Millennials and Social Media

Annotated Bibliography


Grigoriadis, Vanessa. "Opinion | What The Weinstein Effect Can Teach Us About Campus Sexual Assault." Nytimes.Com, 2018,

The article talks about sexual assault on campus. A study shows that the number of students who have come out about sexual assault has risen from 2200 students in 2001 to 6700 students in 2014. The article also states that that the reason more people are reporting sexual assault it is not because it happens more frequent but rather because women or men feel more comfortable reporting it. The definition of sexual assault in the United States is very broad, almost every state having their own laws. The reason why this is important is because it shows that by talking to women and men about sexual assault allows them to feel safer when it comes to reporting it.

Cooney, Samantha. "The Aziz Ansari Allegation Has People Talking About 'Affirmative Consent.' What's That?." Time, 2018,

The article is about affirmative consent, which is when there is a mutual decision among all the participants to engage in sexual activity. Consent is withdrawn when one of the individuals says “no”. This way both individuals must explicitly agree. Another thing that is mentioned in the article is enthusiastic consent, which is about making sure your partner is enjoying what is happening. If one does not have enthusiastic consent is could be due to the person ignoring verbal and nonverbal cues. The reason why this is an important article is because it shows that there is a need for a law that covers everything rather than have people make up their own definition of what they believe consent it.


Zachos, Elaina. "Technology Is Changing The Millennial Brain." Publicsource, 2015,

In this articles, the author talks about a psychologist named Kimberly Young who in studies Interned Addiction Disorder, or IAD for the past 20 years. Someone who is addiction to technology is just as dangerous as other drug addictions. Affecting someone’s social skills, grades and even health because they cannot control their urges to go online. Another interesting piece of information in the article is how the brain of a millennial compares to someone from the baby boom generation. The reason why this articles is significant is due to the information related specifically to millennials which is the group I am focusing on for this assignment.

Bhuvaneswari, and Kavitha. "Impact Of Social Media On Millennials – A Conceptual Study." Apeejay.Edu, 2016,

In this discussion pape,r the author talks about the pros and cons of social media on millennials. Some of the pros of social media are that students can stay in touch much easier especially if they have to work on an assignment. Another pro is that people can interact with each other and connect to one another and that people can exchange information a lot faster and in real time. The author also talks about the cons which are the lack of face to face communication, due to social media students do not know how to interact in the real world. Another con is that social media can be distracting which leads to students wasting their time. One of the biggest issues is cyber bullying, as no one can stop the person from sending a mean message. I think this is an important article as it talks about both the pros and cons of technology on millennials rather than only the negatives.



Przyblyski, Andy. "Facebook, Twitter, Cocaine—Does Social Media Really Have The Same Effect On Us As An Addictive Drug?." Newsweek, 2018,

In this article the author talks about how people are being told that social media is like cocaine, alcohol and cigarettes for a child. She also talks about how social media will affect an individual depends on a lot of things such as personality, and the type of social media they use, but she acknowledges that social media has both a positive outcome as well as a negative one. She also talks about how the media always focuses on the negative aspect of social media, stating that a research has been done that shows that Facebook increases self-esteem. I think this article is really important as it show the bias of media. That they exaggerate things when it comes to social media making it seem like it is something a lot worse than it is.

"The Positive Effects Of Social Media On Teens." Buy Instagram Followers Review | IG Reviews, 2018,

The author talks about the positive side of social media. One of the positives of social media is that teens are informed about current events that are going on in the world. It can improve social skills as it allows teens to talk to their friends and family. It allows them to share their ideas and collaborate with other people. It also allows teenagers to increase their self-confidence. I think that this article is really important as it only focuses on the positive side of social media rather than the negative side of it. The many examples of how social media is a positive thing shows that it is not as bad as people think.


Dewing, Michael. "Current Publications: Information And Communications: Social Media: Who Uses Them?." Lop.Parl.Ca, 2012,

This article is from the Parliament of Canada. The content of the article is statistical information about social media and who uses it. The statistics are divided by age, gender, language groups, new Canadians, urban or rural dwellings and income differences. The reason why this is important as it gives an overview of who uses social media. This is important for my podcast as I am able to see the age groups that use social media the most.

American Society for Training and Development et al. Social Media: The Millennial Perspective. Alexandria, Va, 2010,.

This book looks at social media from a millennial prospective. The statistics mainly focus on how millennials use social media. One of the things that the book shows is the percentage of what do millennials use social media the most, which is to communicate with their friends. The reason why this is significant is because it focuses mainly on millennials. My podcast will mostly deal with how millennials use social media and if it really affects them as much as drugs and alcohol.


Dancyger, Lilly. "Are Teens Replacing Drugs With Social Media?." Rolling Stone, 2016,

The article talks about how millennials are replacing drugs with social media. In the article it talks about how 2015 was one of the years where it had the lowest percentage of teenagers who consume alcohol since the 1990. In a study they have found that getting “likes” on posts activates the brain the same way as intoxication or sexual gratification. I think this is really important as the media clearly sees that alcohol and drug consumption is lower but they still think that social media has the same effect. They even go as far as to say that is it really worth it to spend your time on social media rather than go out with friends and drink. I think this is a really important point as it is clear that people nowadays are not happy with anything that millennials are doing, if they go out with friends and drink they should stay at home because they are being irresponsible but if they stay at home it means that they are addicted to social media.

Bassett, Lauren et al. "Millennials’ Social Media Engagement & Its Effect On Mental Health." Static1.Squarespace.Com, 2016,

This study found that social media does not cause mental illness but it can contribute to it. According to the findings millennials are more likely to be negatively impacted by social media, one of the negatives being the addictive nature of it. Some of the most common mental illnesses in millennials are anxiety and depression. I think this article is really important as it deals with millennials and how social media impacts them and it will help add to my podcast as it also gives a good definition of what social media is.


Van den Eijnden, Regina J.J.M et al. "The Social Media Disorder Scale". Camputers In Human Behaviour, vol 61, 2016, pp. 478-487., doi:10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.038.,

In this article the author talks about social media disorder and how teenagers are actually not addicted to the internet but rather what they can do on the internet and what it offers. As of right now social media disorder is not considered an actual mental illness but according to the article there is more and more evidence that suggests it is a cause especially in teenagers who use smartphones. They also mention that there is less research done about social media and its effect than how games affect someone. The reason why this is important is because it talks about a different view of the social media addiction, this is a good article because it will help me show a different side of social media addiction.

Ahmad, Noor Hazlina et al. "The Role Of Narcissism Facets As Predictors Of Facebook Addiction Among Millennials". Indian Journal Of Commerce And Management Studies, vol 8, no. 2, 2017, pp. 1-6., doi:10.18843/ijcms/v8i2/01. 

In this article the author talks about the link between social media usage and narcissism as well as some of the characteristics of person who suffers from addiction. In the article it talks about how people who use social media a lot specifically Facebook use it as a way to engage in narcissist behavior. Narcissism is defined in the article as a personality disorder in which individuals exhibit: entitlement, exhibitionism, respond to criticism with indifference or rage. Some of the symptoms of social media addiction are withdrawal, Facebook becomes the most important thing in their life, changes the mood of the individual, causes conflict between the person and family or friends. This is a good article because it relates the opinion piece where the author talks about how millennials are more likely to be more narcissistic than the previous generations.


Bechara, Antoine et al. "Examination Of Neural Systems Sub-Serving Facebook “Addiction”". Psychological Reports, vol 115, no. 3, 2014, pp. 675-695. SAGE Publications, doi:10.2466/18.pr0.115c31z8.,

In this article the authors talk about the effect of social media addiction such as sleep deprivation, health issues and many others. The addiction is more common in younger people and adolescents. In their paper they are discussing if being addicted to social media specifically Facebook has the same symptoms as other addictions. They look at how the parts of the brain becoming hyperactive, in some way Facebook can create symptoms that are similar like to the ones of addiction. In the study they have found that Facebook creates addiction like symptoms but it is not exactly the same as a drug addiction. This is important for my podcast as it proves that social media is not exactly as bad as substance abuse which a lot of people claim it to be.

Lewis, Jane, and Anna West. "'Friending': London-Based Undergraduates' Experience Of Facebook". New Media And Society, vol 11, no. 7, 2009, doi:10.1177/1461444809342058.,

In this article the author talks about the friends that we have in real life and those that we have on Facebook. That in our life we on average have around 40 friends but only somewhere around 5 close friends compared to Facebook where people have hundreds of friends. People in everyday life divide friends into different categories but on social media they are all under one. In the article it also talks about the positive aspects of social media such as talking to people close to us that we don’t get to see all the time and even knowing what your other friends are doing without having to have a conversation with them. In the study done some people started using Facebook because others are using it. A lot of the time they spend “stalking” someone’s profile.  Others use it to keep up with all their friends. The people talking part in the survey also talk about how the people someone adds on Facebook don’t necessarily mean that they are your closest friends. I think this article is really important as it shows people who use social media but are not completely taking the idea of ‘friends’ on Facebook seriously and see social media as a positive platform not only something negative.




Episode Pitch

The definition of an addiction is the state or condition of being dedicated or devoted to a thing. (OED)

Tony Rao in his article titled “Social media is as harmful as alcohol and drugs for millennials”, millennials being born between 1985 and 2005. He argues that social media is the new thing that people are addicted to rather than alcohol and drugs like the older generations. In his article he talks about how social media is a lot more harmful to younger people than older people as it not only effects one’s sleep but it also leads to depression and loneliness.Mr. Rao also says that people that use social media rely on what others think of them. In his article he talks about a study that found narcissism in millennials particularly college students to be higher than previous generations. He also says that millennials find it more desirable to spend time on social media than going out to a pub with their friends. He concludes by saying that there “no treatment for social media addiction”, and that there is no is no classification for it like there is for substance misuse.

Firstly, I think that no matter what millennials do, people won’t be happy. If they go hang out with their friends, people believe that they go out too much and that they should spend more time at home, but if they spend time at home and go on social media that is also not good as it immediately means that they are addicted. Another thing that is very important is that labelling an entire generation is not good as not everyone uses social media the same way or as much as everyone.  There is also a trend in the media that they only show the negative effects of social media never what positive effects of it. Times have changed, social media allows people to connect with their friends from all over the world but also allows them to be more informed about what is going on in the world.2It is also important to note that there has never been a study done that looks at the effects of drugs and social media and it will never be don’t as one cannot compare the effect of a drug to the effects of social media. I do know that social media does have negative effects but nowhere as much as alcohol and drugs.