I found an article called “How Evangelical Purity Culture Can Lead to a Lifetime of Sexual Shame” by Broadly. They introduced a woman named Linda Kay Klein who has spoken a lot on the effect purity culture has on women and girls. She even has a book on it. This helped a lot because other articles that mention her also mention other women, or cite other sources, that address the suppression of female sexuality from a religion standpoint.

Another really helpful source would be Archives of Sexual Behaviour, which contains frequently updated information surrounding sexology and sex research. It is a peer-reviewed journal which was formed in 1971 and gives a lot of insight into the sexual habits of human beings. It has been handy in dispelling the myth that women do not like sex as much as men do. I also found experiments and studies which support my thesis.

Inasmuchas I wanted scientific data, I also wanted nuanced perspectives on this issue, to give it life. Yes, statistics matter but a lot of the time, they are just regarded as numbers and it does not sink in that these numbers represent real people. So, I like that I found sources that address my topic by talking about real life experiences of everyday people.

I could use sources as characters in my podcast episode to introduce fresh perspectives on my topic/subtopics. Sources are used to paint the bigger picture. Just like characters in a novel could enrich the plot, sources do the same and make the podcast more enjoyable and informative. It could also keep the narrator in line with the theme, instead of rambling.

Phase Three

Week 9 - Sources as “Characters”

The topic of guns and gang violence in our society is multi-faceted. For example, an analysis can be made from a sociological, psychological, individual, or an institutional perspective. Sources of information not only help to educate the audience, but they also help in telling a story by serving as a “character” to support the flow of the narrative. These “characters” each have different agendas, and add different layers to the story.

For my episode, the most useful sources are academic journal articles, however I plan to use statistical data, institutional, and primary sources as well in my final product. The academic articles, each present either a sociological or psychological link to the issue of gangs and gun violence in Toronto. On an individual level, that is, from the perspective of a gang member, research shows that crime is actually characterized by an adherence to traditional male values with beliefs supportive of aggression; adolescents commit violent offences in order to protect others and defend themselves (Lopez & Emmer, 2002). Another study describes a victim-fear relationship that is experienced by street-involved youth. It is found that high rates of violent victimization do not directly translate into a higher level of fearfulness of crime; street-involved youth report being less fearful on average than school-based youth, suggesting that fearlessness may be a learned adaptation among the street-involved youth to survive life on the streets (Cook, 2016). Although these experiences can be interpreted as maladaptive behaviour, social distancing and violence are also seen to be rational strategies that are available for youth to use in order to make positive changes to their lives (Kolar et al, 2012).

Finally, another study found that dominant narratives in the media, government proceedings, and research, have actually prevented public discussions about the racialized structure of neoliberal urbanism while enforcing suburban decline. This is accomplished by perpetuating the notion that there are causal links between ‘blackness’, poverty and crime in the suburbs (Siciliano, 2010).


Cook, S.F. “Taking It To The Streets: A Comparative Analysis Of Violent Victimization, The Victim-Offender Overlap, And The VictimFear Relationship Among School And Street-Involved Youth In Toronto.” ProQuest LLC 2017.

Kolar, K., Ericksona P.G.,  and Stewart, D. “Coping strategies of street-involved youth: exploring contexts of resilience.” Journal of Youth Studies, vol. 15, no. 6, September 2012, pp. 744-760.

Lopez, Vera A & Emmer, Edmund T.  “Influences of Beliefs and Values on Male Adolescents’ Decision to Commit Violent Offenses.” Psychology of Men & Masculinity, vol. 3, no. 1, 2002, pp. 28-40.  DOI: 10.1037//1524-9220.3.1.28



Phase 3

Week 9

The topic of the podcast that I will be doing is in regard to birth control and the benefits that can be reaped from spreading its availability and benefits across the world. Certain sources, in particular, are quite important to the podcast I want to create, as they provide the listeners with valuable information needed in order to completely understand the topic at hand and create their own opinions on the matter. The first of the sources that will be crucial will be, of course, the source article that I am basing my argument off of; the Melinda gates article on how to empower women through contraception. Many of her outlined examples not only provide listeners to get a basic understanding on the topic but also gives a crutch for them to start thinking about their opinions on the matter, giving them a chance to articulate their own arguments. The second source that will be of great benefit will be the planned parenthood websites that describe the different methods of birth control that exist and that can be available to women worldwide. By listing a variety of different types of contraception, it will be obvious that there will be options for women and any drawbacks to a certain type of contraception that the listener is iffy about, they should know that there are many other options available. Finally, as a counter to my argument, I want to add an article by the New York times about suspicious surrounding planned parenthood. Specifically, these suspicions are on fetal tissue transfer on aborted providers. This is an obviously scandalizing article to be released and has for sure gotten planned parenthood under the spotlight, and not in a good way. By reminding the listeners and the interviewees about both sides of the argument, they can use this information to come to their own conclusion, after hearing both the good and the bad. I believe using planned parenthood as a double-edged sword of a character would be interesting. For example, showing that planned parenthood has been providing a lot of research to the world about contraception, yet also having a dark and shadowy side to it, using aborted fetuses for tissue transplants.


 Work Cited


Gates, M. (2017, February 03). Opinion: Want to Empower Women Worldwide? Give Them

Access to Contraceptives. Retrieved February 13, 2019, from


Parenthood, P. (n.d.). Birth Control Pills. Retrieved February 13, 2019, from


Parenthood, P. (n.d.). Condom. Retrieved from


Parenthood, P. (n.d.). IUD Birth Control. Retrieved from


Fandos, N. (2017, December 08). Justice Dept. Investigating Fetal Tissue Transfers by

Planned Parenthood and Others. Retrieved from


Phase Three

Week 9 - Amanda Naoum

One source I found which I think is helpful is an academic journal about self-esteem. In it, Yanal discusses John Rawl's Theory of Self-Esteem, which explains what it is, what components it is comprised of, and how one can achieve a higher self-esteem. Rawl describes self-esteem as "a person's sense of his own value" (1987). This source will be helpful for including information on the concept of self-esteem, which is a major topic of discussion in my podcast.

Another helpful source I found is the American Psychological Association's Report on the Sexualization of Girls. This source thoroughly discusses the sexual portrayal of women in the media and elsewhere with several examples to support it. It relates to the concept of body ideals/standards portrayed in society and what is considered "attractive." It also discusses the consequences of these images--specifically, how they affect society and women's well-being. It says that "girls who objectify their bodies more have much lower self-esteem," and they are "vulnerable to cultural messages that promise them popularity, effectiveness, and social acceptance through the right 'sexy' look" (2007). This source has a lot of strong arguments which can help to drive my narrative that social media can be harmful. It also ties in with the self-esteem source above.

A third source I found is a blog post from Family Online Safety Institute which explains the negative impact of editing apps on self-esteem. Friedman says these apps can "foster unrealistic expectations for beauty and body image" (2018). This would help develop my narrative that social media does not always portray authentic images, which can be deceiving and harmful to one's self-esteem.

I think it might also be useful to include some advertising examples from editing apps. I found the website which is responsible for Facetune, a popular app which allows users to heavily edit their appearances. Part of the description says, "In only a few taps, you can whiten teeth, remove blemishes, smooth out skin, slim faces—and so much more!", which contributes to the concept of authenticity/inauthenticity in my podcast.


American Psychological Association, Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. (2007). Report of the APA Task Force on the Sexualization of Girls. Retrieved from

Friedman, R. (2018, August 2). Photo-Editing Apps and Their Potential Harms for Teens. Retrieved from

The World's Best Photo & Video Editing Apps. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Yanal, R. (1987). Self-Esteem. Noûs, 21(3), 363-379. doi:10.2307/2215187

Phase Three

Week 9

Shukri Hussein

My plans for my podcast episode with three main sources I chose to talk about are going to briefly touch on the lack of diversity in films and how Black Panther initially started a movement and might change everything in the film industry. For example, an article that stood out to me was How Black Panther made history at the box office this weekend written by Alice Vincent. It goes in to detail how great the movie did in terms of money, it did really well. Black Panther surpassed many movies such as Fifty Shade Freed. Talking about facts like this I can use it to show how well the movie did and how major people did love it and enjoyed it but why did it start an uncomfortable conversation? I can use that as an opening have people wonder and think.

My next source is to talk about the lack of diversity in films. I can tie this in with how well Black Panther did as mostly all black cast and why do not we see that more often? I can ask that question, have the listeners to think. I can then move into talking about how this is a significant film and that we should have more films like Black Panther.

The last source I would use is my opinion piece Black Panther Started The Most Vital (And Uncomfortable) Conversations of 2018 by Shanita Hubbard, she brought up really interesting points that made me think. Points for example that Black Panther gave birth to a movement which I strongly believe because it opened up a lot of opportunities for more movies that can be similar in the future. She also brought up Black Panther got real about slavery and all these sources complement each other because they all will flow together.

Overall all my sources will complement each other in terms that one can talk about the lack of diversity in films and briefly talk about the history of black people’s roles in films and that can complement that how if black people do have roles that are not the stereotypical roles that they can do really well in the industry. How well the movie did and my opinion piece I chose will help with all the strong points Hubbard brought up will tie everything together and have the listeners think.


Vincent, A. (2018, March 13). How Black Panther made history at the box office this weekend. Retrieved from

Hubbard, Shanita. “Opinion | 'Black Panther' Started The Most Vital (And Uncomfortable) Conversations Of 2018.” The Huffington Post,, 21 Dec. 2018,

Phase Three

Week Nine

The central focus of the research in this podcast will pertain to the Prejudiced Norm Theory. It posits that “…disparagement humour is likely to increase tolerance of other instances of discrimination against the targeted group… for people who are relatively high in prejudice toward the disparaged group” (Ford). In other words, being exposed to offensive humour will allow others to view said jokes as the societal norm; thus, making it easier for actual bigots to act on their hatred towards minorities. My main source provides an overview of the theory, along with some examples of the theory being put into motion. It features several experiments conducted by various academics that further prove the theory.

I have several sources that will work in conjunction with my main source. I found an article by Simon Weaver, a credited sociologist, who explores “a rhetorical discourse analysis of the logic of racist jokes on the internet.” In this article, he focuses mainly on anti-black fueled humour. He explores several examples of racist jokes and breaks down its problematic aspects. In doing so, Weaver disproves the opposing argument, which suggests that “jokes are ‘just jokes,’ and jokes that the minority (or majority) ethnic groups find offensive are fundamentally harmless.” I can tie in some of the examples provided in Weaver’s article with the theory provided by Ford in my previous source to further illustrate the thesis in my podcast episode.

I also found another source that focuses specifically on disparaging humour against Jewish people, and how the Germans were able to successfully incorporate that kind of humour using media in order to indoctrinate large masses of people and encourage anti-Semitism during the Nazi era (Kessel). This is one major yet depressing example that clearly demonstrates the Prejudiced Norm Theory; thus, I can use this case to prove the theory and create a dialogue within my podcast.

Sources used for this blog post:

Ford, T. E., & Ferguson, M. A. (2004). Social Consequences of Disparagement Humor: A Prejudiced Norm Theory. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 8(1), 79–94.

Kessel, M., & Merziger, P. (Eds.). (2012). The Politics of Humour: Laughter, Inclusion and Exclusion in the Twentieth Century. Toronto; Buffalo; London: University of Toronto Press. Retrieved from

Weaver, S. (2011). Jokes, rhetoric and embodied racism: A rhetorical discourse analysis of the logics of racist jokes on the internet. Ethnicities, 11(4), 413-435. Retrieved from

Week Ten

I'm a perfectionist, so it has been particularly difficult to make sure that my podcast sounds JUST right. I did like, five separate takes on this one-minute audio clip alone (making the ACTUAL podcast is gonna take awhile). Even more so, I hate hearing my own voice sometimes— that has proven to be a challenge I’ve had to overcome. Unlike the last audio clip I posted several weeks ago (the elevator pitch), I will ensure that the background music does not distract my audience from hearing my message behind the podcast episode.


Week Nine Entry

I use several sources in my podcast, though some are more useful than others. A particularly useful source is the Vox article Why We’re Terrified of Fanfiction. The article discusses fanfiction and links external sources, about fanfiction, for further research. The author lists several reasons as to why Fanfiction is thought of as a shameful and counters these arguments with facts and external research. With the help of this article, I was able to generate my central argument: fanfiction is not an embarrassing hobby.

Another useful source is The Adoring Audience: Fan Culture and Popular Media. This is an academic article, and it discusses the nuances of fan culture. I am particularly interested in a sub section of the article that examines the stigma surrounding female fans. The article explains how and why female fans are ridiculed, which links back to the Vox article. One of the reasons behind Fanfiction’s negative reputation, according to the Vox article, is because it is a hobby dominated by females. Vox claims that the stigma surrounding fanfiction has misogynistic tones, and The Adoring Audience: Fan Culture and Popular Media provides academic proof to back the claim.

I will present my sources as characters. Instead of treating them as texts, and quoting them word for word, I plant to translate them in my own words and use them as interjections. For example, when explaining the stigma surrounding fanfiction, I might say “ John Fiske might disagree with this stigma. In the article The Adoring Audience: Fan Culture and Popular Media, he says there is a misogynistic attitude towards female fans, which, of course, includes female fanfiction writers.” In this way, I am treating the source like an individual—a character—that interjects my narrative with their own opinion.

I can respond to the sources as well. In response to Fiske, I might say “I agree with Fiske. I can also recognize the difference in the treatment of male and female fans”. It is like I am having a conversation with my sources, treating them as characters rather than rigid pieces of text. This treatment stresses the idea that there are people behind the sources—the authors. I want to focus on the people and not just their words.


Grady, Constance. “Why We're Terrified of Fanfiction.” Vox, Vox Media, 2 June 2016,

Fiske, John. The Adoring Audience: Fan Culture and Popular Media. Routledge, 1992.


WEEK NINE: Sources as “characters”

Two pieces of research I find very useful, and which I will be using to construct a narrative for my podcast are: Jenna Graham’s “Black Lives Matter Too” and bell hooks’ “Representing Whiteness in the Black Imagination.” I am introducing you to these two sources not only because they are didactic in nature, but I will also use them to my advantage to frame a conflict and ultimately find a resolution to the topic I will be discussing in my podcast.

Graham’s article, as the title suggests, argues for the fair and equal rights of black people, particularly young, black men. In this article, Graham references American comedian, Dave Chappelle, who jokes (or it is quite possible that he was serious) in one of his stand-up sketches that if someone broke into his house, he wouldn’t call the police. They [the police], he says, might think that his home is too nice to be a black man’s and are likely to treat him as the burglar instead. Graham also notes that the “All Lives Matter” motion propelled by white people is because from their perspective the “Black Lives Matter” movement is anti-white, and they [white people] must act to preserve the white population. It is clear from those bits of extracts from Graham’s article that black people have lived (and continue to live) in a world that is unfairly oppressive.

hooks, in her article gives the oppression that black people face some context. She explains that our world has been constructed to not be of benefit to anyone who is not white. Black people she goes on to assert have historically been regarded as the “invisible Other,” while all other non-whites are racialized Others. With such poignant perspectives, hooks’ article complements Graham’s in the sense that I will be able to discuss racial profiling by police on black men as a plague deep-rooted in our social constructs, dating back to colonization.

Using both Graham’s and hooks’ articles are characters in my podcast, I will be able answer (through analogy) some of the “hows?” and “whys?” my listeners will have.

Darren A. Mc Almont   



Graham, J. (7 Apr. 2017). “Black Lives Matter Too.” Montreal Community Contact. p. 23. 1892122216/4B5106220C3F4681PQ/3?accountid=15182

hooks, b. “Representing Whiteness in the Black Imagination.” Cultural Studies. 238-246.





Some of my favourite sources for my podcast that I have come across are my music research,  my psychology research and my comedic podcasts I used to refer to. The music research is interesting because teaches me to use sound to keep an audience interested in whatever it is I will be talking about in that moment. This relates well to my psychology research because when I combine the two together, it will really get the listener thinking about whatever it is I am talking about. I think this mixed with comedy will keep my audience engaged and work together to create a thought out balance and symbiosis. 

I think I could use these sources as “characters” in my podcast because they will bring the intensions of my podcast to light. This intention is to inform and teach the listeners about the importance of climate change and what we must to in order to avoid the end of our earth as we know it. As a “character”, it will provide the message and meaning within the podcasts as most characters in fiction do as well. 

Through writing, people are trying to tell a story or teach some kind of moral. In the same way, a podcast does contain some sort of outline or script that will do the same. I feel like when someone is listening to a podcast they are more engaged than reading a journal because they don’t need to do as much work into reading words off of a paper. They are being told the important information they need to know rather than having to look for it themselves. In conclusion, sources can be characters as they teach a lesson and provide lessons for listeners and readers. 

Phase 3

The first source has greatly benefited me because it has provided me with a tremendous amount of research of how advertisement has hijacked our brains, and It gives me examples that I can directly incorporate into my podcast. This source has also allowed me to conduct more research because it provides a small detailed paragraph of each idea, so I can expand my research with the ideas of the article and elaborate them more in my podcast. The second source provides me with a negative and positive outlook on ads. This source is also helpful because it gives me the two sides of advertisement, so It enables me to be more open minded on the topic of advertisement. The third source provides me with research on the youth and how ads affect them. This is helpful because in my podcast I’m talking about the effect’s ads have on the younger gen compared to mine. These sources all complement each other because they all relate to my main point of: advertisement has started to manipulate us. They also provide me with more knowledge on a certain idea because they may have the same idea but explained in a different way and the examples are different. These sources can be considered “Characters” in my podcast because all the info they provide me along with the examples are all relatable. They bring life into my podcast because the examples in the sources are all things that the listener can relate too.


Tytyk, Kimberly ( 2017, October, 23 ) Manipulating Maslow: How advertising is hacking our heads and making us unhappy. Retrieved from.

Ashley, James ( 2017, February, 16 ) Negative & Positive effects of advertisement. Retrieved from.

Maanasi ( 2019, March, 14 ) 9 Negative side effects of advertisement on children. Retrieved from.

Phase Three:

WEEK 9: David Rodriguez

First and for most I mentioned how I would begin my podcast by relating it with my listeners. This is where my sources come into play and at a strategic timing of my podcast. The sources will come as an orderly fashion so that the listeners follow along the right way. The first article I will introduce will be the article written by Heidi Siegmund and Elizabeth Glazner “The turtle that became the anti-plastic straw poster child”. This commence my whole podcast by explaining how and why plastic debris is even relevant. The article which also contains the viral video, also carries out a deeper meaning by getting through to the person watching empathetic side. This will be one of the sources I pick because it smoothly flows into the next source mentioned. This source will talk about social media and how fast it influenced a movement through activists protesting, and retributing against the matter on plastic straws. This is where I begin to speak about how most people were educated on the matter. This article is “ The Lasting Effects of Social Media Trends and Marketing”. I chose this article as well as the Adam Minter “Plastic straws aren’t the problem” because the title of the articles themselves contain keywords used in my podcast. It also pertains significant information on plastics debris in our ocean and the education social media brought us. The first article with the word “Trend” I intend to connect to the “viral” video about the turtle. Adam Minter’s title helps prove my opinion that everyone attempts and sometimes are successful in passing the blame onto others. These three sources begin my story, however I still need to mention statistics and evidence on plastics debris. Such as information explaining how it enters our ocean in the first place and how. I then begin with factual statistics regarding the numbers developed in the past decade. These will start becoming research articles such as “Marine Debris & Plastics: Environmental Concerns, Sources, Impacts and Solutions” , even research included in “Plastic straw aren’t the problem”, “plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean”, “Distribution and importance of microplastics in marine environment: A review of the sources, fate, effects,  and potential solutions”. These sources mention will be the foundation to my research and statistics including in my informative part of the podcast on plastics. These are only the main sources to be used to as part of my informative side. However I will also obtain more subtle information through more sources such as “Technical Consolation on the marketing of fishing gear”. This is will use minor information to help change the “mindset” some of these plastic companies choose to have. Providing terrible statistics on plastic entering our ocean, only demonstrates how uneducated people are and therefore continue to pollute of ocean. I would use these sources as characters through its innovation and speculations. In some articles it refers to not accurately identifying the contamination microplastics leave behind. 









Week 10: David Rodriguez

I never thought id be developing a podcast ever. However, when I chose to take this class I was kind of nervous about the final production. I wasn’t nervous to talk on the mic or anything like that, I don’t feel tense when public speaking. However, I was not to confident in my technological skills. Managing unfamiliar programs is what scared me from the beginning because I knew it is not my strong point. I have been struggling to develop this podcast because I can not input the features I want to include on my podcast because I do not know how. Having stressed me out because this class seemed different because everything was through and unfamiliar program “Audacity”. The weekly blog post were straight-forward however the tutorial on how to use audacity was rather not so straight forward. When I did my pitch and my outline I spoke normal and speaking I had no problem doing I figured it out after many attempts of recording myself. However, adding sound effects/music in the background has gotten my hands tied. I can’t seem to figure it out I’ve tried all semester. If I can’t simply put background sound effects/music, how can I interview someone? Although, all of these problems arise with this course, I find it rather amusing to attempt something different. I have never taken a class like this before. Expanding my knowledge through podcast was a great alternative. Even if I knew how to add sound effects/ music I believe it would be useful for the listen to know what’s going on. For instance, I sometimes find myself getting lost while listening to a podcast, but as soon as I hear background music that familiarizes itself with the topic of discussion I begin to catch up on what they speak about. It does the opposite of detract from my point of view. This is why I want to figure out how to include it in my final product. I believe background music/sound effect is effective in developing a well-articulated podcast.

Phase Three

Entry One:

Many of my sources stood out to me as I made my way through the research process. In particular, Ralph W Larkin’s novel Comprehending Columbine stands to be a driving force behind many of my main points. Larkin studied the Columbine School Massacre, as well as many other school shootings that had occurred since then, in order to narrow down the cause of said violence. Although he covers many different possibilities, the prominent conclusion is that the perpetrator’s socioeconomic standing is likely the most influential cause.

The idea of using this source as a character in my story is not only riveting but intensely helpful. It’s obvious that using this source heightens my accuracy and provides a stronger argument, but it’s also persuasive in it’s role in the story arch. Specifically, this source is the perfect way to start off my conversation about possible causes. Using another researcher’s theories allows me to start the conversation and entice my readers without delving into my main points yet. Moreover, after summarizing Comprehending Columbine’s findings, a conversation concerning other, more sensitive potential causes can now be opened without quite as much blatantly.

Entry Two: (Week 12)

I found the most important learning process when creating this podcast was accepting how much research you have to cut. However, it doesn’t take away from your final product! The best way to provide accurate information on your topic is to cover all your bases, which often means spending a lot of time and energy on collecting research. Recognizing that just because it doesn’t all make it into the final product doesn’t mean it isn’t necessary was important for me. In order to choose the best research for your argument, you need to have an extensive pool of sources and facts to sort through. My research process has been forever changed for the better.

Phase 3- Emily Norton

Week 9: Sources as Characters

By searching through Google Scholar and JSTOR’s databases, I have been able to find a few sources that have been helpful in shaping my podcast episode. The ones that stood out the most to me are the ones that have elaborated on ‘Queer’s” history, as well as delved into varying understandings and experiences of the term.

Source 1: Reclaiming Queer: Activist and Academic Rhetorics of Resistance by Erin J. Rand

This source describes the history of the word Queer and what was occurring socially and politically at the time of its popular use as an act of resistance. It is important to me to speak of why the word exists in its multiple understandings and uses as a “primer” for the forthcoming information and ideas in the episode. Regardless of my final conclusion in the episode, I want to present unbiased information to my listeners.

Source 2: Queer by Jo Eadie

This source provides an analysis of Queer & identity politics. Something I want to do in my episode is discuss the term Queer in relation to identity and identity politics specifically. I want to further understand its political implications and this source helps me do so. Additionally I want to use this source to help further elaborate on the difference between Queer an umbrella term for LGBTQ+ people and as its own identity.

Source 3: Quotes

Another source I will be using is quotes from LGBTQ+ community members explaining their experience, understanding, and thoughts on the word Queer as a community name. I believe bringing in the voices of lived experiences will make the episode more “alive” and urge listeners to empathize as they form their own opinion and consider mine.

All of my sources can complement each other. History, experience, and politics in relation to Queer identities is the heart of my episode, and by including all these sources listeners have the necessary information needed to be engaged with the content of my podcast episode. These sources represent different aspects of the story I am telling, and in that respect act as characters.

Phase Three: Anjalee Srinivasan

Week 9

The past: As I refine my plans for the podcast episode, several sources have stood out as particularly useful.  Robert Lee’s novel Orientals: Asian Americans in Popular Culture, has laid a foundation for my podcast to fall back on. Lee’s novel has provided historical context behind the Asian American experience. His interpretation behind Yellowface being a form on an anti-immigration movement really provoked my thinking behind my podcast episode (Lee, 4). Before reading his novel, the information I read just briefly spoke on Yellowface as a form of mockery entertainment and racism. I think Lee went into great depth and drew a strong connection behind Yellowface, pop culture, and social issues.  

The present: The second source is none other than the opinion piece that jumped started this episode.  “Yellowface, Whitewashing, and the History of White People Playing Asian Characters” by Jenn Fang continues to be a source that I find myself referring too. Her passion and anger towards the absurd concept of Whitewashing really drove me off the edge too! Her article inspired me to dig deeper into Hollywood’s impractical ideology. Some people like to hold on to the mindset that racism has decreased or faded away, but whitewashing has occurred in recent films. Fang addresses the history of whitewashing after her praise of recent film, Crazy Rich Asians. CRA is a film I discuss in the end as an example of what greatness can happen when representation has been done right in Hollywood.

The future: The third I found to be useful is a study from the University of Southern California entitled “Race/Ethnicity in 600 Popular Films: Examining On Screen Portrayals and Behind the Camera Diversity”. This source is where I focus on my main statistic, of Asians being represented by only 4.4% in high-grossing films (Smith & Piper, 2014). I use this statistic to work towards a progressive direction to conclude my episode. “Yes this statistic of 4.4% of total asian representation on screen in 2013 is shocking! But let’s see where we are now in 2019. What changes have been made? Who made these changes? Why is there a change” sort of like a “where is this statistic now?” approach.  I use this source as a character, because whenever I want to address any change or social issue in Hollywood, I come to this stat.

Overall, I see these sources having their own conversation within my podcast episode. A way for the past,present, and future to discuss the Asian experience in Hollywood.

Feng, J. (8 Aug 2018). Yellowface, Whitewashing, and the History of White People Playing
           Asian Characters. Teen Vogue. Retrieved from

Lee, R. (1999). Orientals: Asian Americans in popular culture. Philadelphia: Temple University



Smith, S., & Piper, K. (2014). Race/Ethnicity in 600 Popular Films: Examining On Screen

           Portrayals and Behind the Camera Diversity. University of Southern California.


Phase Two- Week Nine

The majority of my sources, considering the fact I am writing about scandals surrounding Kanye West in the media are mainly twitter/instagram/news outlets that pertain to Kanye West. There are a few different articles that I have found referencing bias opinions based on these scandals that tend to define Kanye more and more in the public eye.

An example of two articles that compliment each other well is an article from VSB and Forbes that both share the same opinion of Kanye being a trashy person in support of Trump. The biggest topic of conversation more or less in many of the articles written about Kanye West is his love for Trump even though Trump is a racist/sexist person, Kanye agrees with his beliefs.

These articles are helpful because they are people giving their opinion to the world about the topic at hand. Everyone’s opinion matters in the grand scheme of things, and articles written out by people with bias, love or hate for Kanye, matter in the research of my podcast. It sheds light on points that I may have missed to discuss as well as different viewpoints that I didn’t see from my perspective. It’s always good to have different opinions even especially when researching a topic you have a personal bias towards.

Phase 2

Week 8

0-5 minutes:

Hook on the topic, the topic being birth control. Quickly introduce the intro opinion piece as well. Intro saying, and intro jingle will be added here. Afterwards, an intro into the explanation that goes a little deeper into what we will be discussing; birth control and the effects of what birth control can have on a woman, outlining both positives and negatives.

5-10 minutes:

First giving basic information on the different types of birth control and the uses of many of them, from condoms and the pill to more unheard of forms of birth control such as the IUD and the implant.

10-15 minutes:

Interviewing a female (who has been notified of all the facts of the different types of birth control mentioned above) about the opinion article as well as what she believes the positives and negatives birth control can bring.

15-20 minutes:
Similar to before, I will be interviewing a male (who has been notified of all the facts of the different types of birth control mentioned above) about the opinion article as well as what he believes the positives and negatives birth control can bring. I will then say what my opinion on the matter is and close the podcast asking for listeners to consider the effects of how readily available birth control can affect our world for either the better or worse. Exit jingle and farewell.


Hello, I’m Trejahra Jackson, i’m in school currently for Professional Writing. When I was in grade 7 and I discovered the Twilight series my future was laid out before me. That’s what’s I wanted to do. I fell in love with reading and wanted to be doing that ever since. Becoming an author and book publisher has been the goal even though I’ve taken different courses that lead to a different future. When I graduated from high school I didn’t get into my first choice but was… pushed to go into school anyways, So I entered Media and Communications at Centennial college, it was a year course that had classes in different fields. The course expressed a few classes in Journalism and so I thought it would be useful to me. After this course I realized I still loved writing but Journalism was not for me. It didn’t allow me to be creative and express stories that i wanted to share.

When I graduated from this year course I found myself on track to join the Advertising and Marketing course. This had a stream of “Copywriting” which I felt i could be happy in because it was never going to be the same job from day-to-day and I was always going to be encouraged to think differently for every project thrown in front of me. When I was in my last year of this three year course, I started to realize the advertising world had a lot of things I didn’t agree with. The majority of the Advertising community had different morals and I decided it was not meant for me. After awhile I realized, “ Why am I not following my dreams?”

Fast forward from taking a Screenwriting and Narrative Design course at George Brown to Taking Professional Writing at York University. The stepping stone to following my dreams was when I decided to open my writing techniques by doing something different like creating television shows and movies. Preparing scripts, episode outlines, and Pitch bibles.



The things that are on the chopping block are talking about how much celebrities get away with, that doesn’t answer the overall hard hitting question in my podcast which is: is Consent a grey area? I think that it could be useful to provide examples so that my listeners start to see the pattern of a topic (rich privilege) but may not be necessary Another thing on the chopping block is how the interview should be conducted. I was thinking about sharing a sexual assault story because it shows the trouble with consent being a grey area but i’m not too sure if I should have such a personal story. .

O-5 minutes:

an introduction on where the direction came from, talking about fanfiction and what the problem Kay Rivera brought up in her article

5-10 minutes:

Introducing the person I’ll be interviewing and bouncing ideas with, the problems they see with fanfiction and their popular fanfictions and if controversy gets the most attention,why did 50 shades of Grey become so popular?

10-15 minutes:

In 50 shades of grey it raises a lot of controversy; the BDSM, the manner of consent and why this type of mental cry is allowed. is it because of the fact he’s super rich? Is Rich privilege a thing?

15-20 minutes:
The meaning of consent, how it plays a huge part in society, is consent a black and white issue? Can consent be a grey area? Does Consent confusion make any sense?


——Source 1: Consent is a grey area?

This source sticks out to me because it directly speaks to the biggest point in my podcast. Consent. My point of view of consent agree’s with some of the things said in this article and I like the questions it brings up as well as making my opinion about this topic stronger. This article can be used as a character because it seems to have a strong serious voice. Although I want my podcast to be seen ( listened to) as a laid back chat between two highly- passionate friends I think having the classic “ voice of reason” slipped in in a natural way will convince my audience to my opinion.

-—-Source 2: Fanfiction and alternative worlds

This article is going to play as a gateway in my podcast. It was the tool that lead me into the direction of controversial fanfictions>rich privilege> consent. This article is going to give my audience a small view on how I came up with the topics of my podcast so that these points don’t seem like they came out of nowhere. I’m not quite sure if i’d use Rivera’s piece as a character because I’d want it to be known as something completely separate. As I stated, this is the gateway and the opening to my podcast. This article is very laid back and doesn’t have a serious air which sets a great tone for my episode but it also goes onto fanfiction itself and not into the topics that my podcast will lead it into.

Source 3: Fifty Shades of Grey so dominates global box office

This article I found to be very eye-opening. A lot of the times people say certain things are popular but are they really? are they only popular in your friend group? in your city? This article just gives proof that what i’m talking about is relevant and that the literary piece/ movie of Fifty Shades Of Grey is a very talked about entertainment in it’s mediums. Like the other article that provides a serious manner and helps prove my argument this just backs things up. This story makes the umbrella of choosing Fifty Shades as my fanfiction make sense.


  •  Barker, M. (2013, December 10). Consent is a grey area? A comparison of understandings of consent in Fifty Shades of Grey and on the BDSM blogosphere. Retrieved January 20, 2019, from https://journals.saMeg 

  • Rivera, K. (2018, October 01). Fanfiction and alternative worlds. Retrieved February 1, 2019, from 

  • Hoad, P. (2015, February 18). Fifty Shades of Grey so dominates global box office it could whip Mamma Mia! Retrieved February 18, 2019, from 

Phase Two


“Popular” is a term used to describe the content, purpose, audience, citations etc. of a particular source. A “popular source” is not primarily written to be used by academic scholarly purposes, but can be helpful for guidance and can give you a general idea or background information for a certain topic. This source is written by the general public and are not peer-reviewed, therefore rarely containing citations. Some examples of a “popular source” include general news. business and entertainment publications such as; Time Magazine, Vanity Fair & Business Weekly. In order to tell if a source is credible, pay attention to the author (are they an expert? have other credible people referenced this source? etc.) publisher (is there a sponsor or affiliation?), and the citations. Something you should also take note of is if the source has a bias (why did the author write this?).

“Keywords” are used in search engines and can help you find specific information, and overall make the entire process more efficient. Some keywords I have compiled for my podcast are: beauty industry, plastic surgery, makeup, woman empowerment etc.


A scholarly source is an academic peer-reviewed source that is written by experts in a specific field, and is frequently updated with the most recent research, findings, and news. The two scholarly sources I found helpful toward my podcast research are Branded Beauty: How Marketing Changed the Way We Look by Mark Tungate and Not Just a Pretty Face: The ugly side of the beauty industry by Stacy Malkan. I discovered both sources by searching the keyword(s) “beauty industry” in the York University library database. I found that when I searched “beauty industry” in the humanities database, it narrowed the sources to articles about the gender, culture and history of the beauty industry compared to when I searched “beauty industry” in the general database which led me to an immense amount of sources.

While reading Branded Beauty: How Marketing Changed the Way We Look, chapter 16: Under the Knife stood out to me the most. This chapter discusses the rise and acceptance of aesthetic plastic surgery procedures and treatments such as Botox and dermal fillers. In 2007, the American Society for Aesthetic Plastic Surgery noted a 437 percent increase in the number of treatments compared to the previous decade with the annual spend reaching 13.2 billion U.S dollars. The same organization reports a few years later that although the economic climate was tough, it did not affect the trend of aesthetic plastic surgery procedures at all. Studies show that 51 percent of Americans (regardless of income) agree with plastic surgery, and 53 percent women and 49 percent men said they would consider plastic surgery, and the youngest age group surveyed (18-24 years old) were most likely to consider plastic surgery for themselves now or in the future. This source also studies the cosmetic surgery market globally (Asia, Latin America and Europe), and discusses how the standard of beauty has evolved worldwide, as well as the impact media and advertisements have on cosmetic procedures. The scholarly source Not Just a Pretty Face: The ugly side of the beauty industry discusses the environmental impact the beauty industry has, including the ingredients of cosmetic products causing hazardous pollutants in our daily routines.


Tungate, M., Books24x7, I., Business Pro - York University., & Skillsoft Books - York University. (2011). Branded beauty: How marketing changed the way we look. London ; Philadelphia: Kogan Page.

Malkan, S., & Greenleaf Online Library - York University. (2007). Not just a pretty face: The ugly side of the beauty industry. Gabriola, B.C.: New Society Publishers.


Government, industry and institutional sources could be useful to my podcast because of the credibility it offers. Credibility helps support the argument that I will be making in my podcast and makes my argument more powerful. This is important because readers/listeners tend to respond to persuasive articles based on the author’s perception and not the content.


Episode outline

- Rimita Barua

Phase Two- Week Eight

Episode Outline:

1-4 Minutes: In the first 1-4 minutes of the podcast, naturally I will ultimately introduce what the podcast is going to be about and why it is a topic of importance that should be discussed. I am really going to try and incorporate humor/comedy into my podcast, especially in the beginning to give a light-heated feel (no one likes to listen to something extremely heavy). After that, I’m going to talk about the scandals that Kanye West has been in, the majorly controversial things that he has said with proof of research and tweets.

4-8 Minutes: I’m going to be interviewing someone that loves Kanye West. I think it will be interesting to give two perspectives of people who are his fans and people who are not. I want to start off with the reasons from a different standpoint of why he could be looked at as someone of credibility rather than just a high-end celebrity that can get whatever he wants because of his fame. Because believe it or not, Kanye is famous for his artistry, not his potty mouth.

8-12 Minutes: After my interview of my friend who loves Kanye, I am going to be interviewing someone that doesn’t like Kanye at all. Just like in the first interview, I want to grab two perspectives of completely different nature to provide more opinions on who Kanye is as a person, and who people presume him to be. This will give my podcast an unbiased opinion on both parties that will lay out the facts that ultimately, the listener may choose to decide their own opinion on the matter.

12-16 Minutes: In this interval of time, I will be discussing the worlds opinion on Kanye West. Now the social, global, perspective of Kanye since he does come from a world of media matters more than normal individuals that have no platform because grand celebrities do have a bias fan base. This will show light on people close to him, and people who he has wronged in the past. Twitter threads, etc., are extremely important and I will be touching on most of the social aspects/opinions of Kanye West in the media.

16-20 Minutes: I will be doing my final thoughts on the subject on hand. Gathering all the facts and information, the research that I have done and the evidence of the situation, I will be talking more so about my opinion from an unbiased standpoint as well and then wrap up my podcast.

-Marie-France Leger


Considering I am doing the article on Kanye West and the differing opinions surrounding his character, there is not so much government involvement, rather the social media industry and institution sources that have developed an opinion on Kanye West. A lot of Kanye’s commentary, and why he is publicly hated is because he supports Trump and is open about sexism, racism and is not afraid to speak about anything controversial that may come across as strictly offensive. The social media industry feeds into this type of behavior to gather a story, and any institutional agents that are willing to create a topic as well. Most up to date news articles targeted for youth and above such as daily mail, and social media outlets like snapchat and instagram cover the majority of anything pertaining to my podcast topic.

-Marie-France Leger