The Truth About DiaMEATes.

Episode Pitch 

Transcript : 

       Have you ever heard of the Paleo, Atkins or Ketogenic diet? Those diets are all high in protein, low in carbs and are intended to help you lose weight and better your health. But what if I told you that wasn't the case? What if I told you that those diets actually do more harm than good?

     This whole idea came to me when I heard my dad talking to his friend who was in pre-diabetes explaining to them, by eating a high protein diet it can actually help them reverse the effects of diabetes. Now, I knew that I had to do more research on this in order to "Humbly" prove him wrong, but where would I start? Well, I started by watching this documentary called "What the health" and it explained all the topics I was curious about. I then researched about articles that were based on this documentary and I actually found one called "Sugar does not cause diabetes". Did the film what the health get it right?

       This article is written by Joel Kahn who is a professor of cardiology. He first goes on to explain that type one diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which a person can't produce insulin therefore not being able to process the sugar needed. So this usually isn't a dietary disease, it's usually based on genetics and people who have type 1 diabetes can't help it, they're usually predisposed to it (Kahn 3). Now, type 2 diabetes is totally caused by dietary and what you are consuming and putting into your body. But, everyone seems to believe that sugar is the main culprit of type 2 diabetes, if you consume a lot of sugar then you're gonna get diabetes. But, I'm here to tell you that, that is not the case.

       Actually, Diets that are rich in fat raise your blood sugar more than sugar-rich diets. Nearly 100 years ago healthy volunteers were fed diets rich in fat and rich in carbs and the people who were eating fat-rich diets their blood sugar skyrocketed to twice the amount than initially recorded (Kahn 6). This podcast is intended to open your eyes about the truth about type 2 diabetes and its correlation with meat. It is much easier to learn about how to prevent than how to take care of. My name is Riana Caggianiello, and this is The Truth About DiaMEATes... Pun absolutely intended.

Kahn, Joel. “"Sugar Does Not Cause Diabetes": Did the Film What the Health Get it Right?” Thrive Global, Thrive Global, 8 Aug. 2017,


Annotated Bibliographies 

Cohut, Maria. “High meat intake increases diabetes risk, study shows.” Medical News Today,   MediLexicon International,  6 Sept. 2017.   

       This source is about the risk factors eating meat has on your health. More importantly, how red meat increases your risk for diabetes. eating red meat, raises a persons diabetes risk by 23 percent, and even poultry, which is considered to be "healthy" raises the risk by 15 percent. This source is relevant to my topic because I want to discuss how the beliefs that sugar causes diabetes are in fact false. It is a common misconception and a dangerous one because adults eat meat, thinking it is doing them good, when in reality, it is raising their cholesterol and putting them at risk for many diseases. I think this article will help people understand that their knowledge to what they are consuming may be wrong. 


Shaw, Jonathan. “A Diabetes Link to Meat.” Harvard Magazine, 3 Mar. 2014.

     This source is based on the research from Harvard and is further diving into the side effects of eating meat and how it not only increases your risks of heart disease, but diabetes as well. It explains how red meat is harmful and why is causes the increase in diabetes. a lot of the compounds in Red meat are known to create an insulin resistance, thus creating a body that can no longer process sugar. This article is important to my topic because very few people know why meat is not a health food. The research done in this piece is very extensive and greatly helps my case when trying to convince people that sugar is not the sole cause of diabetes. 


Song, Yiqing, et al. "A prospective study of red meat consumption and type 2 diabetes in middle-aged and elderly women." Diabetes care 27.9 (2004): 2108-2115.

     This article is intended to asses the relationship between the consumption of red meat and diabetes, more specifically, Type 2. The article is surrounded by woman between middle aged and elderly and discusses the statistics that were found when assessing their meat intake and their risk of getting Type 2 diabetes. This article is essential for my podcast because is give the statistics of woman when eating red meat and how the risk of diabetes increases the more meat consumed. People need to see stats in order to believe what they are reading. We cannot as intelligent human beings, trust a source that has no proof of what they are talking about. This will help me prove to my audience that there is in fact a correlation between diabetes and meat. 


Van Dam, Rob M., et al. "Dietary fat and meat intake in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men." Diabetes care 25.3 (2002): 417-424.

     Like the article above this one, this article revolves around the relation between meat consumption and diabetes in men. The conclusion form this article is that is was shown, men who intake more processed meat are more likely to develop Type 2 diabetes in their lifetime. This article will give me a broader sense of statistics and will help me prove to not just women but men that there is a risk factor in eating meat. I want my podcast to reach out to everyone because Type 2 diabetes is a disease that can affect anyone and it is important for people to know the risks and how to prevent it.


Snowdon, David A., and Roland L. Phillips. "Does a vegetarian diet reduce the occurrence of diabetes?." American Journal of Public Health 75.5 (1985): 507-512.

     This source examines the vegetarianism lifestyle and how it can decrease your risk of type 2 diabetes. It explains how the risk of diabetes is an underlying cause of death and how the chances of getting diabetes was significantly lower in vegetarians than in non-vegetarians. This source is going to benefit my podcast because I, myself am a vegetarian and although I am not forcing a particular diet on someone else, I want to give them options if so needed. People who may have type 2 diabetes in their genetics, or are already in pre-diabetes should have options as to what they should do and why they should do it. I just want to make clear that I am in no way forcing vegetarianism or veganism on my audience, I simple just want them to feel informed. 


Erber, Eva, et al. "Dietary patterns and risk for diabetes: the multiethnic cohort." Diabetes Care 33.3 (2010): 532-538. 

     This source is from the American Diabetes Association and reviews the correlation of Diets and the risk of diabetes. They reviewed the dietary patterns of "fat and meat," "vegetables," and fruit and milk." It then comes to the conclusion that fat and meat was the most significant associated diet with type 2 diabetes.  This source is important to include because it can help me explain to the viewers that although different diets can be associated with diabetes, and meat is not the only food to blame, it has a significant effect on people who consume it regularly. This source creates a different perspective and delves in to diets other than a high protein diet or a high sugar one. 


Jiang, Rui, et al. "Dietary iron intake and blood donations in relation to risk of type 2 diabetes in men: a prospective cohort study." The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 79.1 (2004): 70-75.

     This source researches the correlation between iron and diabetes. It also focuses on blood donations and the iron incident. The study examines patients through a 12 year span and came to the conclusion that there were no relations between the two matters. I chose this article because even though there was no proven case, I decided to use it as a way to keep my podcast unbiased and broaden my range of knowledge. However the heme-iron intake is positively associated with type 2 diabetes.  Even with the previous study there was still evidence of an association between higher heme- iron levels and a higher risk of diabetes. 


Kim, Yoona, Jennifer Keogh, and Peter Clifton. "A review of potential metabolic etiologies of the observed association between red meat consumption and development of type 2 diabetes mellitus." Metabolism-Clinical and Experimental 64.7 (2015): 768-779.

     This source is beneficial to my podcast because it examines the resistance to insulin that comes with a higher intake of red meat. Type 2 diabetes is an insulin resistance and your body can no longer make the insulin needed to moderate a persons blood sugar. this article explains how consuming red meat can lead to insulin resistance and what factors go into it. I am using this source in order to show people what exactly diabetes is because the more they understand the disease and how common and easy it actually is to get it if you don't take care of yourself, they will be more inclined to educate themselves and learn how to prevent. I believe that preventing is easier than learning to live with this disease, especially when it can be avoided. 


“Diabetes.”, 20 Jan. 2012,

       This source is a government source from government Canada. The source goes into detail about what diabetes is and the different types of diabetes. It explains type one diabetes, type 2 diabetes (which is what my podcast is about) and gestational diabetes. This source is very important for my podcast because in order for people to actually care about the affects red meat has and its links to type 2 diabetes, one has to know what diabetes actually is. Diabetes is a real disease and no one is immune to it. However everyone can prevent but you cant prevent a disease you know nothing about.  



Jill DaviesHelen Lightowler, (1998) "Plant‐based alternatives to meat", Nutrition & Food Science, Vol. 98 Issue: 2, pp.90-94,

       This source states the alternatives to eating meat. Many people assume that meat gives you nutrients you cant get sufficiently anywhere else. This article tells readers that there are many plant based alternatives where you can get the same nutrients. The biggest concern with not eating meat is not getting enough protein, but the fact of the matter is, a person can get protein in many other foods. The article gives the reader different options such as  soya beans; wheat protein; pea and wheat protein; and myco‐protein. The reason why I am including this article in my podcast is because I want my listeners to understand that there are many different alternatives and just because its not meat doesn't mean its not packed with nutrients, more specifically, protein. One should not feel confused when trying to transition from solely a meat based diet to a diet with less meat but the same amount of nutrients and much more beneficial to their long term health. 


Liu, Gang, et al. "Meat Cooking Methods and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes: Results From Three Prospective Cohort Studies." Diabetes care (2018): dc171992.

       This source examines the correlation between the way meat is being cooked and the risk of type 2 diabetes. This study followed men and women who were free of diabetes, heart disease, and cancer at the beginning and compared the different ways they cooked their meat, wether that was by an open flame and/or high temperature cooking. They also compared the way it was consumed, wether that be rare, medium or well done.  At the end of this study they would examine if there were increased health risks in the people that consumed animal flesh at least two times a week. The reason why I am including this source in my podcast is because I want to inform people that even if they insist on eating meat, the way it is being cooked can also affect their health and increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. It is common sense that undercooked meat is bad, but why its bad is what I want people to be informed of. This information is meant to give my audience a bigger perspective on how easy it is to make bad choices regarding what they're eating and how they are eating it. 


Ekmekcioglu, Cem, et al. "Red meat, diseases, and healthy alternatives: A critical review." Critical reviews in food science and nutrition 58.2 (2018): 247-261.

       This source informs its readers that even though eating meat can have some health benefits, the risks when intaking too much can be detrimental to ones health. The increased risk of type 2 diabetes, heart disease, cancer and many other health issues, can outweigh the minimal benefits eating meat gives someone. They discuss various potential mechanisms involved in the increased disease risk. Nearing the end they also begin to go through alternatives to eating meat and the benefits that come from eating other foods such as, nuts, vegetables and fruits, pulses and legumes. I want to include this source in my podcast because when a lot of people start to cut out meat from their diet, they often don't know how to properly replenish the nutrients in their bodies. This causes them to feel more fatigue and unable to concentrate, along with numerous other side affects. This will eventually cause them to stray form this new diet and go back to old dangerous habits. However, if a person is able to eat the nutrients they need, they will be less likely to go back to eating meat and will feel even better than before. 


Chiu, Tina HT, et al. "Vegetarian diet, change in dietary patterns, and diabetes risk: a prospective study." Nutrition & diabetes 8.1 (2018): 12.

       This source goes into further depth of the vegetarian diet and its lower risk for acquiring type 2 diabetes. However, instead of focusing on American statistics they focus  the impact on Asians.  The delve into the impact of a vegetarian diet and the change of dietary patterns in a Taiwanese Buddhist population. They compare the health risks of people who have been consistent vegetarians versus the health risks of people who have recently transitioned to vegetarianism. I am including this source because I want to show my audience proven fact that eating a diet with no animal protein reduces the risk of diabetes. I like that they compare people who have been vegetarian to people who have recently became vegetarians because it shows that its never too late to lower your risk.  Even eating a diet with less meat would lower the risk of type 2 diabetes. 


Givens, D. Ian. "Dairy foods, red meat and processed meat in the diet: implications for health at key life stages." animal(2018): 1-13.

       This sources focuses on different dietary patterns and their affects on different stages in a persons life. It goes through a persons diet and what their eating at a certain age can affect their health at a later age. the different health risks can vary from age to age as a person who is younger and eating meat may have a lower risk of type 2 diabetes than a person who is older. I've decided to include this source into my podcast because viewers of any age will be able to relate to this. It can warn a person who may be younger or it can help a person who is older. I want my podcast to be imformative and engaging to viewers of all ages and I want to make sure everyone can leave my podcast with more knowledge than what they had before listening. 












BY: Riana Caggianiello