Phase Three

Week 9: Standout Sources

During my research, I have found both scholarly and popular sources that promise to be helpful. They either help me to explain fanfiction as a unique storytelling mode, or provide important information that I will need to use to discuss Fifty Shades of Grey.

“Mature Poets Steal: Children’s Literature and the Unpublishability of Fanfiction” by Catherine Tosenberger does an excellent job of exploring fanfiction’s different qualities, and especially is good for explaining what makes it different from the source materials that it borrows from. Since I will need to spend some time explaining the nuances of the community, this article will be a great help as a source. I can use it to examine Fifty Shades of Grey as a fanfiction, and how it stems from the community based on fanfiction’s unique characteristics.

Another article, “Framing the Future of Fanfiction: How the New York Times’ Portrayal of a Youth Media Subculture Influences Beliefs about Media Literacy Education” by Drew Emanuel Berkowitz is shaping up to be useful as well. This article spends some time discussing the commodification of fanfiction, which is essential for my topic as the sales of Fifty Shades of Grey is a crucial part of the book’s notoreity. I can use this article as a gateway for discussing the recent trend of selling fanfiction, and the ramifications of that.

As for popular sources, I have many that are good as supporting evidence for my claims, and a few that have interesting arguments of their own. “Fifty Shades of Green: How Fanfiction Went From Dirty Little Secret to Money Machine” by Hayley C. Cuccinello at Forbes further looks at the money side of things regarding Fifty Shades of Grey, and the commercialization of fanfiction. Meanwhile, “Fifty Shades of Grey courts controversy with depiction of 'emotional abuse'“ at CBC provides a picture of Fifty Shades of Grey’s romanticized abuse, which is the harmful aspect of the book that I’ll be criticizing in the podcast.

All of these relate to either fanfiction or Fifty Shades of Grey, although I plan on finding a few more sources for a periphery argument around the good that fanfiction has done that I have in the works.

A lot of these sources can be used as characters representing attitudes around fanfiction and Fifty Shades of Grey. Tosenberger and Berkowitz show attitudes that stand against the commercialization process, so they might be useful as characters arguing against it. The CBC article can be a character representing those people who find Fifty Shades of Grey deeply problematic, a concept that I will probably be dealing with in the podcast, as well as being a character that confronts fanfiction as capable of being problematic.

Being used to academic writing by now, I’ll admit that figuring out how to write sources as characters is challenging. However, it has made it possible for me to think about the podcast as storytelling, rather than persuading or arguing. If the sources have opinions, then I need to think about how they would tell their opinions best, and relate it to shifting through opinions to find the truth.

Phase 3

The most helpful source that has come my way is the people I will interview. These are real life sources which put a level up to my podcast. They will be secondary characters in the podcast speaking on there own experience. Since they are real people giving real first hand experience they are important characters that are using there own voice. 

However some important sources I have encountered online are actual pageant websites. The most important and main one that stands out to me is The information on here proves the point to pageants being more than just looks. This will be a character in my podcast. The character of “Miss Universe Canada.” The Miss World Canada  blog is also a very great source as well as it is the actual winner talking about what she is doing with her title. Its a great source for me as it answers so many questions I could ask miss world Canada without having to personally ask. The blog is first hand written by miss world Canada which will also make her a character in this podcast. 

First hand sources are the most useful and relevant and positive for me.


Phase 3: Coming to an end..

Recap of phase 2:

Week 5: Popular sources & keywords .. Week 6: Scholarly sources & different databases ... Week 7: Government & institutional sources .. Week 8: The outline of the podcast

Week 9: Useful sources & the characters they play.

Let’s say you want to conduct research about bananas. One article may answer why banana’s turn black after a while. Another article may answer how bananas grow on the tree. Each article is looking at different aspects of the same topic, bananas. They probably also both connect with each other in someway. You see this happening in the outline of my podcast where each question about Surveillance Capitalism is answered by different articles.

Usually, just one article will not answer all the questions that someone might have about a specific issue. It is important to make sure one’s research includes more than one article because different authors may have different explanations, different research method, different questions in their head that they want to answer.

Phase 3

Week 9

Throughout my research about the topics youth crime and mental health. I have found a number of sources but there are a few that I think is outstanding. Most of the sources represent the character that support my argument that there is a connection between youth crime and mental illness. The first source is a periodical article called “A Cure for Crime: Can Mental Health Treatment Diversion Reduce Crime among Youth?” written by Alison Evans Cuellar, Larkin S. McReynolds and Gail A. Wasserman. This source simply states that a high number of youth offenders who are in the justice juvenile system have mental illnesses. It gives examples of what kinds of mental disorders are considered to be the causes of delinquent behaviours for adolescents. It also gives datas that compare the number of samples who get re-arrested and have mental illnesses at the same time. This can be an evidence of one of the arguments that’s made in the opinion piece. I can also use this information in the podcast in the middle section where I will be explaining how mental problems link to delinquent behaviours.

My second significant source is also a periodical article, which is called “Youth with mental health disorders: Issues with emerging responses”, administered by John J. Wilson. This article also suggested that youths in the justice juvenile system are experiencing mental disorders. This article and the my first outstanding article supports each other’s arguments with slightly different evidences. Other than stating how a high number of youth offenders are suffering from mental illnesses, it also suggested strategies that the justice juvenile system has been working on or should be working on.

My third character source is a Ted Talk “Mental Health in the Age of Violence” by Dr. Elliott Ingersol. Dr Ingersol has talked about the connection between mental health and violent behaviours using a several perspectives. One topic that he focused on was the “word magic” which is defined by him as using words to give an illusion of certainty where in fact there is no certainty. For example, drug companies are using word magic to “brand” some of the mental disorders that they claim can be healed by the drugs they sell, in order to maximize the profit. "We're medicating the symptom but we're not getting to the root." This is a very good quote I can use in my podcast to talk about how youth mental health is not being treated right.

Phase Three: Wrap it Up

Post 1: Authors as Characters?

Utilizing sources as individual voices is a very interesting approach I have never considered until this course, and particularly, last week’s lecture. Three particular sources are standing out as the main characters which I would like to include in my final podcast. Linda Hutcheon’s “On the Art of Adaptation”, Robert Rozema’s “The Book Report, Version 2.0: Podcasting on Young Adult Novels”, and David B. Daniel and William Douglas Woody’s “They Hear, But Do Not Listen: Retention for Podcasted Material in a Classroom Context.”

Linda Hutcheon is a reputable individual who is a professor at the University of Toronto. She studies in the fields of literary theory and criticism, which makes her an excellent authority of my podcast. Linda’s piece written for Daedalus supports my viewpoints on audiobooks as adaptations, and her text was a chief contributor to my argument. Utilizing Linda’s piece as a supporting text for my arguments characterizes her in my podcast as a supporting individual. Her piece does not specifically allude to adaptations falling into one or a few categories such as television, plays, or films, but rather that forms of adaptations are themselves adapting to modern times, and we as the creators and consumers of these adaptations need to embrace them. Therefore, her voice is an excellent one for me to use when formatting my final podcast.

Two (three) secondary voices I will be using are Robert Rozema and David B. Daniel and William Douglas Woody. These characters are being grouped into a secondary category because their textual subject matter is very similar, and builds upon Hutcheon’s text by expanding the concept of adaptations to encompass the podcast, and audiobook. Daniel and Woody provide important knowledge pertaining to audiobooks and the use of podcasted material in a classroom. These characters are important when I consider audiobooks in a learning environment, and when interviewing my two interviewees.

Rozema is the final character in my podcast, as he circles all of the information back into one single and consumer-friendly text. His article focuses on learning, audiobooks, and podcasts, and is a great summation to my episode. His voice will be helpful to prompt further discussion, that being that audiobooks as adaptations move forth into podcasts.

Interestingly enough, my previous English courses have asked us to remove the writer from the text, “The writer of the text is not the narrator,” etc. etc. Having to return to texts as being the voice of the author will be a challenge. However, I feel that podcasting is a fun way to approach this challenge because we can actually verbally quote the authors and not just copy what they have written. Considering the authors of the above texts as characters allows me to produce an emotion for the texts, and position my quotes conversationally throughout my podcast, rather than just name dropping authors and quoting obnoxious sources. This characterization really helps to personalize the podcast, and create a relatable approach with my audience.

Post 2: Sound

Podcasts are harder to record and create than I at first assumed them to be. It took a while to get used to the sound of my voice, especially how to talk into a microphone. It was difficult at first as the microphone can’t be too far or too close, and I sometimes like to move around while reading, it was hard to ensure a stable sound.

I am currently still working on my podcast and will update this blog post once I have a fully edited clip.

Phase 3 - Production

Week 9 - A Source of Character

Throughout my research, I’ve found numerable sources regarding various topics related to my podcast, some with more distinctive pieces of information and some with overlap. However, there are a few sources that stand out enough to act as their own “characters” within my podcast. My podcast’s main topic regards LGBTQA+ erasure from children’s media, and a useful character source that I found was the book LGBTQ Issues in Education: Advancing a Research Agenda, written by George L. Wimberly as a main contributor. Wimberly is the Director of Professional Development and Diversity Officer at the American Educational Research Association (AERA), and his book delves into emerging research and concerns regarding LGBTQA+ topics in school and with students, teachers, and their families. As children spend most of their time in a school setting, and with media becoming a prominent tool in contemporary education, I found this source to useful when considering how LGBTQA+ topics in school could reflect its use in children’s media.

Another useful character source I found is a paper called Children, Adolescents, and the Media, written by the Council on Communications and Media, of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP). The Council on Communications and Media is a group of pediatricians who meet together for the sole purpose of communicating and understanding how contemporary media affects the lives of children. The paper Children, Adolescents, and the Media is a research letter describing both the potential positive and negative affects of contemporary media on children and adolescents, with one of the main potential positives being the media’s use as a tool for both education and representation.

The final character source I want to discuss is actually a series of video essay created by YouTube critic, Lily Orchard. Orchard has been a prominent critic amongst the themes and representation presented in children’s media, one popular enough that the staff behind the show “My Little Pony: Friendship is Magic” made a caricature out of her in one of their episodes. Orchard prominently discusses various subjects regarding LGBTQA+ representation in her Glass of Water series, specifically the episode Glass of Water – Not Good Enough, which describes not only the lack of LGBTQA+ representation in children’s media, but also the lack of respect for the LGBTQA+ characters that do exist. All of these character sources have played a major role in my research thus far, and through further reflection they may prove valuable character sources for my podcast.

Council on Communications and Media. (2013). Children, Adolescents, and the Media. Pediatrics,132(5), 958-961.


Orchard, L. (Lily Orchard). (2018, December 19). Glass of Water - Not Good Enough [Video file]. Retrieved from

Wimberly, G. L. (2015). LGBTQ Issues in Education: Advancing a Research Agenda. Washington, DC: American Educational Research


Phase 3

Week 9: Sources as characters

I believe that in order to work as characters, sources need to be dialogical, meaning that citing and discussing a source will dynamically move the discourse further. The following source, in its turn, will answer or deepen the questions posed by the previous one. This scheme mimics the dialogue between people, almost animating the texts with their authors’ voices and making them talk to each other.

As in my podcast I am looking into the issue of wellness cult from both sides – consumer’s side and industry’s side – my “character-sources“ will reflect that. Starting with the perspective of the industry, I will first introduce some statistical information about the amounts of money involved in the market (retrieved from industry reports), and then proceed with introducing my first character-source: an article Why Wellness Is the New Way to Look, Feel, and Act Rich by Marisa Meltzer. This article explores various business models that are implemented by wellness industry today, and it contains some brilliant observations. For example, Marisa compares modern wellness movement to a religion of sorts, and cleverly notices that everyone needs a priest when wellness is a religion. That refers to a market of personal couching, wellness-counselling, family naturopaths etc. The article also mentions the idea of “throwing enough money at the problem”, which refers to a way of believing that if you just spend more, your health and wellbeing will get proportionally better. This is basically the main market strategy of wellness-gimmicks, as well as the main consuming motive for laypeople. Therefore, the piece serves as a good transition from discussing industry to discussing consumer and his vulnerabilities.

Looking deeper into how do we fall into the traps posed by the industry, I will introduce my next two character sources: Cultural Cognition of Scientific Consensus by D.M. Khan (Journal of Risk Research) and On Pixels, Perceptions, and Personae: Toward a Model of Online Ethos by Todd Frobish.
The work by Khan explores how our cultural backgrounds affect our perception of scientific authority and reveals how people of different socio-cultural background perceive credibility differently.
Frobish outlines the basic principles of online ethos (which turn out to be not very different from classical Greek rhetorical principles). This source will help in discussing how the wellness cult representatives and proponents create personas that are trusted by people (even though they are often not health specialists at all), and also look into why actual experts often end up being mistrusted and dismissed.

– Victoria Arakelyan

Phase Three

Week Nine: Useful Sources and the Characteristics They Play

As I get closer to producing my final podcast, I have come across many great useful sources throughout that I can say have been my favourite, and that have helped me a lot throughout the research process. Having good sources when it comes to a big assignment like this one is so important. Good sources not only help with the assignment portion, they also really educate the person doing the assignment to learn more about the topic they are doing. My favourite part about this class was the fact that we got to chose whatever topic we wanted to make our podcast on. This was fun for me because I chose a topic that I not only wanted to make my podcast on, but one that I wanted to learn more about.

Some sources that were very useful to me were; Science Vs because they have many different podcasts that I can listen to and use as an example to help me with my podcast. I definitely listened to some of their podcasts and those examples helped me a lot when it came to learning how to create my own. Other sources that helped me a lot were articles such as the “UPMC Health Beat” which explains the five types of mental illnesses that exist, also the “Canadian Mental Health Association” article, the “World Health Organization” article, wikipedia, an article called “Help Guide,” and scholarly sources/ articles on stigma against mental health. All these sources really broadened my understanding and helped me understand more and more about my topic. I was always curious on this topic and wanting to learn more and I definitely learned so much through the research I did. I even became more and more fascinated by this topic and it made me want to help people and spread the word on the importance of bringing awareness on stigma against mental health.

Phase 3: Revenge of the Blog Posts

Week Nine

As I construct my actual podcast, many sources have begun to stand out to me as useful concerning sources of information as well as allowing me to make sure that all of the information I use is correct and relevant to the topic at hand. One of them that I use extensively is Science Vs. It is a great example of how to run a podcast, and most of my podcast outline and template is based off of it. As a form of sources, I have constantly found that Forbes magazine and Entertainment Weekly both have several different articles on my topic, as well as how to actually run a podcast. I have cited these several different times when I’m planning out my actual script for my podcast.

Using these sources as so-called “characters” in my podcast could be done by simply citing them when I’m talking through my script. Introducing these sources, and then calling back to them later in the podcast would give the audience a sense of continuity as they listen to the podcast. Citing them through examples such as statistics that is given on their articles or through other cites lends to their credibility, and lets the audience know that they can trust them.

PHASE 3- The Final Countdown

As I am beginning to get ready to record my podcast, I am going over the sources I find useful to include. Some of these sources I have always had since the first phase of this project, and some I have recently discovered.

The first source is an online magazine article from Variety Fair titled Despite Dollars in Diversity, Hollywood Still Averse to Making, found at This article examines how Hollywood is treating black films, like Black Panther, and questions if it truly receives the same treatment as a white film, like A Star is Born. The article connects to my podcast through the questions the writer (Lopez) asks the reader. For example: Is Black Panther enough to change the way Hollywood makes its films? In my podcast, I want to answer this question as clearly as possible, drawing on the Forever 21 controversy over a white model wearing a Wakanda sweater and how that small act impacted many fans/the black community. This article I found at Cosmopolitan, titled Forever 21 Just Apologized for Using a White Model to Sell a 'Black Panther' Sweater. Retrieved from I also want to answer this question using a fan’s voice; what a fan of the movie thought about the message the film was trying to convey, and if it was enough to cause a movement.

A second source I found very helpful was discovered on JSTOR, titled Hollywood's Appeasement of White Guilt at The online book touches base on Hollywood facts, interviews, analyzations, and budgets from past films to show the lack of diversity in the industry. In the book, the writers argue that 21st-century films have come a long way since How to Kill a Mockingbird, where the film industry produces black stories and has more black representation through actors, writers, costume designers, lighting designers, directors, and so forth. The book connects to my podcast well, as it examines what has been done in the past and how that affects the future of filmmaking. In my podcast, I will examine how much of a shift the movie impacted the industry- using another JSTOR article I found titled, The Globalization of Hollywood ( ventures-of-huckleberry-finn) to back up the JSTOR book’s information. The Globalization of Hollywood is an article that proves Hollywood films make big impacts on people’s lives, depending on what stories are being told. It is in my podcast that I will try and prove that Black Panther is a film that has made such an impact on the black community, as well as helped Hollywood become more inclusive.

Some of my sources will stand out as a secondary character in my podcast. Through the information I will provide for my readers, will highlight these articles/opinion pieces as the source of where I am finding my conclusions. I will introduce every source I use to prove my argument by stating the article’s title, author, and where I found it. Through introducing my findings to the listeners, will prove that I have done the proper research and make myself credible to my thoughts. Sources, in my opinion, are the key to new (self-made) discoveries. Without sources, we will never come up with our own opinions that are inspired by these concepts. The writers who come up with their own arguments/thesis through writing are just as credible as a speaker saying their opinions to a crowd of people. Sources are a secondary character when used in a podcast, and with the right introductory and transition from one source to the next, will prove to be successful.

Phase Two

Week Five:

When it comes to finding sources to use for an assignment or project, there are different types of sources you’ll come across. One source you’ll find is a “popular” source. In comparison to a scholarly source, this source wasn’t written with the projection of being used for scholarly purposes and was created more so for the purpose of popular consumption. “Popular” sources can range from journalism, social media, and independent blogs. Even though popular sources aren’t intended for scholarly purposes, they can be found useful as they are easy to find, typically user friendly, provide the opinions of others and not all are unreliable.

With any source such as a “popular” source, you need to use effective methods to evaluate the credibility of it and one method would be to use the PARCA test. This test makes you question and evaluate the purpose, authority, relevance, accuracy and currency of a popular source which in the end allows you to make a conclusion on if it's credible or not.

A keyword can be defined as a word or concept of great significance. In the context of sources, using a keyword helps you identify the main concept of your topic, and becomes the main focus of what your search results will bring up therefore providing you with research that is based around solely what you are looking for. Some keywords I’ve been utilizing among multiple search engines for my blog have been health, wellness and others based around that.

Week Six:

Trying to find scholarly resources about my topic has proven to be quite difficult as it's such a broad topic that not many people are discussing in scholarly articles. Many of the resources that i've been able to find have been mainly either people trying out wellness trends and their results, or the discussions/debunking of these trends and how they usually aren’t actually improving your life and health quality, but, they aren’t scholarly.

As I mentioned earlier, finding scholarly resources which are sources that are written by experts in certain fields, has proven to be difficult, but I did manage to find two.  My podcast will be mainly focusing on how damaging many of these health trends are, and how people fall for them with the use of celebrity influencers such as Gwyneth Paltrow etc. By using keywords such as Gwyneth Paltrow and wellness I was able to find my first source. The first one I found is a journal called Wellbeing, a macro lens,  written by Anni Hood, and it covers the growing trend of wellness, the industry as a whole, different types of trends etc. This has proven to be useful to me because it shows me more of the industry side of the wellness trend rather than the biased opinions of others.

The Second scholarly resource that I found was a case study by Keerthana Kesavarapu, Mitchell Kang, Jaewook James Shin, and KennethRothstein, where they wrote about detox teas in their case study Yogi Detox Tea: A Potential Cause of Acute Liver Failure.  In the case study, they follow a 60 year old and her symptoms after taking a detox tea that was unregulated by her health physician. This source is rather important to me because it talks about detox teas, which are almost seen daily in today’s society due to the growing wellness trend. I Was able to find this source on google scholar by using terms such a detox and teas.


Hood, A. (2018). Wellbeing – a macro lens. International Journal of Spa and Wellness, 1(1), 100-105. doi:10.1080/24721735.2018.1438570

Keerthana Kesavarapu, Mitchell Kang, Jaewook James Shin, and Kenneth Rothstein, “Yogi Detox Tea: A Potential Cause of Acute Liver Failure,” Case Reports in Gastrointestinal Medicine, vol. 2017, Article ID 3540756, 4 pages, 2017.

Week Seven:

A few weeks ago while doing research for my podcast, I actually came across many of these types of sources, mainly industry and institutional, and found them to be quite useful. Many of these sources focus mainly on statistics and numbers, aka quantitative data, which has helped me grasp certain details about the wellness industry such as how large it actually is, how much money it brings in etc. I believe these types of resources really help strengthen and support your claims as utilizing statistics makes it hard to argue against and makes you more believable which in turn makes the listener trust what you’re saying and further helps prove your points.

During my research I came across the global wellness institute, which is basically an online database solely surrounding the wellness industry. It has a vast amount of reports varying from wellness tourism, wellness communities, etc. The reports I chose to focus on mostly were those about the wellness global economy. From this report, I was able to find statistics and graphs such as:

Screen Shot 2019-03-09 at 3.52.33 PM.png
Screen Shot 2019-03-09 at 3.59.06 PM.png

These types of statistics would be helpful for me to give an idea to my listeners how big the wellness market actually is. This website also has an area dedicated solely to the types of wellness trends that are emerging seen in the photo below:

Screen Shot 2019-03-09 at 4.04.50 PM.png

In my final podcast, I will definitely be using sources such as these to further support my claims and arguments thus giving them some strength and credibility. Sources like this shouldn’t be overlooked as they add a lot of value to your final product.


Week Eight:

Podcast outline:

Phase Two

Blog 5 - What The Heck is a Primary Source?

From what I know, a popular source is a credible source that has not been published for scholarly purposes and has not undergone peer-review. What separates the popular sources from the scholarly is their inherent bias that can go unchecked by the average reader. As with anything commodified, popular sources have an idea that is being sold. Therefore, the average researcher has to be aware of these biases going into their analysis of the source. With this in mind, I set out to find some books at my most recent trip to Indigo.

I know what you’re thinking: why buy a book? My answer to you is two-fold: buying the books helps support Indigenous authors and shows a consumer demand for Indigenous literature. Since I had the means to buy the books, I was more than happy to purchase! Also, I am a literary goblin who owns way too many books. Naturally, this means I’m always happy to add more (and more, and more… and more) to my collection. Anyways, I digress.

The Indigo at Yorkdale had a small shelf showcasing Indigenous authors. While a great deal of the books were fiction or children’s books, I found two great popular sources for my podcast topic: My Conversations with Canadians by Lee Maracle and 21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act by Bob Joseph.

My Conversation with Canadians is a collection of essays that recount conversations she’s had with real Canadians over the years. It begins with one question Maracle heard in 19__, and the many ways she has tried to answer it over her years as a writer and speaker. This popular source has given me insight on the Indigenous experience and how Indigenous people relate to settlers like me.

While I may not have had the chance to read 21 Things You May Not Know About the Indian Act yet, it was written by an industry professional who’s life’s work is to create space for Indigenous people in the work place. This source is extensively researched, therefore I plan to use it when I mention the Indian Act in my podcast. I know I can take the information in this popular source at face value and use the bibliography to find other helpful sources. Speaking of credibility…

You can establish a source’s credibility in variety of ways. One helpful way I have checked a source’s credibility is by reading credible reviews on it. If the reviews are from reputable publications such as the Washington Post or the New York Times, it is likely that the source has some merit in the public sphere. Another method of establishing credibility is by searching a source for references: these can be in the form of a works cited/bibliography, hyperlinks or footnotes. You can also research an author and see what critics have mentioned about them, as well as investigate their area of expertise: a great place to find out some of this information is at the back of the book.  Often times, authors will write an “About Me” paragraph and have links to their respective websites and social media.

With these ideas in mind, it is also important to scan popular sources and research them with keywords. “But what is a keyword?” you may ask. Fear not, because I have a vaguely coherent definition that will make sense of it all. A keyword us a word or small phrase of importance that allows a researcher to navigate databases for specific information. In my research, some of the keywords I have compiled are:

  • Indigenous culture

  • First Nations

  • Indigenous

  • Reconciliation

  • Tangible/Intangible culture

  • National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation

  • Treaties in Canada

  • Indigenous law

  • Colonizer

Blog 6 - Sources of the Scholarly Persuasion

I have found two helpful scholarly sources/databases for my research: the York Libraries Research Guide on First Nations, Metis and Inuit in Canada and the Windsor Secondary Research Guide on First Nations Cultures in Canada. I came across the York libraries guide based off Professor Bell’s walk-through in tutorial, and was thrilled to find an extensive section on Indigenous Studies. It was actually through this York guide that I found the Windsor Secondary Research guide.

My experience with searching with keywords opened my eyes to the importance of the right database. I chose the keywords “culture” and “reconciliation.” I used the “and” boolean operator to make sure the sources that came up pertained to both these subjects. Then, I set out to find a good and a bad database.

I checked the York Libraries Research Guide and found the Bibliography of Native North Americans Database. When I put my keywords into this EBSCO database, I got articles that pertained to my podcast. Some the themes I came across in the articles were residential schools, social impact, theraputic work and apologizing. While I haven’t had the time to dig into these articles, the key subjects outlines in the abstract worked for what I was looking for.

After finding this gem, I used EBSCO to find another database. I came across the Historical Abstracts database, which sounded like a broad yet relevant choice for my topic. However, what I found was far from my topic and heavily-biased towards the colonizer experience. The articles varied in their topical country; I saw articles about Guatemala, Indonesia, Chile and Japan to name a few. However, they covered topics such as the post-WWII relationship between Japan and Germany and the “forced” democracy of Chile. This database seemed heavily biased towards the North American depiction of history, leaving the Indigenous peoples of the United States and Canada out of their narratives.

Blog 7 - Digging into Sources

I can think of many uses for institutional, government and industry sources in my research for my podcast. For my own reference, I am going to break down the subcategories of the question and explain where I can go for what kinds of information.

Government Sources

One of the most useful government sources for any kind of cultural research is Statistics Canada. There are two major uses for statistics: to extrapolate from and make your own claim, or to back up claims from a popular source. An example of how this information has helped my research is when researching Indigenous language in Canada. Upon examining recent censuses of households in Toronto, I had tangible data to help me prove how scarce Indigenous language is in the cultural landscape of a “multicultural” city.

Institutional Sources

There are a couple of uses for institutional sources that I would like to explore. The first source I would like to look into is the Ontario elementary school curriculum regarding Indigenous peoples. As we discussed in class, Indigenous peoples are often described as tribal people of past. We are taught from a young age to think of Indigenous culture and peoples in the past tense, and it would be of great interest to my podcast to see how the school curriculum outlines the depiction of Indigenous Canadians. The other institutional source I plan on using is York’s very own website. I have already scoped out the Indigenous Studies faculty page and found a professor who can provide valuable insight into my topic. According to her bio, Dr. Maggie Quirt’s research focuses on “Northern residential schools; reconciliation and restitution; human rights of Indigenous peoples; legacies of settler colonialism”. Since she is well-versed in my topic, I am going to reach out to Dr. Quirt and see if she can point me in the direction of some good resources and advise me on some key points I should hit in my narrative.

Industry Sources

In the context of my opinion piece, the industry pertaining to my topic would be the culinary/food industry. These sources could provide an interesting launching point for me to begin talking about issues of Indigenous culture. Since food is deeply connected with culture, investigating sources such as Culinary Trends Magazine or Bon Appetit magazine can help me illustrate the types of erasure and regulations Indigenous cuisine is under. According to George Brown College, these magazines are reliable trade magazines that outline current trends and information in the culinary profession. From there, I can expand on the topic of Indigenous cultural erasure by using food as the tip of the iceberg of the myriad of issues surrounding the topic of Indigenous culture and its portrayal in Canada.

Blog 8 - Episode Outline

Find the episode outline here

Sources are here

Phase 2

WEEK 8: Episode Outline


Sexual violence cases in the criminal justice system

Opinion Piece:

Survivors of sexual violence are let down by the criminal justice system – here’s what should happen next by Simon McCarthy-Jones

Focus Question:

What are the effects of the criminal justice system on sexual violence survivors?


Unfortunate as it is, sexual violence is rampant in our society today, and has been for centuries. Now that it is possible for justice to be served, action must be taken in order to ensure that sexual violence survivors are treated fairly and sensitively in the criminal justice system. Assault is incredibly traumatizing, and it should make no difference whether the victim is a child, adolescent or adult, or whether the assault produced physical injuries or not. Assault is assault, and the statistics recorded of sexual violence cases that go unreported are high enough to make it clear that there is an evident issue in the way these cases are treated in the criminal justice system, and the negative effects it is having on survivors as a result. 

Counter argument- What about the victims who lie, and innocent people are sent to prison because of it. Why should the system be amended to benefit liars and risk the lives of the innocent. 

Episode Breakdown:

Topic 1: Discusses the way victims are treated currently in the justice system (especially adolescent) and defines re-traumatization, etc. Mentions specific cases (such as girl who had her under garments used as evidence in court as proof of her “consent”)

-Mainstreet with Bob Murphy; interview with law professor Elaine Craig (author of “Putting Trials on Trial”) about revicitmization and retraumitization in the criminal justice system 

Topic 2: Discusses why many cases are not reported (focus on initial reporting (problems with officers bias i.e. “real rape”)

Topic 3: Interview with anonymous sexual violence survivor, explains why she decided not to enter the criminal justice system with her case

Topic 4: Solutions… there may be hope yet, i.e. new idea of “restorative justice” for certain offences such as sexual assault/ new mentalities for officers in relation to the ways in which they define sexual violence.

Topic 5: Conclusion, leaves listeners with something to think about (ie problems with the system and brainstorming of ways it must change)

Work Cited

Feeney, Hannah, et al. “Do You Wish to Prosecute the Person Who Assaulted You?: Untested Sexual Assault Kits and Victim Notification of Rape Survivors Assaulted as Adolescents.” Victims & Offenders, vol. 13, no. 5, July 2018, pp. 651–674. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1080/15564886.2018.1426668.                       

 Greeson, Megan R., and Rebecca Campbell. “Coordinated Community Efforts to Respond to Sexual Assault.” Journal of Interpersonal Violence, vol. 30, no. 14, Sept. 2015, pp. 2470–2487. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1177/0886260514553119.

 Keenan, Marie, and Estelle Zinsstag. “Restorative Justice and Sexual Offences: Can »changing Lenses« be Appropriate in This Case Too?” Monatsschrift Fuer Kriminologie Und Strafrechtsreform, vol. 97, no. 1, Feb. 2014, pp. 93–106. EBSCOhost,   

 Kennedy, Kieran M. “The Relationship of Victim Injury to the Progression of Sexual Crimes through the Criminal Justice System.” Journal of Forensic & Legal Medicine, vol. 19, no.6, Aug. 2012, pp. 309–311. EBSCOhost, doi:10.1016/j.jflm.2012.04.033.

 Kerstetter, Wayne A. “Gateway to Justice: Police and Prosecutorial Response to Sexual Assaults against Women.” Journal of Criminal Law & Criminology, vol. 81, no. 2, Summer 1990, pp. 267–313. EBSCOhost, doi:10.2307/114 


Taking a closer look at institutional sources such as York’s academic calendar as well as government sources are definitely useful for this particular project. Not only are these sources credible, it is also a great starting point to gather more information on my topic and possible directions to proceed in with my podcast episode. It also highlights information available to the public that some listeners may already be familiar with. Using the knowledge of such available information and expanding on it in order to educate listeners further on the topic is an effective use for these types of sources.

As for my topic for this assignment, while I do believe that government and even institutional sources may be helpful resources, I think industry sources such as statistics would be the most essential sources when attempting to prove a point to a listener. Using a logos approach by stating facts is definitely an effective method when it comes to the episode I want to produce and achieving its goal. It is easy to provide listeners with an opinion and talk at them about such views, but at the end of the day using credible sources and providing them with reputable facts that they can’t deny is the most effective method of ensuring they reevaluate their opinion of the topic by the end of the episode. 



In a world where everything is at our fingertips, one thing that is available to everyone is something called a “popular source”. These sources are in the forms of social media, journalism, and even blog posts like the one you’re reading now. The great thing about this sources is that they can be find by anyone, and useful to anyone. Just because they are popular sources does not imply that they are unreliable, but they are not necessarily meant to be used for scholarly purposes. For our uses with this podcast, I believe that popular sources are a great way to start collecting information about a topic and then continuing onto scholarly sources to expand our knowledge and create a great episode. 

 As for evaluating a sources credibility, there are many methods. One method is called the PARCA Test, which can be found very easily through York’s website. This test helps to evaluate a source based on a series of questions regarding it. And conveniently, the questions are related to the words in the PARCA acronym; Purpose, Authority, Relevance, Currency, and Accuracy. When it comes to a sources purpose, we should ask ourselves about why the resource exists, and if the author(s) have any sort of bias or intentions that could possibly make the source less useful to us. As for authority of a source, this questions both the author and their qualifications to write about the topic, as well as drawing attention to the publisher of the source. Relevance refers to whether or not the information in the source is even related to the topic, and if so what viewpoint it provides. Currency is important as it refers to how recently this source was published, and if it is a true depiction of the topic and up to date on all current findings. Lastly, accuracy, important for any source. This refers to evidence that the source includes to back up their viewpoints, as well as searching to see if the source is peer-reviewed and grammatically correct. 

 Keywords are incredibly important in the research process in order to find the most suitable sources for the topic. A keyword is what we put into search engines in order to efficiently find the best source for our purposes. For my topic, key words are very important in order to sift through the loads of broad information about sexual violence in the justice system. Without the perfect key words, we waste valuable time looking through sources that will never be what we need them to be, no matter how badly we wish they were. Taking time to brainstorm the right key words will save us effort and frustration in the long run. 

Phase II:

Week V: The Source Awakens

In lecture, Professor Bell touched on four different types of sources from which we could accrue information. As she mentioned, a popular source is generally written for the consumption of the public, be it to inform, persuade, motivate or otherwise. Popular sources come in various forms including but not limited to Blogs, Organization websites, Social media, Popular books, etc. Popular sources are not originally intended for use by academics for scholarly purposes. This, however, doesn’t mean they are always unreliable or unfit for use as a resource for academic researchers, like us.

The PARCA method -which stands for Purpose, Authority, Relevance, Currency, and Accuracy- helps evaluate a popular source’s credibility. Acknowledging the biases of the author, the platform and the company they represent is a good way to establish the credibility of a popular source. A good way to ensure that you are getting a complete and thorough look at an issue you are researching is to use multiple sources of different types.

When used efficiently, keywords -terms with certain relevance to a topic- optimize the results that search engines can provide us. Sources that have an abundance of keywords relevant to your topic are helpful as a starting point to research as you build upon your piece and to verify credibility. Some keywords I have used whilst working on this podcast topic are: genome editing, Bio-hacking, bioethics, CRISPR CAS/9, and eugenics. This particular piece benefits from investigation into particular people who are heavily involved in the field, I have used their names as keywords in my research as well: Emmanuelle Charpentier, Jennifer Doudna, He Jiankui, Josiah Zayner and Aaron Traywick.


Ash SK

Phase 2

Week 6

Two scholarly sources that I have found useful during my research are Copyright and the Commercialization of Fanfiction by Jacqueline D. Lipton and How Christina Lauren Went From Fanfiction Fame To 14 Bestsellers by Hayley C. Cuccinello. The former discusses, as the name would suggest, copyright law in relation to the commercialization, and offers a lot of background information on fanfiction (especially commercial fanfiction), copyright law, and the fair use clause, as well as how fanfiction interacts with copyright law. As an article published in the Houston Law Review, I can be sure that it has accurate information on the legal side of things. The latter is a summary of a pair of authors’ (Christina Hobbes and Lauren Billings, writing together under the pen name Christina Lauren) journey from Twilight fanfiction authors to professionals, which offers some insight into what it’s like for the authors who do manage to publish their fanfiction commercially, as well as what leads fans of a series to write fanfiction that changes elements of the source text to suit their image of what should have happened. Both sources have been very useful into putting together arguments both for and against fanfiction as a concept, as well as the purpose behind it.

Depending on what criteria I put into my searches, I found everything from articles on copyright law to actual fanfiction, the latter of which… really isn’t very helpful as a research tool. I’ve learned you need to be very careful with your search terms, or you’ll end up with articles you really don’t want!

Until next week!

Kate S

Week 8

Topic: Fanfiction

Opinion piece: Kay Rivera; “Fanfiction and Alternate Worlds”

Focus question: What is the purpose of fanfiction? Is it legally defendable under the fair use clause?

Significance/so what/stakes: There are currently authors making huge amounts of money by publishing fanfiction; if this is not covered under fair use (and also goes against the purpose of fanfiction) then these authors are in fact committing crimes.

What is the story I’m telling? The opinion piece discusses fanfiction’s use as a means of working past issues with the creators as people, or disappointing canonical material. Both of these topics are things that almost anyone who is a fan of anything or anyone has dealt with at one point or another, and will be able to understand the feelings of those who decide to take matters into their own hands, so to speak.

Major and minor points:

-        An example of the issue; EL James’s profits off a fanfiction with the names changed

-        What this means: Is this the purpose of fanfiction? Is it even legal to make money like this?

-        A description of what fanfiction is

-        Anecdote of my own experience with fanfiction

-        What is the general public opinion on fanfiction? What purpose does it serve? Is it legal?

-        How will this effect fans and authors in the future?


Week 9: Giving a Voice to My Sources

The whole time while I was doing my investigation and research for my topic on cursive handwriting, in the back of my mind I kept thinking, "how am I ever going to choose which of these sources are going to act as characters in my podcast?" Although at first, it seems a bit of a daunting task, what I've learned is that it isn't all that difficult to decide which ones to pick because the research and investigative work prior done effectively decided for you. For example, the three main sources that I have chosen to become voices in my final podcast all contributed vital information to my topic.

 Nicole Gallagher is a popular staff writer for the Portland Press Herald in Oregon, USA. Her work focuses on covering K-2 and higher education issues that occur statewide. Although undoubtedly knowledgeable in the field of child education, it is Nicole's input in her recent participation on EWA Radio: Will Cursive Make a Comeback? That really sparked my interest and led me to choose her as a candidate for a voice in my podcast. In this podcast segment, Nicole provides vital information about some of the practical benefits gained by learning cursive writing, like quick and efficient note-taking, while also shedding light on some popular cursive writing fallacies, like the notion that those who don't learn cursive as children are doomed. Her inputs are helpful because they align with the overarching theme of my podcast, which is that, although potentially cursive writing doesn't offer practical immediate benefits to the child, it does instil crucially beneficial habits that will prove to be helpful later on in teenage/adult life. And alongside this, her voice is soothing yet professional, thus she is a perfect candidate for a voice in my podcast.

 Next candidate, we have Matt Matterson, also a fellow writer who works for WTTW news in Chicago, Illinois. The reason I picked Matt was for his opinion piece on cursive writing being implemented back into the Illinois elementary school curriculum. In this article, Matt highlights important social and political questions that arise out of this decision and that need to be addressed. For example, whether or not legislators were the right people to make this decision or if teachers have enough time and resource to teach these methods. The questions along with the information that Matt offers in his article make him an intriguing candidate for him as a voice in my podcast. If all works well, I plan on integrating Matts voice as a form of counter-argument in my podcast as a way to ensure there is a balanced discussion.

 For the last voice character in my podcast, I'm still contemplating which one to choose, however, my inclination is to give it to a journal provided source that offers crucial supporting evidence. The most likely candidate are the authors who co-wrote the article titled: Neural substrates of sensorimotor processes: letter writing and letter perception on NCBI. The reason why this is the primary choice is because it offers statistical evidence on the cognitive benefits of cursive writing and it expands on the thought of later in life advantages had from knowing this method.

 Like I said before, I am a little nervous about taking on this task because I have never before have written or verbally attempted this type of dialogue immersion if you will. That being said, I am very eager and excited to try because not only do I feel as though my research has led me to good sources and voice options but also because I think if done right, this tactic can really add a different dimension to my podcast.

 Week 8: Episode Outline


            Cursive Writing- should cursive writing be re-implemented into the school curriculum?

Opinion Piece:

            Matt Grant, HealthyWay: The emergence of technology, specifically that of computers, has resulted in the depreciation of cursive writing as a literary necessity within the elementary school curriculum. It has become an obsolete technique that has been overtaken by keyboarding, thus unnecessary.   

Focus Question:

            Are there crucial benefits for the student associated with cursive writing that are being lost by abdicating teaching this technique? Or, are keyboard skills more relevant to contemporary standards?

-       HEALTHYWAY – Matt Grant, Graham and Berninger “it’s a changing world in terms of how we compose. If you’re not at school, most composing isn’t done by hand now, it’s done digitally, or by spoken word when you use your phone”

Significance/so what/stakes:

            Forgoing this writing technique could potentially hinder the students writing composition, reading as well as overall cognitive skills. Furthermore, lack of cursive abilities precludes the individual from not only being unable to read historically significant documents written in cursive, but also from being able to sign a document.

-       Counter Argument- Most historically significant articles that are written in cursive are available online in print.

-       Cursive writing can help with dyslexia

-       New York Times – Maria Konnikova, What’s lost as handwriting fades?

Controlling Argument:

            Cursive writing should be a technique that is required to be taught to children in their elementary school years because it yields valuable habits that will prove beneficial for the individual later on life.

-       EWA RADIO - Emily Richmond, Will Cursive Make a Comeback? (6:00-6:50)

-       New York Times – Maria Konnikova, what’s lost as handwriting fades? 

Work Cited

Grant, M. (2017, November 06). Should Cursive Still Be Taught In Schools? Retrieved March 6, 2019, from

 Konnikova, M. (2014, June 3). What’s Lost as Handwriting Fades. Retrieved March 6, 2019, from

 Kiefer, M., Schuler, S., Mayer, C., Trumpp, N. M., Hille, K., & Sachse, S. (2015). Handwriting or Typewriting? The Influence of Penor Keyboard-Based Writing Training on Reading and Writing Performance in Preschool Children. Advances in Cognitive Psychology,11, 136-146. doi:10.5709/acp-0178-7

 King, D. H. (2015, April/May). Why Bother with Cursive? Retrieved March 6, 2019, from

Richmond, E. (Producer). (2019, January 22). Will Cursive Make a Comeback? [Audio podcst]. Retrieved from


 Week 6

Hey everyone! For this week’s blog post I will be showing you guys a few of the emerging helpful sources that I have found using various methods for my topic on cursive handwriting and its associated benefits. The first source that I’ve retrieved is from a periodical journal titled: The Journal of Neurophysiology. This article written by Sophia. A and Karin. H offers incisive information about the neurological sensorimotor processes that are involved with letter writing and letter perception. For my research purposes, this article proves to be helpful because it details the cognitive benefits that are associated with knowing cursive/handwriting such as, fine motor skills and ‘finer’ cognitive abilities. Furthermore, due to this article being recently published (in 2016), I can feel more confident in knowing that it offers current and relevant information that I know I can use. In order to find this article, I first went to York University’s online library, then as we learned in class, under the periodical tab I broadly searched for “cursive handwriting”. Although this search resulted in more than 400 articles they were far too broad- I needed to refine them. So, in my next search I included “cognitive benefits” which rendered me a much smaller and more precise pool of articles which is where I found this one.

The second article that I found was also retrieved from The Journal of Neurophysiology. The article is titled: Handwriting or Typewriting? The Influence of Pen- or Keyboard-Based Writing Training on Reading and Writing Performance in Preschool Children. Written by Markus Kiefer et al., this article seems to be a very useful piece of literature that details the comparing benefits between handwriting and typewriting in pre-school children. For the purposes of my study, this article proves to be helpful because it is focusing on the same target group as I. The path that I took to find this article was quite simple. Rather than conducting a whole new search under a new platform, I found this article by simply combing through the reference list of the previous article. I find this tactic to be very useful as it is less time consuming than conducting separate searches and because it is a simple way of finding relevant information about your topic.

 Ultimately, in my search for reputable sources what I found to be the best tactic was simply trial and error. There are so many search platforms and databases out there, all with various search criteria and methods. The only way to take advantage of them is by aquatinting yourself with them and simply learning from your mistakes. I found that after a couple of attempts you begin to understand the process and it becomes much easier to search for relevant information about your topic.

Hope that my experiences were able to help you guys!


Phase Two

Week 5: Popular Sources and Key Words

Popular sources are very important in professional research writing and play an important role because they provide a grounding in contemporary context that can justify the beginning of a narrative, so the narrative begins with a consequential questions or problem which should arise out of something that people are talking about today. Popular does not mean unreliable or that a text is unsuitable resource for academic researchers. Popular sources simply means that it was not primarily written to be used by academics for scholarly purposes, by definition is any source that was written for a public consumption, so not something meant to inform public policy. That would be a government source, not something that is meant to be used by academics for scholarly knowledge making for understanding our world through scholarly methods. Any text used to be consumed by the general public would be considered a popular source. Examples of popular source would be -> journalism, social media, blogs, newsletter wikipedia, books, editorials opinion piece, others. Another example would be; if a research question is: how nurses are depicted in news articles about health care. We would need to find a whole bunch of news articles about health care, look for all mentions and descriptions of nurses then look for questions in news articles, nurses are depicted etc.,

This leads to keyword. A keyword by definition means, a word you type into a computer so that the computer will find information that contains that word. We use keywords to find a whole bunch of news articles about the topic we are doing, in order to find all the information related to our topic so we can gain knowledge on what we are writing about, we must make sure we know everything before actually doing the podcast. We cannot look at one news article or one piece of information about our topic then begin doing the assignment. We must target the topic from every corner, if we don’t do that then our podcast will not be accurate.

For my topic which is on: “Stigma Against Mental Health,” some keywords I would be using are -> “mental health,” “stigma,” “anxiety,” “mood disorder,” “Schizophrenia,” “eating disorders,” “dementia,” and “addiction” for example.

Week 6: Scholarly Source

Scholarly sources (also referred to as academic, peer-reviewed, or refereed sources) are written by experts in a particular field and serve to keep others interested in that field up to date on the most recent research, findings, and news. Two scholarly sources that I found very useful to my research on my topic; “stigma against mental health” are “Conceptualizing Stigma - Annual Review of Sociology” which talks about how, social science research on stigma has grown dramatically over the past two decades, specifically in social psychology where we see researchers make ways in which people construct cognitive categories and link those categories to stereotyped beliefs. In the midst of this growth, the stigma concept has been criticized as being too vaguely defined and individually focused. Another scholarly source I used was; “Understanding the impact of stigma on people with mental illness,” which talks about how stigma is a twofold. There is public stigma, this is the reaction that the general population has to people with mental illness. Then there is self-stigma, this is the prejudice which people with mental illness turn against themselves. Both public and self-stigma may be understood in terms of three components: stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination. I found these two articles through lots and lots of research. This topic I chose is very interesting in my perspective, and because it is so interesting, I have been doing tons of research because I want to know everything that there is to know about this topic I chose. Throughout my research, I came across these two important articles and I found them useful and beneficial to my topic and for this assignment. The reason these two articles are scholarly sources is because they are written by experts that are knowledgable in the field of mental health. It clearly shows because as I was reading both articles it says “social science research on stigma…etc.,”

Throughout the research I have done on my topic, I have found it really easy to find what I am looking for regarding my topic on stigma against mental health. However, I noticed that I have to be very careful with my wording and how I word everything just so I don’t end up with an article I don’t want.

Week 7: Digging into Sources

Sources are so important in our life. We use sources almost daily to find details, information, facts and more on topics we want to find more information about. As I was looking at the institutional sources as York’s academic calendar, also at the government sources, I was able to see how important and useful they are for this project. I was able to realize that using these sources makes a great starting point when it comes to gathering information. It can be difficult when it comes to talking about something you are are passionate about, because you don’t know where to begin. I feel that by using these sources it will help a lot and make a great starting point to gather more information on my topic. It will also help me a lot in steering me to the direction I would like my podcast to go, and in a way I feel will help me captivate my audience’s attention.

Now for my topic for this assignment, I had a lot of fun learning about government, institutional, and industry sources because I did not know what they were before. It’s safe to say that they are all helpful and amazing resources. However in my opinion, I feel that industry sources such as statistics would be the most helpful when it comes to trying to prove a point and get an important message across to an audience in this specific assignment for my podcast. For my podcast, I want to take it to the next level and make my podcast really interesting. I want to use credible sources to provide amazing nourishing facts to my audience. To make sure my audience understands by the end of my podcast episode the importance of taking away stigma from mental health and I want to leave them thinking at the end of my episode.

I am not there to change their mind, I am there to get them thinking and reevaluating their thoughts on the topic I am speaking about on hand. They might have previous information and knowledge about this topic from before or they might not. Regardless, I just want my audience to be captivated and engaged the whole time throughout. I also want them to gain knowledge on the topic I am talking about and take something away from what I talk about

Week 8: Podcast Outline

Topic: Stigma against mental health

Target Audience: Anyone struggling with mental health issues or knows anyone that is struggling with mental health issues

Opinion Piece: “Run, Swim, Cook: the new prescription for happiness” By: Gaby Hinsliff

Focus Question: How to take away the stigma from mental health

Significance/ Stakes: Around 450 million people currently suffer from mental or neurological disorders and are not receiving help they need.

Main Section:

Section 1: Introduction

  • Introduce the topic I will be talking about and the opinion piece

  • Talk about the focus question

  • Explain why this topic I chose is important

  • Introduce the 4 important points I will be talking about throughout my episode

Section 2: Talk about each of my important points in great detail

  • What is the stigma around mental health ?

  • Why does it exist?

  • How can we challenge it?

  • What happens when left untreated and how to treat ?

Section 3: Conclusion

  • encourage people to see the importance in talking about mental health and taking away the stigma

Phase Two

Blog 4

The outline of my blog will start with the plug. Here is where I will thank MTC sponsors such as Mac, and Bells and Bows. The plug will also be a time to thank the guests of the podcast episode. Following the plug is the introduction this is where I inform the listeners of what I will be talking about, pageants and why they are not negative. The introduction is a very important make or break time for the podcast, because if I can’t get them interested here they wont listen to the rest of the podcast. The introduction needs to be inviting and intriguing, this can indicate wether the podcast will be a success or not. I have listened to a lot of good and bad podcasts, a lot of the time you can tell if it will be good just based off the first minutes. What makes a podcast intro good is tone, and rhetorics. Having a clear “stage like” voice will be crucial to set a professional tone. My aim is to make the podcast as professional as possible. To capture the audiences attention during the introduction I have noticed while studying other podcasts how effective rhetorical questions will be, such as “are pageants as bad as YOU think?” This will capture the listener and make them interested in hearing more on the topic, and getting the answer to the question. 

 Followed by the introduction is the body. I will be splitting the body into 3 main parts (A,B,C.) part A will be discussion on pageants, what are they? Why compete in them? Basically answering commonly asked questions I will accumulate through social media polls. I will be talking about what pageants are defined as, and the misconceptions of pageants. People most commonly believe it is just a competition about who is the prettiest physically, which is not the case, it is 2019 for goodness sakes. While reviewing other podcasts where the speaker is also a first hand witness on the topic I noticed it to be more genuine and persuading which is what I will bring to mine. This section of the podcast must use rhetorics, persuasive talk to influence audience. How I will include this and incorporate this into part A is by vocal range, and language used. To get my points across to listeners I will also touch on personal experience on how pageants have been positive and empowering. 

Of course there is only so much one person can do in persuasion on such a controversial topic, part B is where I bring in guests to interview and validate what I have said. The 2 subjects I have to interview are also first hand experience pageant titleholders. I will interview Miss Teen Waterloo, and Miss Teen Newmarket. I will ask them about there experience, and what they believe pageants to be truly about, and why they found it positive and upliftings. During pageants you do more than just “walk around in dresses.” We volunteer and go on excursions and build friendships. I can say these 2 ladies I hav met through pageantry, while we were competing against each other we are lifelong friends. These 2 young ladies are avid fundraisers and advocates for important global issues, they are very successful in positive change. This is why I believe they will add positively to my podcast.

Part C is all about the positives you get out of entering a pageant. This varies from scholarships, cash prizes, sponsorships, exposure, travel, friendships, and so much more. This section will touch on pageants giving you and audience and a platform to be heard and make a difference. Titles give you the opportunity to reach more people and be seen in a public eye, and local fame. It also kick starts models careers. I will talk about what winning Miss Teenage Canada has done for me, it is the reason I am able to be here in Toronto for school and modelling!

Blog 3

For my blog post industry sources will be very helpful to access. People in the industry of pageants, modelling and, beauty will be helpful expert sources. Having institutional sources such as coming from universities gives you a scholarly edge. It will relate my topic of pageants to topics such as anthropology, and human studies.This can give a since view on why we have pageants, and why humans traditionalize them in some countries. It will give a more scientific aspect to the highly controversial subject. In finding this institutional source links the idea to scientific, and culture. Pageants are a huge cultural tradition and concept in some countries such as USA and Phillipines. I find however institutional articles and scholarly journals very negative to the subject, I can’t find pro pageant articles coming from scholars and professors. Industry sources from this particular beauty and modelling industry will help give positive aspect, that I am unable to find from institutions.

My most helpful sources will come from modelling and beauty industries, magazines, and interviews. Since I am on the pro pageant side there is a lot less published content on the subject, most of the content out there is negative, and bashing pageants. This however only drives me harder to find sources and get all the information I can. I look a lot to teen vogue, and agencies.

keep digging!


Blog 2

Hello, this week I will be talking about scholarly sources!1

What is a scholarly source? HMMMMM…A scholarly source is something you may come across during research that is very reliable. A scholarly source comes from a special search engine that isn’t just google. It helps you narrow your search outcomes so much you can come out with just what you need. You can search certain subject journals such as medicine, or social science, which is relating yo my topic on pageants. Scholarly sources are written by highly accomplished and educated individuals, such as professors, graduates, and university students who are expecting on the specific topic. (Maybe one day I will write an article about research or pageants LOL!)  I found it hard to use very specific keywords such as beauty pageant when using  google scholar, or an engine targeted at a specific topic like social sciences. I am used to just typing a question into google on my phone, but the process is much different using a scholarly search engine.

The first time I used a scholarly source was the 4th grade, and I never fully realized how powerful an helpful they are, and really narrow your search outcomes, making it easier on yourself. We used it for a project on choice, mine was on the subject ballet, and I remember finding articles written by famous ballet dancers such as Evelyn Heart. I thought is was magic…but nope just a scholarly engine that can change your research and bring I to a whole new level.

Hello fellow bloggers welcome to phase 2!


Today we are taking about sources! What even is a “source” is is a place where you gather information from. A popular source is something widely used, trusted, and accepted. A place a majority of people go to learn. An example of this may CTV or your local newspaper. Most people watch the news in the morning to figure out what is going on locally and around the world. This is a big source. A popular online source would be wikipedia, popular but don’t confuse with reliable!. Often wikipedia is majority of peoples first stop when researching. Wikipedia is useful because it has a lot of information in one convent easy accessible space. However the thing about wikipedia is that it is not always trustworthy and  credible as anyone can go in and edit it, but it is a great place to start. Wikipedia is a good place to go when knowing little to nothing on a subject, but that is where you start, don’t stop there keep searching.

Evaluating a source isn’t that hard, first check a sources, sources and do a background check on the author. You can tell a lot about if a source is credible just by the authors background.  For example you come across an online journal about marine biology one is written by a grade 7 student for science class and one is written buy a biology professor…you get the idea, one is more credible than the other. A keyword is something that is very important in the research. Main ideas and topics, something you want to keep your eye out for is key wording. For me I will be looking for pageant names “feminism” and “beauty.” Sticking with marine biology, a key word may be “marine” “aquatic” and so on. Key words are important in making sure your source is targeting what you want. You don’t want to get stuck reading a source titled marine biology, then have it end up talking about mermaids, and Ariele. You will want to keep your eyes peeled for these key words when looking at sources during research! Key words I look for when researching for my podcast on beauty pageants are names of famous titleholders such as Demi Leigh, and Marta. Make sure you view a wide range of sources and learn about famous people in the subject field. Try to read articles by famous individuals in that field, such as a famous marine biologist from Australia.


Xox Kate

Phase Two

Week 5

A “popular” source could be a reference that most people use as a source to learn about something. Popular sources become popular may because they are easily accessed, contain attractive images, user-friendly design, or even advertising. The authors of these sources could be bloggers, journalists, news reporter, or you. It targets on general audience, and it is easier to read comparing to scholarly sources. However, a popular source is not necessarily credible and accurate. Some popular source may contain false information. You can tell if they are useful based on evaluations such as who the author is, biased or not, recent or not etc. To evaluate the credibility, you can check the references of the source. For example, there are some references at the bottom of the wikipedia website sometimes. You can go over the references listed to check the credibility as most the references are scholarly sources which are accurate.

In definition, keyword means a word or concept of great significance, or an informative word used in an information retrieval system to indicate the content of a document. The keyword is important as it is a great representation of ideas in a content. For instance, If you want to know whether it is effective to focus on mental illness to prevent youth crime, keywords such as “mental health”, “youth crime”, “juvenile justice system”, “recidivism rate” can be useful in this topic.

Week 6

To create a podcast, I need some sources that I can reference and learn about podcasting in particular, scholarly sources. The first scholarly source I found helpful for podcasting is the book “Podcasting Bible” written by Steve Mack and Mitch Ratcliffe. This book explains how a person can start podcasting in every detail such as audio production techniques, encoding techniques, how to make the podcast available to the audience, and even the business of podcasting. This source is scholarly source as it is written by expert in the field and the information is very detailed. I found this source by searching the keyword “podcasting” and the first result that came up was this book “Podcasting Bible”. The second scholarly source I found was an article called “Aristotle Meets Apple: Rhetoric in the Podcast” by Anna Butrico. This article talks about the rhetoric forms in a podcast with examples of other podcasts. This scholarly source is found on the Genre Analysis Paper outline. A really good used by me to find other scholarly sources is to look for sources that are referenced in a scholarly source. A scholarly source will usually cite other scholarly sources and they may be talking about similar topics but different opinions or extra information may appear.

When I searched the keyword “podcast’, there were more results showing on the business and economics category comparing to the only two results on the science and mathematics category. In the business category, researches about the business of resources including podcast have been shown. In the science and mathematics category, two results on physics and chemistry have appeared in which they might be relating to podcast or not. From this experience, I have learnt that different results can come up depending on the subject category you select, and the results will relate to the category and the keyword.

Week 7

For government sources, I usually look for information like data or statistics as most government websites or reports are easier accessed comparing to other sources Government source is also a trustable source for statistics and they update quite often so I can be able to access to newer datas. For example, One government source that can help me to work on my project is Statics Canada. As my topic relates to mental health and youth crime, I can research for the rates of youth crime and rates of different youth offences. I can also research for the statistics about people that suffer with mental illness in Canada.

A really useful tool of researching for institutional sources is to use the York library database. Youth crime belongs to the category of criminology which is also a subject of social sciences. So I can look for any institution that belongs to the subject criminology. Industry sources could be trade magazines or trade journals that offer industry reports or articles. Scholarly articles about mental health and youth crime can be very useful on structuring my project. I have also found an article on a trade magazine in Canada which is Macleans. The article was about the new youth crime act that was proposed in canada in 2003.

Week 8


Youth crime and mental health

Target audience

The general public

Opinion piece

“To reduce youth crime, focus on mental health”

Focus question

How does mental health affect youth crime?


If there is a relationship between youth crime and youth mental health. The problem of youth mental illness should be well studied by the public. There may be a change in the public image of youth crime as people think that the Canada Justice Juvenile System is too soft and needs to get tough.

Main Sections

Section 1: Introduction

- Introduce the topic and the opinion piece

- focus question

- explains the significance of the topic

- Argument: government should focus on mental health to reduce youth crime

Section 2: How does youth mental illness affect rate of youth crime

- mental problems link to delinquent behaviours

- the justice juvenile system has an impact on youth mental health

- sociologically and psychologically

Section 3: Wrap-up and reflection

- Reflection on public image of youth crime

- encourage people to care about youth that suffer with mental illness

Phase 2

Week 8 : Podcast Outline

Full outline is shared via google.dox

Week 7

At first, I was going to talk about the governmental policies about data mining and social media. But now that I am aware that my audience is less interested in politics, I am not going to refrain from going deep into the political aspect. Nonetheless, they would still be helpful to apply the issue of social security and data mining into the Canadian world. I found that the government and law sources in the University research guides come from a wide range of credible sources.

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The picture on the right shows the two major subjects in the research guides that I found most related to this matter.

LAW (29)

If you are doing research about : “Human rights, gender equality, environmental laws, tax law, labour laws, industry and institutions law”, this subject contain countless databases. These databases contains not only Canadian resources, but also multinational and international resources. You could find books, encyclopedias, journal articles, cases, and so much more.




I was going to use this section to find social media related laws for my podcast. I found that this subject contains a lot more govermental websites as the sources of the information. I think they are great sources because nothing is more credible about Canadian policies than the website and parliament of Canada! They are also always up to date and are considered great references.

Screen Shot 2019-03-03 at 3.11.41 PM.png

Week 6


In this week of my phase 2 blog, I will be introducing you guys to what a scholarly article is, as well as two scholarly sources that I found. Even though they are no longer part of what my podcast is going to be focused on, the way in which I found them was very interesting.

A scholarly source can be considered to be a credible source as it is usually written by experts in a particular field and serve to keep others interested in that field up to date on the most recent research, findings, and news (University of Illinois).

Through the Canadian Research Index, I was able to search multiple databases at once. I just typed Facebook and social security. I then found an interesting article that is called “Online Data Mining Practices Continue To Spark Controversy Personal Data Disclosed Facebook, Google and Twitter all have recently updated privacy policies”. This article came from the “Investors Business Daily” website, but of course was peer-reviewed before being posted on this website. This article didn’t serve it’s justice as it was somewhat short, however, it did refer me to a book called “Privacy Preserving Data Mining”. Even though I haven’t had a look at this book yet, I know that it is written by associate professor of Computer Information Systems at Rutgers University. See how I was able to find a good book for my topic by reading an article related to my topic?

Related articles: HOw i found one of my articles

Related articles: HOw i found one of my articles

Carl Rodrigues, the author of my opinion piece, has a shed a light on the relationship between Facebook data mining and politics. It basically uses the user information (ex. geographic location, age, ethnicity, activity such as posts and shares) to influence political decisions. I have decided that I want to a speak about this matter in my podcast so I decided to look for articles in this topic. I found an article, called the “Facebook as a political weapon: Information in social networks” that is written by David Wills and Stuart Reeves, two university professors specialized in political science and international studies. This article is a good example of what a scholarly article is. It is written by two professors that are experts in this field. One issue with it is that is written in 2009, so it might not be the best article that is up to date as both Facebook policies and politics have changed since then. Interestingly, I found it by looking at the related items(articles) tab on the right side of the website. The picture on the right shows what the related items tab looks like.

Searching same keywords in different databases:

From the York U Library research guides, I have decided to look for articles in the “Science & Mathematics” —> “Science and Technology Studies

After that, I chose to look at journal articles. There were 3 databases that showed up, I chose the “The History of Science, Technology and Medicine” and the “Historical Abstracts” to compare. By searching the same keywords “Social AND Media AND Privacy” in both databases, I was able to see the difference. The “The History of Science, Technology and Medicine” gave me articles that have to do with the future of medicine, Information technology related article and scientists findings. In the “Historical Abstracts”, I saw different journals from different countries (ex. Malaysia, Europe, Spain, Slovenia) that were also related to a historical context (ex. looking at the political, ethical, and over-time changes in each country in regards to policies and stuff).

Note that since both those data bases are from the same subject of “Science & Mathematics”, they yield closely similar journals. I can also choose to search from both data bases simultaneously so that results from data bases show (choose databases beside above the search button).


However, when searching the SAME keywords on a subject of “Business and Economics”, I got very different results. I found out that different subjects have different databases (ex: ProQuest databases for business vs EBSCOhost for science). On ProQuest, I found stuff related to social media privacy and advertising, Social media and organizations, consumer and brand. So as you can see, picking the right subject and the more specifically, the right data base can be crucial to finding what you are looking for.

I hope this was helpful,

Joud Senjab

Week 5

A popular source does not necessary have to be a credible source. A popular source can be one that is most advertised and has a lot of visits/views (ex. first page of google, wikipedia, people’s magazine). A credible source in academic writing is one written by an expert in the subject area, and edited and fact-checked by multiple other experts to ensure that the information is accurate, comprehensively researched, and as free as possible from bias. To know wether a source is credible or not, I would look at who the author is, what website it is posted on, looking at the evidence/references used to back up the argument. Popular source however may be useful when you are looking for a “popular” opinion about something. For example, you are searching for what people think of Donald Trump. Looking at a reddit forum or google answers may not be credible, but you are looking for various opinions of people around the world. However, they should be used within an extent and not trusted that much.

From the dictionary, a keyword is a word or concept of great significance. It is also used as an informative word in an information retrieval system to indicate the content of a document. When trying to find scholarly article about the effect of chemotherapy on young adults, you can use keywords such as “chemotherapy” and/or “teens” and/or “cancer” and/or“effects”. I will talk more about the keywords and the different results you can get from using them to search different data bases.

Thanks for reading,

Joud Senjab

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