When a computer acts as a server for others allowing shared access to files without the need of a central server (Christensson).
Jobs and Livelihoods
People seem to overlook the people who work behind the scenes in regards to the film industry. To make a movie takes dozens of people working in different departments. Hair, makeup, lighting, camerawork, editing, the list goes on. These are hundreds of workers in the industry relying on studios to make profit so they can be paid. However, if everyone is pirating movies, studios won't make as many movies, meaning they will need to hire less people? If a studio makes less money, they will be unable to support themselves and won't invest in people to work things like lighting, and audiovisual (Lodderhose). Many workers on the lower rungs of entertainment must worry now about their salaries getting cut as a means for studios to make up for lost profit due to privacy (Strauss). If less films are pirated then studios make more money, and if they make more money they can make more movies which means hiring more people. In 2005 a study was conducted estimating that a ten percent decrease in worldwide piracy over four years would add 1.5 million jobs and this number would much likely be higher today because of interest in movies (Norkey).
It appears that movies are at risk of going the route of the dodo. What does that mean for the actors and directors in the industry desiring to make interesting content? Well that means they are going to flow into the lucrative and popular art forms; this currently being television (McKnight). Matthew McConnaughey, Rachel McAdams, they've both gone and done True Detective on HBO. Woody Allen signed a deal to produce a series for Amazon.com. Tea Leoni is in Madame Secretary. The best talent in movies is moving to television as that is where they are getting artistic freedom and see the longevity and recognition they desire. As they all leave, movie quality will go down because no highly talented actors will have time to act in films and directors won't be there to create these pieces (Maney). To borrow a phrase from Kevin Maney of Newsweek "New technology changes the way media is consumed. Declining revenue leads to cost-cutting, which drives away talent. That leads to a lower-quality product, which sends audiences elsewhere, which inevitably results in more declining revenues-and the negative spiral keeps feeding itself" (Maney).