Phase One

Week Four:

I’ve decided to centre my podcast episode on Anna Kamila Socha’s article, “To reduce youth crime, focus on mental health. This opinion piece explores the ideology of Canadian youth who have committed crimes and their increased chance at a future where they do not reoffend if their mental health is cared for and a rehabilitation approach is taken, rather than long term incarceration.

Anna’s argument surrounds the importance of caring for a child’s mental health, rather than the punishment. She’s emphasized the outcomes for youth that attended residential treatment centre, showing how the rates significantly lowered when there is an “increased family involvement, shorter length of stays, and involvement with aftercare programming.” Reiterating that “Canada operates juvenile detention centres that are ... absent in dependable standards, and carry a lack of evidence-based programs that would help integrate youth back into the community, thus producing negative outcomes for the individual and for the safety of others and how approximately 40 percent of all youth released from a detention centre end up reoffending, as opposed to a low 15 percent of youth that go through a rehabilitative approach.

My story is about Canada’s incarceration methods towards youth and it's interesting because we believe that one method of discipline fits all, but that will never be the case. The Canadian government itself has stated “community rehabilitation measures can have a positive impact” (ccsd.ca). Yet why do we follow a one size fits all method to a situation that’s unique to each case?Alan for Long woods also comments how “There is a lack of community resources that relate specifically to the nature of emotional disorders. This shortage affects the population of children and adolescents who have a mental health disorder, some of whom subsequently come into contact with the youth justice system” (longwoods.com)

This issue affects youth, ultimately affecting the future of our society. Using alternative methods to incarceration benefit are both economical and social, by “keeping these youths locked up, and end up costing taxpayers upward of $120,000 a year per individual — several times more than probation/community outreach would” (Socha, 2018). The less costly approach could be having these children be guided in outreach programs with family and friends .

This has the potential to make for an interesting podcast because of the controversy of the topic alone. Many individuals believe that those that offend deserve punishment, but now in an era where more individuals are exploring mental health, it could shine light and help end stigma around mental health.

Works Cited

Social Challenges: Age, www.ccsd.ca/resources/CrimePrevention/i_rehab.htm.

Leschied, Alan W. “Youth Justice and Mental Health in Perspective.” Nursing Leadership, 13 May 2011, www.longwoods.com/content/22364/healthcare-quarterly/youth-justice-and-mental-health-in-perspective.

Socha, Anna Kamila. “To Reduce Youth Crime, Focus on Mental Health.” Thestar.com, Toronto Star, 31 Dec. 2018, www.thestar.com/opinion/contributors/2018/12/31/to-reduce-youth-crime-focus-on-mental-health.html.


AUDIO

https://soundcloud.com/user-997657195/to-reduce-youth-crime-focus-on-mental-health

Week Three:

The opinion piece I’ve decided to centre my podcast episode is “To reduce youth crime, focus on mental health” written by Anna Kamila Socha. This piece explores the ideology that Canada’s youth that have committed crimes may have a better chance at a future where they do not reoffend if their mental health is cared for and a rehabilitation approach is taken, rather than incarceration.  

The main claim of this article there is a significant reduction of youth that reoffend when a short aftercare approach involving families is demonstrated, rather than long term incarceration. She’s able to back her claims with evidence based on statistical evidence. For example, “40 percent of all youth released from a detention centre end up reoffending, as opposed to a low 15 percent of youth that go through a rehabilitative approach” (Socha, 2018).

The social context of this article focuses on society and the benefits of caring for at risk youth mental health. These benefits are both economical and social, by’ keeping these youths locked up, and end up costing taxpayers upward of $120,000 a year per individual — several times more than probation/community outreach would” (Socha, 2018). The less costly approach could be having these children be guided in outreach programs with family and friends.

I can safely conclude this is an opinion piece because there isn’t a wide variety of evidence to back this up. Sadly, the limited amount of sources makes this piece to be mostly constructed by matter of opinion, at the end of the article she states ‘We live in a society that glorifies incarceration rather than prevention; the actions we take to fix that inequity mirror our priorities as a society”(Socha, 2018). This cannot be concluded as right or wrong, but shows her stance on the topic.Anna Socha’s background, being a Criminology Student at UofT, can her her some useful insight due to crime being her major of study. Unfortunately, a student perspective may still make her inexperienced in the field since she’s in her early stages of her career.

This has the potential to make for an interesting podcast because of the controversy of the topic alone. Many individuals believe that those that offend deserve punishment, but now in an era where more individuals are exploring mental health, it could shine light and help end stigma around mental health.

Week Two:

This week’s lecture has opened the conversation of what is an opinion and a matter of opinion? An opinion is what each individual believes in, not a factual conclusion. Whereas a matter of opinion would be a conclusion driven by evidence which could also differ from individual to individual. The idea of morals and values could be a possible drive where one forms an opinion, whereas evidence would drive. matter of opinion. The use of Starbucks as an example presented is one that can easily help differ opinion and matter of opinion. Saying ‘Starbucks is a snooty company” is an opinion formed by no definite answer available. To each person, different experiences can change their view. Now saying Starbucks “Starbucks coffee is ethically produced” This statement is a matter of opinion. Each person will value different things in the workplace, but at the end of the day whether the statement can be accounted as true or false will be determined by the individuals checklist of what falls under ethics, making it a matter of opinion.

   The question presented is; is it possible to assert that all knowledge is simply a matter of opinion? I can safely conclude that this is not the case at all. A matter of opinion can shift from person to person, but there are factors in life that cannot be debated. For example math, there is no debating the knowledge of something simple as one plus one equals two. No matter where in the world you go, this knowledge remains the same. In conclusion, there’s no way knowledge can be just a matter of opinion.

Week One:

Hey everyone!

My name’s Itzel and this is my first year here at York University as a Children, Childhood, and Youth major. Growing up, I have always had a fascination for those who take majority of their time teach the next generation, which ultimately inspired me to want to be involved in child care. Although this school year hasn’t ended, it has already been a fulfilling experience. Being a somewhat quiet and self kept individual, I’ve always had the luxury of staying in my comfort zone by attending a small, all-girls high school. My fears of attending University grew exponentially as my first day approached but fortunately for me, York has pushed me to step out my comfort zone. The projects at York have given me no choice but to meet new people, becoming a valuable asset in my life.

This project has already proven to be rewarding. I’m excited to proceed because of the experience I will gain. The idea of creating a podcast that others can listen scares me, but I believe that this is just another lesson I need in order to obtain valuable communication skills.

A research/shortcut tactic that has been useful to me on many occasions is google scholar. It can be a life saving resource for those “last minute” assignments. Although it has many reputable articles, it can be limiting. Google scholar can never truly replace physical books due to the credentials needed to publish them.