Week 2- Danethza Perez Aguilera

The central idea behind the main claim of the article is a critique on academia in providing research to large commercial enterprises that seek to use the knowledge to control and manipulate peoples’ minds.  This critique is based on the assumptions that academic work should strive to engage in the pursuit of knowledge with an integrity solemnly focused on the advancement of human understanding- yet clearly this is a fallacious assumption or belief made on behalf of the author.  In his critique, he provides evidence of research made by universities that further the development of tools used by companies that continue their assault on human “brain hacking” for profit.  He states, “Our minds are shaped by our social environment, in particular the belief systems projected by those in power: monarchs, aristocrats and theologians then; corporations, billionaires and the media today.” This matter of opinion is arguably true, however it is still largely subject to his opinion and his subjective view on the world.  The individual mind is a subjective experience that is influenced by many factors, and the focus he has placed on “those in power” demonstrate his own personal views on how the world functions, and reflect his very personal interpretation and experiences. My opinion of this piece would be that knowledge cannot truly ever be separated from opinion, they are both captures of the subjective experience which can be supported or argued by other witnesses.  I humbly propose that knowledge and opinion are the interpretations made by the person engaged in a focused moment of time. 

Week 2

I don’t know why my font is this colour but I tried to fix it and couldn’t, please give me that grade still.
(readers please pretend the sentence above has light grey font)

Does any one have an opinion on the previous sentence explaining my difficulty tying to fix the grey font used to post a blog? Do you think that everyone in this tutorial class will have the same opinion as you to my opening sentence? No? Do all who read the first sentence feel that what I wrote of the font colour was unnecessary or thought that the grammar I used is wrong?

It’s Nathazha writing, and let me tell you what we examined about opinion above.
When I expressed my worry for the font being grey and assuming that my grade might be affected by it, all of you whom read that sentence judged that first sentence. Either you thought that there was no need for the font to be mentioned or that you now understand why my font is grey and at least I had the consideration to mention something of it.
What ever your opinion was on my first sentence it was something you feel is true which is considered subjective. Things that you believe in, are things you will have an opinion on also considered biased (another word for one-sided). Even if it seems important or not to others somethings that you stand by is based on opinion, and the thing is, each individual also has their own opinion on my first sentence. OK, so every person has their own thought of feelings towards something. For example, when having a perspective of a course you are taking in school, or perspective of the teacher who is teaching the students in your class, you made an opinion that the class (for example) is interesting. Another example of an opinion is of a teacher. You may think that the teacher explains the content very well and that is your opinion. These 2 examples are constructed by your feelings or beliefs on something that isn’t necessarily based on evidence.

Now to understand what knowledge is and how it is different from opinion. Knowledge is something we contain information by being taught or shown how something is to be truth/fact that exists with study of discovery. Knowledge is what we consider to be justified answers which is sense of reality and intellect for us in society. “Stay in school” my grandmother says because to her learning more knowledge means you know a lot of information which is considered smart. When we learn the skills of how to walk, we learn based on truth and facts. When we see the examples that surround us of walking and we listen and take in the words of encouragement and signals of indication of progress, then we have grasped knowledge of how to use the lower body to support the whole body and create movement with balance to start walking. Knowledge is based on physical experience or educational experience. This has nothing to do with feelings and how it calculates an opinion (maybe only feel accomplishment through knowledge) but rather it means knowledge is a subject that is based on truthful facts unlike opinions.

thanks, CHAO
P.s. the font went back to black once I posted this, but just imagine the font is light grey in the first sentence of this blog because it really was, throughout writing the whole thing.

Phase 1

Hello, my name is Danethza, Dani for short.  I am a third-year psychology student with a love for writing.  My interests typically involve philosophy, the mind, history, consciousness, music, yoga and my preferred style of writing tends to lean on poetry.  I enjoy investigative journalism, and for the last 10 years or so, have embraced podcasts and YouTube videos to engage in learning about topics that interest me.  I am the mom of two awesome girls and find that listening to news and articles in the audio format has been the easiest and most effective way to stay informed. During the York strike of 2018, I enjoyed a brief position as a writer for Dolce magazine and truly enjoyed the experience. The methods of research I have typically conducted involve researching the subject online, their own website, or articles written about the subject/topic.  At Dolce magazine, I would write the questions for the interview and would transcribe the material after an in-person, or phone interview.  I still enjoy going to libraries, although much research material is available online, however still enjoy the calm atmosphere and being surrounded by books. I maintain my own website as a personal hobby, and truly look forward to learning how to create my own podcast in this course.


Week Two, “That’s a matter of opinion”, January 18 2019

I forgot to mention in my last post. My name's Shayne.

I haven't confirmed this with anyone, but I don't see another option to add to my last week's work, so I must be doing this right.

Whether I am right or wrong does not matter. It is my opinion, and I am entitled to have it, and express it. If I have doubts about something that is based on my own experiences, such as past failures or even possible negative outcomes, your facts that you shove in my face probably won't change my mind. I would simply say “that's a matter of opinion.”

It's frustrating isn't it? We have all argued with people before about something. I have. I especially hated it- and I still do- when the person I am arguing with will not budge, even though you know with every fiber of your being that you are right. You researched this in the past, and this is what you were brought up to believe your whole life. It is no different than trying to get a stubborn mule to walk up a set of stairs, or cross a bridge that you know will hold the combined weight of the both of you. We tend to get so angry and dismiss them as ignorant, stubborn, and just plain dumb. They're maybe even beyond help.

Yes, I have a point to this. I tend to ramble on in my writing, and I often use weird analogies to make a point.

The mule isn't actually dumb or stubborn from his sense, or perspective. He is thinking for himself. He debated in his own mind of the pros and cons of the argument in question, and he made his decision not to cross that bridge, or walk up a set of stairs. He made his decision in the interest of his own safety. His own self-preservation.

I love debating, and I have always been very argumentative growing up, and I still am in some ways. I would argue just because I could. Although that could been seen as a negative trait to some; to me, it has helped me become a better critical thinker, writer, and taught me an important lesson, which is that “nothing is truth.”

This means that what one accepts as “common knowledge,” is not the same to someone else. I was bad for arguing with people with opposing political views on social media, and the ignorance of some people just blew me away. I just couldn't wrap my head around how misinformed they were. When I realized that their own experiences are different than my own, I began to understand why they have that particular view. Reality is a social construct; we have our differences, different lives, different experiences, different social groups, different social norms,.. different..

You get the idea. Our differences is not something to be afraid of. It should be something to be embraced. I know I don't want to be like everyone else. That's boring and I can think for myself.

But it doesn't mean that we're incompatible simply because we're different, and from different backgrounds. I'm sure many of us would agree, I would hope. From my own experiences, I know that our differences does not make us incompatible.

We have come to a significant point in society. (I realize this is a matter of opinion, but that is the point of this post anyway.) Our world is going through major change, and we are becoming a global society. This is the early stages of development, and we have come to a stage where “everything is a matter of opinion.” It does not matter if you have a flawless scholarly article to back it up.

That being said, it does not make it necessarily right, and I was being pretty broad in my argument, but it makes sense in a way. You might know it's true, but can you overcome someone else's opposing worldview with your knowledge, which has been built and hardwired into that person for as long as they can remember, and passed down over generations?

In a developing society, which is us; we will be learning new things, and will be experiencing a different reality. One that will take generations to develop in the present western discourse.

So yeah, that's a matter of opinion. It's annoying when someone says that isn't it? Has anyone ever told you to mind your own business, and keep your opinions to yourself? That is the worst thing we can do.

Week One- Introduction

My first blog post. As a writer I never looked into this, and especially not podcasts. I never even thought that professional writing went beyond writing books. I must be getting old fashioned.

It's amazing how fast time goes by you. I'm not that old either. I'm only 32, which is still young, but old compared to the other undergraduate students I go to school with. I just don't tell anyone my age.

I should have my own career now, but I believe I am still trying to decide what I want to do when I grow up. I graduated secondary school fairly late and only went to college at 26. I earned a certificate in Indigenous Studies, and two diplomas, one in Community and Justice Services and Mental Health and Addictions. I wanted to be a Correctional Officer, and was hired by the Ministry of Community Safety and Correctional Services, but for a number of reasons it didn't work out. So here I am.

So I decided to keep going with my education and see what the world has to offer. I decided that I was going to reach higher than what I was aiming for. I came to the realization that what's the point in having a talent if you are not going to nurture it? If only I could get past my procrastination habit, I'd be golden. I write as a hobby, and I am working on my own book. Please don't hesitate to check some of them out if you want.

Other than that, there isn't much else I'm in to except music, reading, political and social justice issues, wasting time watching YouTube videos, and craft beer.

I am actually very excited for this project, and I can't think of something specific I want to do it on yet. I want to do something very unique and I think it's going to be a fun challenge, and learning how to do podcasts will open up a lot of new doors!

I will say this about shortcuts. In University, they do not work. I have already found that a number of the undergraduate students haven't learned that yet. I can't say I blame them though because I was that age too. I find that there are some that post on social media groups asking for notes or exam answers and questions from previous years. If you don't learn how to do the research for yourself and think for yourself, you won't make it as a writer. That is my take on it anyway.

Last term, I was in a group who I had to do a small assignment with. I haven't heard from them all weekend when we were supposed to get together, and the assignment was due in a couple of days. I had other things I had to do, so I wrote it myself.

They finally message me the night before it had to be handed it in and I told them I already did it. They both asked if I would put their names on it. I said that I would.

Too bad for them.


Week 1:

Hello everyone!

My name is Muna Mohamed and I am 18 years old. I am current in my first year of university and pursuing a degree in Health & Society. My goal is to have a career in the health field because helping others is one of my passions. Some of my interests include cooking as I like to experience and try new foods, watching movies, hanging out with friends, going to the mall and any other fun and different activities.

For the course project I am really nervous but excited to create a podcast. I am nervous because I have never listened to a podcast and now I have to create one. I am a afraid that I am going mess up the podcast by not exceeding to the full 20 minutes or I’m not comfortable with the tone of my voice or even the fact that I might not do my best as this a new experience for me. I am also excited about the project because it allows me to get out of my comfort zone because I tend to be a bit shy. I am also excited to gain and improve new learning skills and get familiar with new things I have never done before.

A research tactic that I believe is most commonly used by undergraduate students is Google. I believe that Google is most used because it is easy, fast and convenient for undergraduate students. Most students consider finding books or any hard copy source a waste of time. Instead Google is a shortcut found on a computer or any device where students can search what they are looking for with a click of a button.

Week 2:

An opinion is based on an emotional belief that is not proven by a given fact. Everyone has their own opinion about most things. For example, I believe that pancakes are the best food for breakfast while others believe cereal is the best food for breakfast. This is not a proven fact that pancakes are better than cereal. This opinion causes conflict due to people's different beliefs of what is right, wrong, good or bad because there are no sources that prove which breakfast is better. After watching the video How to Identify Fact vs Opinion in Writing & Research, an opinion can weaken your argument because it is a bias that can be subjective.

However knowledge is understanding something like facts and information that is obtained by experiences. Whereas facts are proven statements that perceive to be true. I can assume that not all knowledge is a matter of opinion, if my assertion claims that opinions are only statements that have not been proven. This claim also defines what knowledge can be seen as; either a subjective opinion based on personal belief, or a fact, evidence-based claim. This however, does not demean the value of knowledge that derives from an opinion. Therefore I don’t believe that all knowledge is a matter of opinion.


Hello Everyone!

My name is Ilana Leshtsinski, I am currently a psychology major, with a mixed and passionate interest in the biology of a human as well as one’s thinking, behaviors and social patterns. My ultimate goal is to become a family phyisican, as I have a growing curiosity of how the body works and I want my knowledge to guide and positively impact someone. My intention with this course was to learn how to effectively and successfully produce a podcast, the skills and knowledge with respect to editing, using software and producing interesting information. I am constantly listening to podcasts and find them tremendously insightful and interesting ranging from topics such as mystery, health, politics, etc.

One useful and important research tactic I believe is commonly used by undergraduate students is reading and quickly skimming over the abstract of a research paper or article and ultimately using that one piece of information to decide whether the article is on topic and is a creditable source. I believe this research tactic isn’t very effective and is rather limiting as the abstract of a paper is simply providing a gist of the article however, it shouldn’t be used as the main and only basis of considering whether the article is substantial and worthy of one’s examination. I believe students should take more time in analyzing and tacking papers way into their introduction to find their research question and how about the researchers approached a specific issue or topic. Thus, research must take a different approach in order for students to properly discover papers that are specific, highly knowledgeable as well as creditable.

Blog Post 2-WEEK 2:

Although opinions are a way of providing one’s independent thoughts, feelings and standpoint on a topic, it is important to know which context opinions are significant to use. For instance, in the context of writing a research paper, according to the video resource known as How to Identify Fact vs. Opinion in Writing & Research the speaker emphasizes that an opinion weakens an argument as it is completely subjective, based on emotions and is open to interpretation. As a result, with the lack of scientific facts, and supporting evidence creates a barrier between the reader and the writer, lacking the sense of creditability and validity. Thus, the writer is speaking from a point of emotion as a posed to knowledge. Thus, the opinion cannot be held accountable or confirmed, so what sense does it have being in a research paper?

On the other-hand, a fact is a piece of information that is accepted by the majority of the population, has been verified by experts and is proven information. As a result, all knowledge is not just a matter of opinion, there is a distinct difference between the level of factual support. The resource acknowledged as A philosopher’s blog highlights that there is a massive misconception that all philosophical views are just mere opinions and will ultimately never reach the point of being facts. To make matters worse, those who are victim of this misconception also believe that one opinion is simply different and carries just as much justification and adds as much value to the world as any other opinion…this is essentially saying that there is no need for any debate and that there should be acceptance and applause for any opinion that is brought about as everyone has the right to a position, and the right to express their position without the need to defend or explain themselves. However, if we think about this logically, in the circumstance where we have a disagreement or a difference in opinion, the only rational approach to solving this dispute is having both parties present their position by providing justification through scientific support. The individual with the most supported and better supported position, ultimately has a stronger opinion that can be challenged while still having merit for it’s point. Thus, supported philosophical standpoints are no longer considered as an opinion. So it is possible to assert that all knowledge is simply a matter of opinion? After countless reads, I would have to say yes and no. To some degree, any position begins solely based on feelings and is tremendously subjective. However, to be academically acknowledged and professionally respected by the general public, this opinion must be changed and altered with more substance. The position may have started off as an opinion but was built upon and protected through the addition of academic support, factual information, research, etc. Thus, this opinion is now justified and can be confirmed as valid position.


The article I have selected as the center of my podcast episode is titled as Millennial housing crisis? Turns out, it’s real and worse than you thought.

The article emphasizes that there is an evident transformation with respect to the cost of average rent and home ownership. More specifically, the article addresses the difficulties that millennials encounter such as working harder, saving longer and having financial assistance from parents due to the drastic shift in real estate prices over the past few decades. The central argument and main claim states that the traditional situation of young adults having the opportunities to be independent and financially stable, in respect of purchasing a property is no longer the case as there are significantly much higher expectations to achieve this milestone. As a result, a greater portion of millennials will take more time and effort to make this commitment, and this trend is predicted to get even more amplified in future years.

The article provides evidence for this central claim as it provided an analysis by Kershaw, who in fact was not formally or properly introduced in this article ( I am still unsure of his role) I am assuming he is a real estate agent from the university of British Columbia. He emphasized that there is a significant change in real estate prices from 1976 to current day. He introduced this statistics (did not mention where this analysis is from) that in the mid 1970’s was the baby boom where the average cost of a house was $213,000 and the median full-time earrings was approximately $54,7000. Thus, having a ratio of about roughly four to one.

Additionally, Kershaw compared this ratio to the year 2017 and found that the ratio was pushed to 10 to one as the average home was priced approximately at $510,179. As a result this concludes that the average home prices has increased by thousands of hundreds of dollars while people’s earnings over the past few decades has decreased by an average of $5,000 per year. Thus, there appears to be a growing and significant gap between a millennial’s salary and the average cost of purchasing a property.

This article is an opinion piece because I can evidently acknowledge that a view or judgement being formed specifically about the current housing market in Toronto and a comparison is being done between prior decades and today’s date. Additionally, this article makes a tremendous amount of statements with respect to millennial incomes, the need for parental assistance and consent when purchasing a property, etc. However, the writer only quotes one anecdote as an example, so I am tremendously conscious of these statements and whether there have been studies, research to support them, as they cannot be proved either way.

The author of the article is Naomi Powell, she has an educational background in English literature and a post-graduate degree in journalism. Her work experience is quite diverse, as she has been a reporter in different geographical areas of Ontario such as Guelph, Hamilton, Toronto and some universal experience in Dublin and Stockholm. I have acknowledged that Powell had some original and initial experience as a reporter on the Toronto star in 2002. Judging from Powell’s experience, I presume she may have a bias or personal views on the Toronto housing market which could be attributed from working in different geographical areas which are known to be historically less expensive with respect to real estate. Perhaps her initial experience in Toronto in the year 2002, which did have growth in the real estate market however, the prices to rent or to buy properties was far less significant and prices were less inflated, growing at slower speeds in comparison to the past 2-3 years. As a result, her judgement may be unconsciously distorted as she did not continuously live in the city and additionally may have other geographical housing markets as comparisons which may cause an exaggerated judgement of Toronto’s housing market.

The social construct that makes this piece topical could be due to the aspect of social media, which millennial are constantly using and interacting with on a daily basis. I have acknowledged that from personal experience, being exposed to friends, family, celebrities that are constantly displaying and showcasing their lifestyles, millennial’s are being informed about different price ranges, expectations, and pressure to participate in “adulting” aka growing up. Additionally, being at the age of mid to late twenties, it is very common for young adults to move out, rent or own a property and thus, this topic can be quite interesting to this democratic as well as adults which have their own experience in this area and would enjoy seeing the difference in lifestyles.

This piece has the potential to make an interesting podcast episode as the concept of home ownership and rent is a concern for all individuals regardless of age, gender, income, etc. I believe the general public would be keen to listening in and consider new information, research and statistics on educating themselves. I also believe that the topic of real estate is becoming especially interesting for millennial’s due to their specific stage in life, and listening to a podcast with professionals and specialists in their area of expertise could be seen as tremendously beneficial and helpful in making wise that have a long-lasting impact on one’s lifestyle.



my name is Nathazha. I live in the city of Toronto and grew up in the core of downtown. I was born in January, I speak 2 languages and I love to travel. My major is Professional communication. In my life I have been involved in singing competitions, I’ve been apart of a competitive music band, I did some studio recordings of my singing to make songs come to life, helped out with radio commercials, and more things I can mention but I’m sure you all get where my interest has always been. I know how powerful music can be when it impacts people while spreading information and messages. This thought is where my interest for communication studies comes to be something I wanted to learn more about. This course has already got me anxious. I’ve never been graded to see how well I can present a podcast along with all the research that is required to get it right. Non the less I choose to stay confident, ask many questions and FOCUS.

My goal in this course is to: 1. obviously ace it, 2. get a lot better at researching proper material, 3. shake off my nerves to be more confident in this sector of communication, 4. learning how to master the new skills this course offers and 5. to make this course enjoyable. This project is intriguing because I feel I will learn how to use my voice creatively to fascinate my audience. Communication is one of the most important aspects of everyday life and for that reason I want to knowledge myself about all it manifests into our lives.

I believe a tactic undergraduate students prefer to use would be using the internet for research and not choosing the most reliable information to explain their point. The problem that exists in this tactic is that the steps to find the correct and “accurate” research needed, aren’t being used before thinking that a piece of information will help you structure your work. These steps are needed to proper analyze the research and where it is coming from in order for it to be considered a reliable source and credible information. The best way to avoid the mistake of using resources that may not be the correct ones for university expectations or in general is to continue revising your work with guidance of a teacher and ASK THOSE QUESTIONS.

Thanks, CHAO


Week 1:

Hello Everybody!

My name is Parker Martin and I am a first-year student in the Information Technology program at York hoping to become an IT Project Manager one day. I am a Canadian born Filipino that was born in 2000 (18 years old). My interests include playing sports such as basketball and soccer, playing video games with friends, and reading for pleasure. I enjoy eating food from around the world and trying each cultures cuisine but my most favourite meal would have to be Tacos. I would describe myself as an adventurous person always looking for new foods to try and new adventures to experience.

I am anxious about this project as I have never created a podcast before and am afraid to embarrass myself as I lean towards being more shy than outgoing but am also excited to learn this new form of entertainment. Although I have listened to some podcasts in the past, I would like to listen to them more frequently. I hope to come out of this course with more confidence in my research and public speaking skills.

One research tactic that I believe undergraduate students use is to google search the topic and read articles and stories about the topic before researching the hard facts. I believe it is a good idea to briefly read over articles from different websites before I look into google scholar, books, and journals about the topic. I believe it is a good idea to do this as it makes looking at the journals or books less intimidating looking over the facts when you have an idea of the topic itself. This can be limiting as websites can sometimes exaggerate the story making it even more confusing.

Week 2:

To answer the question “is it possible to assert that all knowledge is simply a matter of opinion?” We must first define what knowledge is. Knowledge is based on three things, justified true belief. Your belief should be justified through secondary sources and evidence. Your belief should also be true through correspondence to reality meaning you should have a conscious and or unconscious experience that supports your belief.  

An opinion is a person’s belief that is not supported with evidence or reasons. An opinion can contain a personal bias, belief based on emotions, and are subjective. A fact is something that is proven to be true through verified information. Facts are also accepted by the majority of people and can be verified by experts. Unlike an opinion, a fact is not a belief but is something that has already been proven to be true. I believe that once you prove an opinion with facts and evidence, it becomes knowledge. This is why I do not believe that it is possible to assert that all knowledge is simply a matter of opinion.


Week one:

Hello everyone!

My name is Xuanbai Zhu, but most people call me Oliver. I am an international York freshman majoring in film production. I was born and raised Changchun, a small town located in north eastern China near the North Korean border. I finished high school in downtown Toronto after coming to Canada in 2016. I have very little experience in podcast production, but I do listen to podcasts quite often. My favourite podcast is Pull Up by CJ McCollum. I feel confident about completing the project and I am very interested in None Of Us Deserve a Citizenship by Michelle Alexander. I can relate to the people mentioned in the article as one of my personal goal after university education is getting Canadian citizenship. My study permit expired last year during August but I failed to realize that I need to renew it prior to the expiration. So I was forced to defer my September York admission and go back to China to renew my permit. Therefore, I feel deeply connected to the stories in the article about non-citizens struggling to live on foreign lands for a better future.

I think one of the more commonly used tactic for efficient researching among undergraduate students is using searching engines. Online searching engines like Google Scholar allow users to look for professional articles related to their topics with keywords. It pretty much instantly give users thousands of professional articles to choose from with the most relevant ones at the top. Undergraduate students like me take advantage of these searching engines to save time. On the other hand, searching engines do have limitations. Most articles found through online searching engines need to be purchased before accessing while libraries allow customers to borrow for a way cheaper price. Therefore, online researching can cost a few more dollars sometime but the extra money spent might be justified for faster research speed.

Week two:

Everyone has opinions. But, opinions can seem useless sometimes because they are not always justified by evidence. Something being an opinion simply means that someone assumes it to be true. While opinions are simply views or judgment formed about something, opinions can be better or more valued than one another according to Dr. Michael LaBossiere. In his blog about misconceptions of philosophy, he compared a doctor’s opinion to the opinion of a five-year-old in order to prove that not all opinions are equally valued. This statement is true also because only justified true belief is considered knowledge.

Some people might argue that all knowledge is simply a matter of opinion because there will never be an opinion that’s well-supported enough to be undoubtedly true. People might even argue that we all live in a Matrix-like world where everything humans believe is simply computer programmings. But, I think contemporary knowledge proven by contemporary truth does exist to a certain degree. For example, in the world of the movie Matrix, despite that people are living in a dream-like reality, proven scientific knowledge of that reality is still contemporarily true for that reality. That is to say, knowledge is not simply a matter of opinion because knowledge can be proven even if it's only contemporary.


Welcome to my blog. My name is Omotoso Olaoluwasubomi. I am from Ekiti state in Nigeria which is inhabited by a tribe called the Yorubas. I am Yoruba. I was born on the 18th of August, 2001. I am 17 years old. I am a male. I was brought up in a Christian family by my mother and father along side with my brother and my sister. we are 5 in total in my nuclear family. I enjoy Nigerian food and also fast foods such as McDonalds, Wendys and Burger King. I speak English and Yoruba, which is one of the many languages in Nigeria. My favourite colour is Red and during my spare time I enjoy playing soccer, listening to music and taking short walks.

I have mixed opinions on the course project. I feel very scared because back home in Nigeria, I never did anything like this so it will be something very strange and very new to me and it will be very challenging to adapt to something new to me. I also feel very optimistic about the course because it will help me to learned things. For example, It will help me to learn how to use the Podcast app. It will also help me to learn how to add mp3 to my blog posts. it will also help in adding music or sound effects to my project which I didn’t know how to do. I can’t wait to see what the future holds for me and I can’t wait to see how my course project turns out to be.

One of the research tactics that undergraduate students use which is very limiting is the use of internet browsers like Google, Mozilla Firefox and others. Nowadays undergraduates rather just browse the internet rather than go out to look for credible sources of information. Most times what is on the internet tends to be fake news and these undergraduates just use this information rather than going out to gather their own or even testing the credibility of their source. In recent times most undergraduates go on the internet and and copy and paste topics given to them rather that going out to gather their own sources. They use the ideas, opinions, words and statements of other authors which is considered as an academic dishonesty known as PLAGIARISM which is not only frowned upon by me but also by every academic institution.

Omotoso Olaoluwasubomi.


Hi all!

To keep things simple, we are creating and updating THREE blog posts each.

  1. The first blog post, titled PHASE ONE, will contain entries from weeks 1 through 4.

  2. The second blog post, titled PHASE TWO, will contain entries from weeks 5 through 8.

  3. The third blog post, titled PHASE THREE, will contain entries from weeks 9 through 12.

You’ll use headers to separate weekly entries as you edit & update the blog posts you’re working on.

Note that this assignment is worth a hefty amount of your course grade. Treat each blog post seriously. While your tone can stray from formal here and there, your posts should be thoughtful, well researched, and carefully considered.

While your TA will be checking for weekly blog post completion, they will be grading for substance after each blog is complete (week 4, week 8, week 12).

Formatting instructions, the schedule of prompts, and assessment information is available here.

Dr Bell

Dr. Bell is the Director of York University's Writing Centre and a professor in the Writing Department's Professional Writing degree program. She spends her time devising ways of using critical pedagogy to support students' understanding of and commitment to academic and professional integrity. The podcast course is a result (and continuation) of one such experiment.