and unique systems independent of the motion picture standard.